Issue #19 Friday, May 25, 2001




What a Difference a Day Makes

New Forum, New Name

Grumbles About Rumbles

Blumenauer Introduces P.O. Act

Nat'l Blueprint: Activity in Adults 50+

New Cambridge (MA) Bike/Ped Advocate

Nat'l Congress of Ped Advocates Coming

Penn. Mountain Bikers Face Restrictions

Colorado Rumble Strip Update

Enhancement Spending Lags

Access Board to Study Roundabouts




San Jose Pushes Ped Projects

Atlantan Does Commute Math

Noisy Neighborhoods Harm Children

DC Mayor Rides to Work

U.S. News Covers Traffic

SF Bay Bridge -- Bike Lanes

Michigan Bicyclists on Cycling Advantages

Maryland Fights School Sprawl

Woman's Day Profiles Ped Activists

S. SF Serious About Commute Options




A View from the Field, by Peter Moe


How much of a difference can a day make? Plenty. I've

just returned from presenting at a one-day conference on

Creating Active Communities in Lincoln, Nebraska, sponsored

by the state's Department of Health Cardiovascular Health

(CVH) Program. Representatives of State and local health

departments, transportation, parks and recreation, planning

and advocacy groups were educated, inspired and challenged

to work together to create more active, more walkable, more

bicycle-friendly communities.


Friends and co-presenters Mark Fenton, Walking Magazine's

editor-at-large, and Western North Carolina's CVH Program

leader Erica Thompson joined me in laying out the simple

case for action: 1) Physical inactivity and obesity have

reached epidemic levels and something must be done to

counter these trends; 2) The condition of the physical,

built environment is a contributing factor, removing

opportunities and creating barriers to the simplest forms

of activity, walking and bicycling; and 3) Only a sustained

and coordinated effort involving a range of government

agencies, decision-makers, and community interests can

bring about the changes in public policy and practice

needed to create environments that encourage activity,

bicycling and walking.


Judging by the number of light bulbs that turned on above

people's heads (I call these _A-Ha!_ moments) during the

day's sessions, and the number of requests for advice and

information afterward, I'd gauge the experience as

"enlightening." I congratulate Barb Fraser and her

colleagues at the Nebraska CVH program for bringing

together such a diverse and interesting group. I hope that,

in time, we can look back at new partnerships and

cooperative efforts and activities that grew (in part) from

this one day and say that we truly did make a difference.


Having a similar meeting of your own? Tell us about it!

Need help building physical activity into your program? Let

us know. Send your correspondence to pete@bikefed.org

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Commentary by John Williams


Issue 51 of the Forum is out and readers may notice a

change in the name. Since 1977, we've published "Bicycle

Forum," a journal for advocates and professionals. Issue 50

came out last year. With issue 51, we've shifted direction

(slightly) and changed the name to reflect the

organization's new name. We're now calling it "NCBW Forum"

(or National Center for Bicycling & Walking Forum, if you

like a very looonnnggg version) and the content now

explicitly includes pedestrian-related articles,

references, and news items.


While we have broadened our mission, we are very much aware

of the dangers of mixing bike and pedestrian interests in a

cavalier fashion. To see what the new "NCBW Forum" looks

like, contact Corey Twyman at the D.C. office for a copy.

He's at corey@bikefed.org


Also, if you got issue 51 and noticed the printing problem

on the articles on "South Africa" and "Tracking Pedestrians", you can

download PDF files of the corrected versions at:

http://www.bikewalk.org/pdf/africa.pdf   (102KB)

http://www.bikewalk.org/pdf/tracking.pdf   (64KB)

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On 21 May, twenty-three national, state, and local

bicycle organizations signed on to a letter from the

National Center for Bicycling & Walking to US Department of

Transportation Secretary Mineta asking for a nationwide

moratorium on shoulder rumble strips (SRS) until a

bicycle-friendly design and policy is issued by the Federal

Highway Administration and adopted by the various state



According the NCBW's Bill Wilkinson, "The bicycle community

supports the use of SRS -- they can help save lives --

where appropriate, but there are real concerns about the

threat to cyclists caused by some design and application

treatments. For more than three years, the bicycle

community has been trying to work with the Federal Highway

Administration (FHWA) and various state DOTs to come up

with an approach that will (a) not be a hazard to

bicyclists and (b) not preclude bicycling on roadway

shoulders. The FHWA Washington office says they are close

to issuing some sort of 'technical assistance' on SRS.

