Issue #21 Friday, June 22, 2001




ProBike/ProWalk 02: Save This Date

JAMA Drunk Bicyclist Article Misleads

STPP-AARP Seek Model Policies & Programs

Great Parks, Great Cities Conference

Denver: LAB Bicycle Friendly Community

Physical Activity Conference on Horizon

Burden Hits Time Magazine

Pop Quiz: Police Mountain Bike Cost?

Durning: Gas Prices and Free Parking

We Win One in Texas!

Bikes Belong, Bicycle Council Merge




Beat the Moab Crowds

Bladers Hit on Ohio Country Road

Albuquerque Writer Chronicles Tour

No Nude Cyclist Arrests in Parade

Georgia Hopes to Lead in Racing




Get out you calendars and save these dates: September 3-6, 2002.

You will be in St. Paul, Minnesota attending ProBike/ProWalk 02, the

12th International Symposium on Bicycling and Walking, at

the Radisson Hotel St. Paul -- so be sure to mark it clearly! The

conference will again be co-organized by the National Center for

Bicycling & Walking (NCBW) and the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information

Center (PBIC). A call for papers will be issued this fall. Stay tuned to

CenterLines for more information about the nation's biggest and best

conference on bicycling and walking!

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Last winter the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)

published an article on drinking and bicycling ("Use of Alcohol as a

Risk Factor for Bicycling Injury," JAMA, Feb. 21, 2001). The authors

claimed that imbibing one drink increased a cyclist's risk of a

serious-injury crash more than five-fold. As often happens, the media

picked up this conclusion and ran with it...a long way. For example,

U.S. News & World Report used the article as basis for their claim that

"Just one drink, the [researchers] calculated, multiplied the risk of

serious injury or death six times." The New York Times chimed in with

"The researchers "estimate that a blood-alcohol level of 0.08 "

increases the risk of a bicyclist's death by about 6 times and the risk

of injury by about 20 times." Reuters News Service added to the

commotion as well. And in our "In the News" section we picked up at

least one story on the topic. The only problem is that the researchers'

conclusion was wrong --- not that you'd know it from reading U.S. News,

the Times, or other media outlets.


"Right of Way," a New York City-based advocacy group, analyzed the

statistics in the article and found that the authors had combined those

who had only had one drink with those who had many and had given them

all the same chance of being injured or killed on their bikes. As Right

of Way put it, "The JAMA construct 'BAC of 0.02 or higher' is so broad

(from one drink to extreme intoxication) as to be meaningless: for the

cases studied by the JAMA authors, blood alcohol contents ranged from

zero to 0.35 - a level equivalent to eighteen drinks."


In response to a letter to the JAMA editor from Right of Way member

Charles Komanoff , the authors conceded that cyclist BAC's of 0.02 to

0.07 (one to several drinks) are associated with an increased injury

risk of only 40% --- not 500 to 600%. As Right of Way points out, "This

appears to be on a par with the added risk of driving after one to

several drinks. Of course, a drunk cyclist puts only himself at risk,

whereas a drunk driver poses a threat to others."


But have you seen any retractions in the U.S. News or the Times?

Neither have we. ---J.W.


For more on the story, visit:


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The Surface Transportation Policy Project (STPP) is working on a report

for the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) examining state

laws, policies and programs which promote alternative transportation.

The report will include: (1) a comprehensive survey of state policies,

legislation and spending practices; (2) in-depth case studies of several

"best practice" programs/policies which promote mobility for older

Americans; and, (3) a list of criteria which can be used to evaluate the

effectiveness and merit of policies and programs.


As a first step, STPP is asking for examples what states have done to

promote (or restrict) alternative transportation--legislation and policies


successful statewide programs targeted to enhance opportunities for

alternative modes. Send your input to Jodi Michaels

jmichaels@transact.org or Alyssa Campbell acampbell@transact.org.

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The Project for Public Spaces recently announced their upcoming

conference, "Great Parks, Great Cities: A National Conference on Urban

Parks," to be held in New York City July 28-31, 2001.