However, some FHWA division (i.e., state) offices have been

actively urging state DOTs to move forward now with SRS

treatments known to be dangerous to bicyclists and to apply

SRS in ways that will force cyclists off the shoulder and

in some cases off the road. We have been forced to take a

more aggressive approach."


A copy of the letter to Secretary Mineta is available at:


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According to a May 17th news release, Congressman Earl

Blumenauer (D-OR) recently introduced the Post Office

Community Partnership Act of 2001 (H.R. 1861). The

legislation "outlines minimum community contact procedures

for any proposed closing, consolidation, relocation, or

construction of a post office. Additionally, the bill

requires the Postal Service to comply with local zoning,

planning, or other land use laws."


"The Act modifies the considerations that the Postal

Service must currently consider when making a determination

to take action on a post office. Modifications include



* the extent to which the post office is a part of a core

downtown business area

* concerns of local officials, including consistency with

growth projections and land use plans

* consistency with the size, scale, design, and general

character of the surrounding community


The bill has 57 Republican and Democratic original

cosponsors and is endorsed by the following national

organizations: American Planning Association, American

Society of Landscape Architects,National Center for

Bicycling and Walking, Council for Urban Economic

Development, National Association of Realtors, National

Conference of State Historic Preservation Offices, National

Trust for Historic Preservation, Preservation Action,

Sierra Club, and Smart Growth America. The bill now goes to

the House Committee on Government Reform for consideration.

Senators James Jeffords (R-VT) and Max Baucus (D-MT) also

introduced identical companion legislation in the Senate..."

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"The National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity

Among Adults Aged 50 and Older," representing a renewed and

aggressive commitment to meet the challenges of enabling

mid-life and older Americans, was released this month.

Contributors to the development of the report include the

AARP, the American College of Sports Medicine, the American

Geriatrics Society, the Centers for Disease Control and

Prevention, The National Institute on Aging, and The Robert

Wood Johnson Foundation. The report affirms the central

role that walking and bicycling will play in the future

health of older Americans.


"This is a society-wide call to action. We need fresh ideas

and community innovations to help make physical activity a

vital part of our lives," says J. Michael McGinnis, M.D.,

senior vice president and director of the health group at

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. "You can bombard people

with all the ads and devices you want, but if they do not

have sidewalks to walk on, positive reinforcement from

healthcare providers, or time in their busy days for

physical activity, they will not commit to an active



"To translate this plan into action organizations will have

to reach beyond their comfort zone. For example, many

mid-life and older people are not likely to walk if they

live in neighborhoods that have no sidewalks, or are

dangerous. Public health professionals will have to learn

about local transportation planning and how to work with

elected officials to encourage exercise friendly

neighborhoods." (from the report summary)


Among the specific recommendations for research is to:

"Identify barriers to walking for adults age 50 and older,

determine why these barriers exist, and develop specific

recommendations for how to overcome and avoid them."


To view a copy of the report in PDF format, visit


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Our informers tell us that Cambridge (MA) bike/ped guru

and classical musician Cara Seiderman recently presented

the community with its latest bicycle/pedestrian advocate:

Jonas Bernard Seiderman Hansen. Jonas was born Monday May

14th (vital statistics of 7 lbs. 14 oz. and 21 inches).

According to sources, "Everyone is doing fine and he's

looking forward to his first ProBike/ProWalk Conference."

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The National Congress of Pedestrian Advocates will be

held August 16-18 in Oakland, California. According to a

release from Ellen Vanderslice of America Walks, "More than

just a conference, the National Congress of Pedestrian

Advocates will be a hands-on, feet-on-the-ground training

camp for building pedestrian power. It will kick-off a

campaign by America Walks to recognize at least forty

active pedestrian advocacy groups nationwide by the end of



"The Congress will also be an opportunity for delegates

from the member groups of America Walks to take collective

action to frame positions on pedestrian issues of national

significance. Attendance at the Congress is limited by the

capacity of our facilities to 150 people."


To register, point your browser at:


If you have questions about registering, you may telephone

our registration specialists at AHI, Inc, 1-800-788-7077,

or e-mail them to convene@aol.com

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According to a May 23rd alert from the League of

American Bicyclists, "The Pennsylvania Game Commission

recently released draft changes to its recreational usage

management policy. If implemented, these changes could

close 1.4 million acres of state game lands to mountain



"The League of American Bicyclists is supporting the

International Mountain Bicycling Association (IMBA and

http://www.imba.com and the Keystone Mountain Bike

Association (KMBA and http://www.patrails.com ) in opposing

this potential ban on recreational bicycling. 'We are

disappointed by this proposal,' said IMBA Pennsylvania

State Representative and KMBA Board member Tim Cusick. 'The

PGC has been very open to discussion and we were hoping for

a more cooperative outcome.'"


The LAB suggests supporters write to the Pennsylvania Game

Commission and tell them why cycling should be allowed on

State Game Land (deadline: June 4, 2001). Here are some

suggested points:


* The League, IMBA and KMBA recognize the need to balance

the environment and recreation.

* State game lands are a valuable resource for mountain

bicyclists and should remain open to cycling.

* More than 500,000 Pennsylvania residents enjoy mountain


* The Pennsylvania Game Commission should work with KMBA

and IMBA to find solutions.


Mail comment letters to:

Clay VanBuskirk, Regulations, Pennsylvania Game Commission,

2001 Elemerton Avenue, Harrisburg, PA 17110

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According to Martha Roskowski's May 16th Bicycle

Colorado newsletter, the organization "just finished

reviewing the results of CDOT's Bicycle Friendly Rumble

Strip tests that 29 cyclists participated in last fall. The

report recommends a relatively mild milling of 3/8" which

is a compromise between the shallower millings preferred by

bicyclists and the more aggressive millings that made more

noise and vibration in vehicles. The combination of these

test results and our previous work is resulting in a "not

so horrible" rumble strip...I wouldn't call it great. In

short: It's a 12" wide rumble, placed next to the white

line, with 48' of rumbles then a 12' foot gap. The design

uses the traditional milling machine, set at a shallow

depth of 3/8"."


Bicycle Colorado plans to get the report online at:


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According to a May 11th release from the Rails-to-Trails

Conservancy, "The National Transportation Enhancements

Clearinghouse (NTEC) recently published its annual report

on the status of nationwide spending of Transportation

Enhancements (TE) funds, Federal dollars that are available

to build bicycle and pedestrian facilities among other

eligible TE activities. This comprehensive report details

the status of all 50 states', Puerto Rico, and the District

of Columbia's TE spending according to five benchmarks,

from level of available funds to amount actually reimbursed.


"NTEC's report finds that after nine years of the

Transportation Enhancements program, the states have

assigned most of the money to selected projects, but

obligation and reimbursement numbers continue to lag

behind-- the difference between programming the money and

actually getting projects implemented and completed. The

report explores supply vs. demand for TE funds, as well as

the distribution of funds across the twelve eligible

activities. The latest project data finds that bicycle and

pedestrian facilities and rail-trails have been awarded

over 50 percent of all Federal TE funds, with historic

preservation and landscaping and scenic beautification the

next two largest shares of funding."


To download a copy of the report go to:

http://www.enhancements.org and click on "Documents". The

report is in the section titled "NTEC Products." You can

also request one by email: NTEC@transact.org

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According to the May 7th issue of Access Currents, the

U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance

Board " is providing additional support for research at the

Department of Blind Rehabilitation at Western Michigan

University to assess the problems for visually impaired

pedestrians in current roundabout design. This research

will provide technical assistance materials on good

practice for accessible roundabout designs."


For more information on this project or other Board

research efforts, contact Lois Thibault, Coordinator of

Research, at research@access-board.gov or visit the

Board's website at:


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According to the May 17th edition of Walk San Jose

Reporter, "On April 25, The San Jose Redevelopment Agency

announced the results of the Strong Neighborhoods

Initiative's Project Area Committee (PAC) election. The

50-member Project Area Committee, consisting of 35 elected

members and 15 Council appointed community based

organizations, will oversee improvement plans and the

allocation of $20 million in redevelopment funds.