As PPS says, "Most conferences are dull events: not ours. In four days,

we'll show you more of New York than most New Yorkers ever see. Travel

by canoe along the forgotten Bronx River; by boat across New York

Harbor; by bike through Hudson River Park - with the people who live

and work there. And, of course, see Central, Prospect, and Bryant Parks.


There's serious stuff too: leaders from across the U.S. sharing trade

secrets, and presentations by some of the nation's key figures. It all

happens in New York City, a laboratory for public and private

innovation in parks.

Register online at http://www.pps.org/conference.htm

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Denver, Colorado, recently became the 54th American community

recognized by the League of American Bicyclists for actively supporting

local cycling and meeting the League's established criteria for bicycle

infrastructure. "The League's Bicycle Friendly Communities Campaign is

building a bicycle-friendly America in the most effective way

possible by city, town by town, and county by county."


In their news release, the League applauded "the many accomplishments

of Mayor Wellington E. Webb, the City Council, the Mayor's Bicycle

Advisory Committee, and city staff for guiding Denver as it continues

to develop even more bicycle-friendly facilities. Denver's extensive

network of off-road bike paths, including the Cherry Creek and Platte

River Systems, is heavily used for both recreation and transportation

and sets it apart from most large cities. Denver has clearly recognized

that supporting bicycling is good for its community because bicycle

facilities are an important quality of life indicator, just like good

schools, green parks and clean and safe streets."


"The City's active bicycle advisory committee, founded in 1990, has

made real progress. Since many of the tasks outlined in the 1993

Bicycle Master Plan have been accomplished, the City is now updating it

while continuing to expand bicycle facilities, such as bike lanes and

improved bicycle connections for the downtown area. Denver is a model

other large American cities should emulate in their efforts to improve

quality of life for their residents."


Communities wishing to be considered for the League's Bicycle Friendly

Communities designation should contact Anthony Yoder at (202) 822-1333

or anthony@bikeleague.org

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Mark your calendar for the upcoming Cooper Institute Conference on

"Innovative Approaches to Understanding and Influencing Physical

Activity," a two-day symposium (October 4-6) focused on the complex

factors that influence physical activity behavior. According to

organizers, "The conference will bring together a broad range of

scientists from diverse fields of behavioral medicine, transportation,

environmental and urban planning, public policy, and parks and



"The past three conferences in The Cooper Institute Conference Series

have been well attended and registration had to be limited due to space

constraints. We believe the Scientific Program Committee has again

developed a stellar program that will be of interest to basic and

applied researchers, and individuals from diverse fields (planning,

transportation, parks, recreation, public health) whose work plays a

role in providing opportunities for physical activity."


To learn more, go to:


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If you were lounging by the pool recently reading the June 18th

edition of Time magazine, you might have seen a familiar face. In a

piece entitled "He Takes Back the Streets for Walking" by Josh

Tyrangiel, there's a photo of Dan Burden peeking around a mirrored

building corner (you can tell by the bushy moustache and ever-present

photographer's vest). Dan was chosen as one of Time's 100 Next Wave

Innovators (Civic Leaders). As they say, "He can't unpave paradise, but

Burden does help plant the trees, lay the grass and narrow the

highways, slowing traffic and giving the sidewalks back to the



Congrats to one of our own for making it in the "Big Time"! To see the

piece, go to:


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According to the International Police Mountain Bike Association's

website FAQ, "The average layout of expense to fully equip one bike is

about $1,200, with an annual maintenance fee of about $200. The average

patrol car costs between $23,000 and $28,000 to purchase and has an

annual maintenance fee of about $3000 to $4000..."

For more on IPMBA, go to:


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According to the latest from the Elm Street Writers Group,

"President Bush's answer to soaring gasoline prices and supposed

dwindling supplies is to drill for oil from the Arctic National

Wildlife Refuge to the Florida coast. But according to writer Alan

Durning, Mr. Bush could find a much larger source of untapped energy,

and a solution to rising family transportation and civic costs,

somewhere else entirely. In the zoning and tax codes that make America

the land of the free parking place.


In this piece for the Elm Street Writers Group, Durning reports that

Americans end more than 90 percent of car trips in free parking spaces.

But they aren't really free. Fully 50 percent of the cost of parking is

paid by employers, businesses drivers patronize, and citizens. Another

40 percent of the cost of parking is paid through rent and mortgages

for off-street parking at home. With everybody sharing the cost, it's

no wonder that drivers have almost nothing to gain by leaving their

cars at home.


Go to:


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Thanks to Ellen Vanderslice for sending this good news about that

"parking on sidewalks" bill we reported on last time...


PROCLAMATION BY THE Governor of the State of Texas



Pursuant to Article IV, Section 14, of the Texas Constitution, I, Rick

Perry, Governor of Texas, do hereby disapprove of and veto House Bill

No. 674 passed by the Seventy-Seventh Texas Legislature, Regular

Session, because of the following objections:


House Bill No. 674 would permit counties or municipalities to adopt an

ordinance allowing the operator of a car or light truck to park their

vehicle on the portion of a sidewalk that extends over a private

driveway. Current state law prohibits such action. I believe that

current law should be maintained in order to ensure access and use of

sidewalks throughout the State by persons with disabilities and others.

Since the Legislature by its adjournment has prevented the return of

this bill, I am filing these objections in the office of the Secretary

of State and giving notice thereof by this public proclamation

according to the aforementioned constitutional provision.


IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have signed my name officially and caused the

Seal of the State to be affixed hereto at Austin, this 17th day of

June, 2001.


Rick Perry

Governor of Texas

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According to a June 1st news release, "The boards of directors of

The Bicycle Council (TBC) and the Bikes Belong Coalition (Bikes Belong)

announce the two organizations are merged today. The name of the

combined organization is Bikes Belong Coalition. Rich Olken will

continue as Executive Director.


"Both TBC and Bikes Belong boards enthusiastically supported the

merger, which has been in the works since the BREC/BPSA conference last

January where the need for industry unity was a prevalent theme. The

merger can be seen as another indication of growing momentum toward a

large umbrella organization dedicated to selling more bicycles through

facilities improvement, political activism, and broad-based promotion.


"'The industry's leaders on the boards of Bikes Belong and The Bicycle

Council put their heads together and concluded that the industry needs

to be unified if it is going to get and stay healthy,' said Bill

Wilkinson, former Executive Director of the Bicycle Institute of

America, the industry's promotion organization of the early 1990s, [and

current Executive Director of the NCBW]. 'This is a very big, smart

move by the industry and bodes well for the future of bicycling.'


For more information, contact Richard Olken at rich@bikesbelong.org

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According to a June 19th article in the Salt Lake Tribune, "The

crowds and hype of Moab got you down? Not to worry. Utah mountain

bikers still have Red Canyon, which remains uncrowded, although its

high-elevation red-rock virtues are lauded in the guidebooks and across

the Internet. The 41,431-acre Red Canyon Scenic Recreation Area,

located 220 miles south of Salt Lake City along state Route 12 between

Panguitch and Bryce Canyon, offers a 'national park-caliber'

experience, but without the masses and fees, says Gregg Bromka, the

Salt Lake City-based author of 'Mountain Biking Brian Head-Bryce



Source: http://www.sltrib.com:80/06192001/tuesday/106826.htm

Search: http://archive1.sltrib.com/

Title: "By Foot, Hoof or Wheel, Red Canyon Is An Overlooked Gem"

Author: Brian Maffly

Cost: Yes

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According to a June 20th story in the Toledo (OH) Blade, "Two weeks

ago, Christina Margraf and Lynne Musgrave celebrated their graduation

with 60 classmates at Arlington High School. But the two friends, who

looked forward to a summer of fun, are in the hospital after being hit

by a car while in-line skating on a country road Monday night in

Hancock County. Ms. Musgrave, 18, was in serious condition yesterday in

the intensive- care unit at St. Vincent Mercy Medical Center. Ms.

Margraf, 18, was in fair condition at the same Toledo hospital.