According to the Redevelopment Agency, the SNI is the

largest neighborhood revitalization effort in San Jose's



"Not surprisingly, pedestrian improvements are high on the

list of priority issues for SNI neighborhoods. The

Downtown Neighborhhoods Leadership Forum (DNLF), a powerful

coalition of 17 neighborhood associations in the greater

downtown and university areas, has identified fourteen

pedestrian corridors for possible inclusion in San Jose's

general plan, which could see improvement through the SNI.


"These corridors are intended to enhance pedestrian links

to schools and parks, and improve pedestrian circulation in

the greater downtown area. Eventually they should link to

the Coyote Creek and Guadalupe Greenbelt trails, and become

part of a citywide bicycle and pedestrian network. The

idea is not to exclude vehicular traffic, but rather to

enhance and prioritize pedestrian movement..."


A map of the proposed Pedestrian Corridors can be found at


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The March issue of GoBoulder!'s newsletter included this



"Commuting for the sake of your house in the suburbs? It's

a common condition in the 21st century. Last year Atlantan

Sandra McCooey decided she'd had enough. She calculated

that her hour-long, 23-mile drive between her home in

Alpharetta and work in downtown Atlanta was costing her

$5,000 per year. So, she sold her 4,400-square foot home

for 1,200-square-foot condominium just blocks from her



"'I'm 50, and I'm wasting my whole life in the car,' said

McCooey. Not surprising to McCooey, a recent study showed

that metro Atlantans spend proportionately more for

transportation than residents of any other metropolitan

area in the United Sates except Houston. In fact, metro

Atlantans, on average spend more on transportation than on

housing, food and health care. The study was conducted by

the Surface Transportation Policy Project and the Center

for Neighborhood Technology."




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According to a May 24th ENN story, "Continuous,

low-level traffic noise is a pollutant that can cause

health and motivational problems in children, researchers

in the United States, Germany and Austria have found.


"The low but continuous noise of everyday local traffic can

cause stress in children and raise blood pressure, heart

rates and levels of stress hormones, reports a new study by

a Cornell University environmental psychologist and his

European co-authors..."


Source: Environmental News Network


See R-E-S-O-U-R-C-E-S section for access information on the

study, itself.

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According to a May 24th article in the Washington Post,

"Less than three of the city's 1,102 miles of streets have

bike lanes. The last time the city published a bike map was

1982, and a bicycle transportation plan drawn up in 1975,

envisioning a 75-mile network of continuous bikeways, has

been in a drawer for a quarter of a century. But all of

that has begun to change since an avid bicyclist arrived at

city hall.


"Showing that no potential constituency will go unplumbed,

Mayor Anthony A. Williams has reached out to fellow

cyclists. In a speech before several hundred of them last

November, he promised to make the District

'bicycle-friendly' by providing 'smoother pavements and

safer roadways.' Williams also pledged to appoint a city

bike coordinator, update the dormant bicycle transportation

plan, make new trails a higher priority and, over five

years, lay out 50 miles of new bike lanes and install 500

new bike racks. The mayor also endorsed car-free zones on

upper Beach Drive in Rock Creek Park during weekday

non-rush hours.


"Earlier this month, the city's First Cyclist, attired in

helmet and bow tie, participated in 'Bike to Work Day,'

sponsored by the 4,500-member Washington Area Bicyclist

Association (WABA), the region's largest bicycling advocacy

group. 'After years of feeling like no one was paying

attention to us, we feel there is a new understanding that

bicycles fit in perfectly with the livable community

philosophy,' WABA president Peter Harnik declared. 'We're

very high on the mayor,' Harnik added..."






Title: "For Cyclists, a More Open Road? City Vows to End

Long Legacy of Neglect Toward Biking Community"

Author: Caryle Murphy

Archive copy cost: $2.95

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According to a cover story in this week's US News and

World Report, "Traffic, everyone knows, is one of the

bigger hassles of modern life. But just in time for

Memorial Day, a blizzard of brand-new data confirms just

how bad congestion has become. Since 1982, while the U.S.

population has grown nearly 20 percent, the time Americans

spend in traffic has jumped an amazing 236 percent. In

major American cities, the length of the combined

morning-evening rush hour has doubled, from under three

hours in 1982 to almost six hours today. The result? The

average driver now spends the equivalent of nearly a full

workweek each year stuck in traffic.