'Everyone is pretty shocked,' said Katie Kostyo, a friend and classmate

of the two young women. 'Everyone is pretty close here. We're all



"The accident occurred shortly before 10 p.m. on Hancock County Road

24, three-tenths of a mile west of U.S. 68. Ms. Margraf and Ms. Musgrave

were skating east on the south side of the road when they were hit from

behind by an eastbound car driven by Donald Walters, 47, of Arlington,

the Hancock County sheriff's office said. Mr. Walters called the sheriff's

office on a cellular phone to report the crash at 10:01 a.m., Deputy Todd

Bucher said. Mr. Walters told the sheriff's office he did not see the


until right before he hit them...."








Title: "Arlington skaters hit by car"

Author: Steve Murphy

Cost: Yes

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According to a June 21st article in the Albuquerque Journal,

"[During five days in early September, Albuquerque resident and

free-lance writer Nancy Harbert will join 2,000 other people on a

400-mile bicycle ride from Montreal to Portland, Maine, to raise money

for AIDS research. The following is the second installment of a

five-part series chronicling her preparation for the ride.[


"Since signing up for the Canada-U.S. AIDS Vaccine Ride, I've been

living five simple words: one step at a time. I've adopted them as my

motto. The first step was to get a bike. Before I even tried one out, I

was told to plan on spending at least $700 for a bike that could

withstand the high mileage I would be demanding of it, in training and

during the ride. _ At first, I felt comfortable with that news,

shocking as it was to a child of the 1950s who always considered a

Schwinn 3-speed as good as a bike could get. I tried out a few models,

preferring a beautiful beige Bianchi with a seafoam-green saddle that I

knew could carry me the distance in style and comfort.


"Before I made it home, however, I already was fretting the expense;

not because I couldn't afford it, but because a hereditary thriftiness

was taking over. Anyone who knows me well knows that parting with a sum

of money does not come easy. Usually it comes after all options are





Search: http://www.abqjournal.com/archives/

Title: "Rusty Cyclist Takes Training Step at a Time"

Author: Nancy Harbert

Cost: $1.95

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According to a June 17th article in the Seattle Times, "One day,

Shea Planert, 4-1/2, journeyed to the center of the universe, to a

strange place where trolls lurk under the bridge, bicyclists ride

freely in the wind and big, hulking monsters swipe at little boys with

ladybug galoshes. But monsters don't scare Shea - he rather likes them.

Plus, Mommy was near.


"'I heard there's a monster puppet,' Shea said, sitting on a street

with an estimated 50,000 other revelers and bubbling with anticipation

for the Fremont Summer Solstice Parade. 'Are there skeletons? I like

scary stuff.' Few came to this weekend's 30th annual Fremont Fair

solely for monsters. Some came for the foods of faraway places. Others

came to peruse the fair's offerings, which included rusted lawn

ornaments, weather vanes, tarot readings and 6-pound jars of beeswax.


Others came for the parade's pagan, tribal rhythms or the Art Car Expo,

where automobiles were welded, painted and sculpted to look like

volcanoes or native ruins or anything else the artist had in mind. What

everyone saw was not only the sun - a welcomed appearance at this

celebration of summer - but also the free-expression, protest-loving

sentiments of Fremont, one of Seattle's most artistic neighborhoods.


"There was no better illustration of the fair's quirkiness than in its

parade - with its wild costumes, floats and giant puppets - and nude

bicyclists, which led to a flap over the permit for this year's parade.

Before the city issued this year's parade permit, police said they have

gotten numerous complaints about the nude cyclists every year. They

asked the Fremont Arts Council to post signs along the parade route

warning cyclists, who are not a sanctioned part of the parade, about

laws against indecent exposure. The council said no, even though

members discouraged the nudity. In 1998, two bikers in the buff were

arrested. None were arrested this year..."






Title: "Fremont shows its sunny side"

Author: Reid Forgrave

Cost: No

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According to a June 15th story in the Atlanta Business Chronicle ,

""The state government's plans to start an annual world-class bicycle

race shift into high gear this month. The Georgia Department of

Industry, Trade and Tourism is scheduled June 29 to award a contract,

potentially worth up to $10 million, to a company that will help the

state coordinate and conduct the event. The department was scheduled to

open bids for the contract June 14.