"That's not just lost time-it's real money. Congestion

costs Americans $78 billion a year in wasted fuel and lost

time-up 39 percent since 1990. In Houston, traffic jams

cost commuters on the Southwest Freeway and West Loop 610

an average $954 a year in wasted fuel and time. In New

Jersey's Somerset County, congestion costs the average

licensed driver $2,110 a year. Truckers-and the businesses

that depend on them-say clogged roads are choking off

economic growth and reducing the nation's competitiveness.

Commercial truck travel increased by 37 percent during the

1990s. By 2020, it's expected to double in most parts of

the country..."




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According to a May 1st article in the San Francisco

Chonicle, "To the delight of bicyclists, Caltrans said

yesterday that it could build bike lanes across the entire

Bay Bridge, from Oakland to San Francisco. Already planned

for the bridge's new eastern span, bicycle and pedestrian

lanes could be added to the western span for between $160

and $380 million, lower than earlier estimates, according

to a new report.


"'We weren't sure if it could be done or not,' said

Caltrans spokesman Jeff Weiss. "'There was a grassroots

push to examine the possibility of a bike lane on the west

span. Now, we know it can be done.' Bicyclists would get

from one end of the bridge to the other, a route of about

five miles, via a bike path on Treasure Island that would

avoid the tunnel on Yerba Buena Island. The more expensive

plan calls for replacing the concrete upper deck of the

western span with lightweight steel that would support se

parate bike and pedestrian lanes on each side of the





Search: http://www.sfgate.com/wais/search/arch-pro.shtml

Title: "Bike lanes possible all way across bay: Caltrans

offers Bay Bridge options"

Author: Benjamin Pimentel

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According to a May 23rd article in the Detroit News,

"Gripe to Lucinda Means about the high price of gasoline,

and she'll tell you to take a bike, a pair of blades or a

hike. Means, the executive director of the League of

Michigan Bicyclists and a San Francisco transplant, doesn't

even own a car. The full-time lobbyist and bike tour

organizer commutes 5 miles to her downtown Lansing office

on a recumbent bicycle. This month she's cycling around the

state to promote National Bike Commuting Month, a campaign

to reduce traffic congestion by finding nonmotorized

methods of getting to work and running errands.


"About 8.8 million Americans, or one in 60 commuters, bike

to work, according to a 1990 Harris poll conducted by

Bicycling Magazine. Means contends the number would be

higher if more companies had showers and secure parking,

and more communities had recreation paths.


"A confluence of factors supports Means' fitness crusade:

- Gas prices have risen to close to $2 a gallon, making

short hops by car less affordable. A 4-mile hop to the

store might consume less than a half gallon of gas, but it

contributes to a mounting problem of gridlock.

- The recently released Surface Transportation Policy

Project ranked Detroit the third worst for congestion in

the nation. The report also said Michigan's road- building

spree would not end gridlock. An increased effort to bike,

walk and in-line skate to errands would free up roadways.

- A new American Council on Exercise report says fitness

gains can be accomplished in increments of 10 or 15

minutes, dispelling a long held notion that we need 30 to

45 minutes of steady exercise to properly elevate our heart

rate and burn calories. The report finds more acceptability

for running short errands on foot, blade or bicycle,

something that filters fresh air into the lungs and has an

aerobic component. 'Any fitness activity is better than

none,' says Tom Caeppert, exercise physiologist for Central

Michigan University. 'If you seldom find time to exercise,

then combining it with an errand is a workable





Search: http://detnews.com:80/search/index.htm

Title: "Use muscle power, not horsepower"

Author: Stories Maureen McDonald

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According to a May 8th story in the Washington Post,

"Maryland's Washington suburbs will receive more than $91

million for school construction and renovation in the

coming fiscal year, nearly one-third of all the state

funding Gov. Parris N. Glendening announced yesterday. For

the first time, Prince George's County received more money

than any other jurisdiction in the annual quest for school

construction money. Its $46 million allocation edged out

the usual top dollar earner, Montgomery County, which re

ceived $45 million.