"Billed as the Tour de Georgia, the first road race could be held as

early as next year, according to specifications the department issued

in May. State officials want the race to promote tourism in the state,

stimulate economic development and promote cycling. 'It is the intent

of the state of Georgia that this event ... will grow into the premiere

professional cycling event in the United States,' documents state..."




Search: http://atlanta.bcentral.com:80/atlanta/search.html

Title: "Tour de Georgia picking up speed"

Author: Jim Lovel

Cost: No

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And now for something completely different:


According to the website of the International Association of Drunk

Bastards, "We put the fun back in disFUNctional." Get your t-shirt now!

(Short sleeve: $12 plus shipping)






A May 2001 report by William (Skip) Outcalt of the Colorado Department

of Transportation Research Branch; sponsored by the CDOT and FHWA. "The

study recommends using the standard design rumble strip with gaps,

grinding the grooves to a depth of 3/8 inch ( 1/8 inch). This depth

provides a relatively high level of sound and vibration in motor

vehicles and can be crossed by a bicycle without causing loss of

control." Downloadable as PDF files (whole report; report w/o

appendices; individual appendices) from:


(Note: whole file is over 12mb in size.)




"Over the years, it has become apparent that growth patterns actually

play a more important role in causing urban sprawl than population

growth itself. Replacing urban sprawl with more compact and efficient

patterns of growth on the urban edge and directing growth inward

through infill development and neighborhood revitalization can

accommodate the same number of people on much less land..." PDF of full

report may be downloaded and the Executive Summary may be viewed at:




A presentation made to the Montgomery County Blue Ribbon Panel on

Pedestrian and Traffic Safety Community Forum on Pedestrian Safety on

June 6, 2001. Marie is a well-known (and well-informed) pedestrian

advocate. As she says, "It is shocking that the US could have enough

dead pedestrians to fill twenty jumbo jets a year and at the same time

have safety experts and politicians saying that safety was their top

priority, yet not mention this. What could account for this?"




A paper prepared by Dr. Leon James and Dr. Diane Nahl of the University

of Hawaii for an online Drivers.com conference on aggressive driving.

"...Aggressive driving is on the increase because it is a learned habit

that is transmitted from one generation to the next, and reinforced in

the media. Unchecked, the incidence and severity of aggressive driving

and road rage are expected to continue to rise. The new aggressive

driving legislation and new law enforcement programs are putting more

pressure on millions of drivers to modify their traffic emotions, their

competitive mode of driving, and their acceptance of high-risk that

they are willing to impose on others around them. The re-education and

continued training of the nation's 177 million drivers must be a

priority. Given adequate tools and motivation, most drivers can train

themselves to be less competitive and more obedient to traffic

regulations..." Can be read online or downloaded at:




A report by the Department of the UK Environment, Transport and the

Regions, intended as "a working guide for the people who will put

policy into action. It is based on the work of an advisory group* drawn

together from a wide range of organisations with interests in the

issues." Report can be downloaded as a PDF from:




An article by the editors of Drivers.com that suggests "North American

engineers, impressed by the efficiency and safety of modern

roundabouts, are ... following suit [by developing roundabouts].

British Columbia has had some in place for a decade, and roundabouts

have recently been built in California, Colorado, Florida, Maryland,

Nevada, and Vermont. Many more are on the drawing boards..."




As we enter the age of hyper-cyber-autos ("On-Star, how may we help

you, Batman?"), it may be worth considering the aging of the Baby

Boomer generation and how they'll interact with all the gizmos.

According to this article on the Drivers.com website, "In-car

technologies may require more time for older drivers to use, raising

their risk levels when driving." Eh? How's that?





July 3-6, 2001,Environmental Design Research Association

(EDRA) Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland. Info: EDRA,

P.O. Box 7146, Edmond, OK 73083-7146, voice: (405)330-4863

fax: (405)330-4150, email: edra@telepath.com

website: http://www.telepath.com/edra/home.html


July 13, 2001, Maine Bike Paths Conference: Shared Use

Paths for Maine Communities, Bath, ME. Info: Bicycle Coalition

of Maine, PO Box 5275, Augusta, ME 04332,

voice: (207) 623-4511 email: BCM@BikeMaine.org


July 28-31, Great Parks - Great Cities Conference, New York City, NY.

Info: Project for Public Spaces, 153 Waverly Place, 4th floor, New

York, NY 10014, voice: 212 620-5660, fax: 212 620-3821, email:


website: http://www.pps.org/conference.htm


August 3-5, 2001, Bikefest 2001 - LAB's National Rally,

Altoona, PA. Info: League of American Bicyclists, voice:

(202) 822-1333, email: bikeleague@bikeleague.org

website: http://www.bikeleague.org/rallies/rallies.html


August 16-18, 2001, First National Congress of Pedestrian

Advocates, Oakland, CA. Info: AmericaWalks, email:


website: http://americawalks.org/news/congress/


September 13-16, 2001, Rail~Volution: Envisioning the New

Frontier, San Francisco, CA. Info: (503) 823-6870.

website: http://www.railvolution.com/ataglance.htm


September 17-21, 2001, Velo-city 2001, Edinburgh/Glasgow,

Scotland. Info: Meeting Makers Ltd, Jordanhill Campus, 76

Southbrae Drive, Glasgow G13 1PP, Scotland, voice: 0141 434

1500 fax: 434 1519, e-mail: Velo_city@meetingmakers.co.uk

website: http://velo-city2001.org/


September 21-22, 2001, New Zealand Cycling Conference 2001,

Chateau on the Park, Christchurch. Call for Papers out now.

Info: NZ Cycling Conference, PO Box 237, Christchurch, NZ,

voice: 03 371 1472, fax: 03 371 1864. email:



September 26-29, 2001, TrailLink 2001: the 3rd

International Trails and Greenways Conference,

St. Louis, MO. Info: Rails- to-Trails Conservancy,

voice: (202) 974-5152, email: rtcconf@transact.org

website: http://www.railtrails.org


October 4-6, 2001, Innovative Approaches to Understanding

and Influencing Physical Activity, Dallas, TX. Info: The

Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX.



September 3-6, 2002, ProBike/Prowalk 02, the 12th Inter-

national Symposium on Bicycling and Walking, St. Paul, MN.

website: http://www.bikewalk.org





The person hired will coordinate a statewide resource center that

promotes community environments supportive of walking and bicycling;

work with marketing professionals to develop a community-based

marketing campaign; catalogue on-line and printed resources so they are

accessible to a variety of clients, including local government

officials, public health staff, community planners, and citizen

advocates; and work with project partners to publicize the Center's

diverse services and products. Closing date: July 3rd.

For more information, contact Anne Seeley, Active Communities

Coordinator, University of California San Francisco:




Under limited supervision, develops and manages the State Bicycle and

Pedestrian Ways Plan, independently conducts professional multimodal

transportation planning studies for all rural and small urban areas

within an assigned portion of the state. Minimum Training and

Experience include completion of a college major in civil engineering

at a four year college or university and one year of work experience at

the Transportation Engineer II level. For more information, go to:




The Rails-to-Trails Conservancy (RTC) seeks to fill the position of

Manager of the National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse

(NTEC). The NTEC is a partnership project between RTC and the Federal

Highway Administration (FHWA). The Manager is primarily responsible for

the daily operations of the Clearinghouse and for carrying out NTEC's

research projects and product development. For full description see





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e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling &



Contributors: Bill Wilkinson, Peter Moe, Charles Komanoff,

Ellen Vanderslice

Editor: John Williams Send news items to: john@montana.com

Director: Bill Wilkinson


National Center for Bicycling & Walking 1506 21st St NW,

Suite 200, Washington D.C. 20036 Voice: (202) 463-6622

Fax: (202) 463-6625

Email: ncbw@bikefed.org 

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