"The money was part of $295 million announced by Glendening

(D), most of which will be used for renovations and

additions to schools throughout the state. In recent years,

Maryland has shifted its emphasis from new school

construction to improving existing schools. Eighty percent

of the new money will go to renovation. 'Instead of

building new schools out there somewhere, as part of our

smart growth program, we're redirecting that money to

existing schools,' Glendening said. 'Young families follow

good schools. You can use school construction to be the

heart of rebuilding communities.'..."






Title: "Pr. George's, Montgomery Schools Get $91 Million "

Author: Daniel LeDuc

Archive copy cost: $2.95

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According to the May 17th issue of the Walk San Jose

Reporter, "You know that pedestrian activism is truly going

mainstream when you see it featured at the supermarket

check-out stand. The May 15, 2001 issue of Woman's Day

magazine ran a story called 'Pedestrians in Peril'

featuring Walk San Jose's fellow ped groups Safe Paths of

Hillsborough, Los Angeles Walks, BayPeds, American Walks,

and Atlanta's PEDS group.


"The article notes that:

--Each year 6,000 pedestrians are killed and 90,000 are


--One in five is a child

--You are 36 times more likely to be killed walking than

driving a car

--You are 300 time more likely to be killed walking than


--Less than 6 percent of Americans' trips are on foot, yet

13 percent of all traffic deaths involve pedestrians

--For every pedestrian killed by a car, at least 14 more

are injured.


"Mirroring what's happening here in San Jose, the article

states, 'Now, more and more pedestrians are beginning to

press their local governments to slow traffic and provide

better, safer footpaths.... This is crucial, says [Ellen

Vanderslice, president of America Walks]. 'You have to

have people in the community demanding better choices for

their community.'"


Source: Walk San Jose Reporter. Questions and comments can

be directed to us at


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According to a May 14th article in the San Mateo County

Times, "South San Francisco is requiring 35 percent of

employees at a new business complex to find ways to work

other than driving alone. And if the owners of the Bay West

Cove development can't meet the goal, they may be slapped

with a $15000 penalty for every percentage point they fall

short of the mark.


"The strict requirement is part of an extensive

Transportation Demand Management Plan, or TDM, worked out

by the city and the two developers of the 42-acre project

at Oyster Point, which will feature biotechnology

research-and-development space, offices, retail, a hotel

and restaurants.


"Tom Sparks, chief planner for South San Francisco, said

officials took the tough stance for two reasons. 'There is

simply not room to build our way out of the traffic

congestion that development of the East of 101 area will

create,' he said. "We also wanted to do what planners have

been talking about for years--getting drivers off the



Search: http://www.sanmateotimes-ang.com/

[hit "Search the County Times" button]

Title: "SSF forcing some workers to use transit"

Author: Justin Jouvenal

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And now for something completely different:


According to the Rejects Revenge Theatre Company's

description of their new play, THE BICYCLE BRIDGE, "The

Bicycle Bridge is the story of an enraged elephant in a

besieged city, of the music made by the subterranean

inhabitants, and of a love that can never die. Told through

words, music and falling over..."


(click on "current shows")





A Canadian contribution to the land use dialogue at the

Ninth Session of the United Nations Commission on

Sustainable Development that was held April 16 to 27, 2001,

is now online. The monograph "describes the state of

transportation in Canada as it relates to sustainable

development. Reflecting recent developments in sustainable

transportation, it discusses the nature of the challenges

we face and what we are doing to address them."




Subtitled "Insight from Western Europe, Canada, and the

United States," this TRB Special Report (#257) " identifies

practices and policies employed in Western Europe and

Canada to encourage public-transportation use and suggests

approaches the United States could take to increase

ridership as well."

The report may be downloaded in PDF format at:




An article in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of

America (Mar. 2001, Vo. 103, Issue 3) by Gary W. Evans,

Peter Lercher, Markus Meis, Hartmut Ising, andWalter W.

Kofle. The abstract says, in part, "Children in the noisier

areas had elevated resting systolic blood pressure and 8-h,

overnight urinary cortisol. The children from noisier

neighborhoods also evidenced elevated heart rate reactivity

to a discrete stressor (reading test) in the laboratory and

rated themselves higher in perceived stress symptoms on a

standardized index. Furthermore girls, but not boys,

evidenced diminished motivation in a standardized

behavioral protocol..."

To read the abstract, go to:


The article can be purchased online for $18.00.



An article in the March issue of Grist Magazine by Lester

Brown (subtitled "Pavement is replacing the world's

croplands"). "As the new century begins, the competition

between cars and crops for cropland is intensifying. Until

now, the paving over of cropland has occurred largely in

industrial countries, home to four-fifths of the world's

520 million automobiles. But now, more and more farmland is

being sacrificed in developing countries with hungry

populations, calling into question the future role of the c

ar. There's no such thing as free parking..."




The Jan.1996 Final Report prepared for the U.S. Access

Board by Jon A. Sanford of North Carolina State University.

"With the significant change in demographics over the past

two decades and the projected increase in the number of

older people and people with disabilities, a reevaluation

of the current ADA requirements for the design of ramps for

their usability by current and anticipated populations

seems appropriate."




Award-winning picture book by D. B. Johnson: "Inspired by a

passage from Henry David Thoreau's 'Walden,' this

wonderfully appealing story follows two friends who have

very different approaches to life. When the two agree to

meet one evening in Fitchburg, which is thirty miles away,

Henry decides to walk while his friend plans to work all

day to earn the fare for the train. Playful pictures follow

the progress of each, whether through a bustling small town

or a countryside alive with curiosities for an inquisitive

bear." Get more info and see the first few pages at:





June 2, 2001, National Trails Day. Info: American Hiking

Society, voice: (301) 565-6704 ext. 206, email:


website: http://www.americanhiking.org/events/ntd/index.html


July 3-6, 2001,Environmental Design Research Association

(EDRA) Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland. Info: EDRA,

P.O. Box 7146, Edmond, OK 73083-7146, voice: (405)330-4863

fax: (405)330-4150, email: edra@telepath.com

website: http://www.telepath.com/edra/home.html


August 3-5, 2001, Bikefest 2001 - LAB's National Rally,

Altoona, PA. Info: League of American Bicyclists, voice:

(202) 822-1333, email: bikeleague@bikeleague.org

website: http://www.bikeleague.org/rallies/rallies.html


August 16-18, 2001, First National Congress of Pedestrian

Advocates, Oakland, CA. Info: AmericaWalks, email:


website: http://americawalks.org/news/congress/


September 13-16, 2001, Rail~Volution: Envisioning the New

Frontier, San Francisco, CA. Info: (503) 823-6870.

website: http://www.railvolution.com/ataglance.htm


September 17-21, 2001, Velo-city 2001, Edinburgh/Glasgow,

Scotland. Info: Meeting Makers Ltd, Jordanhill Campus, 76

Southbrae Drive, Glasgow G13 1PP, Scotland, voice: 0141 434

1500 fax: 434 1519, e-mail: Velo_city@meetingmakers.co.uk

website: http://velo-city2001.org/


September 21-22, 2001, New Zealand Cycling Conference 2001,

Chateau on the Park, Christchurch. Call for Papers out now.

Info: NZ Cycling Conference, PO Box 237, Christchurch, NZ,

voice: 03 371 1472, fax: 03 371 1864. email:



September 26-29, 2001, TrailLink 2001: the 3rd

International Trails and Greenways Conference,

St. Louis, MO. Info: Rails- to-Trails Conservancy,

voice: (202) 974-5152, email: rtcconf@transact.org

website: http://www.railtrails.org


October 4-6, 2001, Innovative Approaches to Understanding

and Influencing Physical Activity, Dallas, TX. Info: The

Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX.

website: http://www.cooperinst.org/conf2001.asp





The Thunderhead Alliance is a growing coalition state and

local organizations advocating for bicycle-friendly

communities. Our mission is to increase bicycling in the

United States by securing more funding for bicycle projects

and programs and improving policy to facilitate bicycling.

With the help of the Board of Directors, the Executive

Director will play the key role in crafting, funding and

carrying out the strategic plan. Fundraising, fiscal and

contract management, and grassroots advocacy experience are

critical skills. The successful candidate will understand

Washington DC culture and will be an opportunistic

fundraiser. Salary $32,000 - $40,000 with benefit stipend,

DOE. For more information, contact Board Member Chris

Morfas at (916) 446-7558 or chris.morfas@calbike.org.




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National Center for Bicycling & Walking 1506 21st St NW,

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