#165 Wednesday, December 27, 2006


CenterLines is the bi-weekly e-newsletter of the National Center for
Bicycling & Walking. CenterLines is our way of quickly delivering news
and information you can use to create more walkable and
bicycle-friendly communities. Check online for additional stories:

----- Thunderhead Alliance Benchmarking Project Underway!

----- Ontonagon (MI) Bike/Ped/Car Bridge Finally Opens
----- Cities Changing One-Way Streets Back to Two-Way
----- Chikaming Twp. (IN) Eyes Village Center Zoning
----- Chicago (IL) to Focus Enforcement on Arrogant Drivers
----- Alan Durning & Family of Ballard (WA) Walk the Walk
----- Bowling Green (KY) Plans 68 Miles of Sidewalks
----- Former Resident Asks "What Happened to Rochester?" (NY)
----- IKEA Retail Chain Gives UK Employees Free Bikes
----- "Dramatic Steps" Needed to Stem U.S. Obesity Epidemic
----- New York (NY) Temp Roadway May Become Bike, Walk Path
----- Hartford (CT) Courant Pans State Viaduct Plans
----- Leaders Weigh Impact of "Graying of Carson City (NV)"
----- Grass Lake (MI) Schools Get Students Walking
----- Making Trans. Alternatives a Penn. Funding Priority
----- Neal Peirce Praises Two "Extraordinary Towns"

Note: We've begun publishing CenterLines earlier in the week, so that readers will get their issues before the weekend. Let us know what you think of the idea!


-> According to an article in the Dec. 20th Thunderhead's Weather
Report, "Many of you who represent state organizations and
organizations that serve one of the 50 most populous U.S. cities have
received our data collection forms for your state and/or city as well
as for your Thunderhead organization. Your help with these data
collection forms is extremely important to the project.

"Our data collection team has been digging into the census, NHTS, ACS,
FARS, CDC and all the other sources at the national level, but as all
of you know all too well, much of the most important data resides in
state and local offices. Thanks to all of you who are helping. If you
did not receive these forms and would like to help, please email Sue
Knaup, Thunderhead's Executive Director, sue 'at'

"All Thunderhead organizations and other helpers who assist with the
project will be acknowledged in the report, scheduled for publication
by fall of 2007, and will be the first to receive free copies of the
report to show your government agency representatives exactly where
your state or city lies in comparison to the rest of the nation in
providing for bicycling and walking.

"Funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
combined with funding from Bikes Belong, Planet Bike and the NBDA has
made this exciting progress possible. We thank these generous funders
as well as our invaluable researchers at Rutgers University, our
partners at the Institute of Transportation Engineers, and our partners
at the CDC, who have all done so much to ensure we chose the best data
sets and sources to reveal the true picture of the impact of the built
environment on bicycling and walking in the U.S."

For more info., visit:

-> "I have always wished for a computer that would be as easy to use as
my telephone. My wish came true. I no longer know how to use my
-- Bjarne Stroustrup

About articles and archives: Most newspapers allow readers free access to articles for a week or two. After that, many charge a per-article fee. These, we identify as having an archive cost. Some papers don't charge regardless of how old an article is. These, we identify as not having an archive cost.


-> According to a Dec. 26th Daily Globe article, "The saga of the new
bridge over the Ontonagon River has been in the news for more than 15
years. This year, the long-awaited bridge was built and opened. Perhaps
nothing since the closing of the White Pine Mine in the 1990s has had
such an impact on the Ontonagon area. Vic Keefer, now 100 years old,
said 15 years ago he would 'never live long enough to ride over the new
promised bridge.' He did, the first person over the bridge at its
dedication over Labor Day weekend. The Michigan Department of
Transportation and the people of the area had discussed, and in some
cases argued, over the placement of the bridge for years. Six possible
sites were narrowed to three, but there was never a consensus in the
community. Petitions were signed on both sides of the issue.

"The state felt a bridge at its present site would be too costly since
it would have to open for river traffic to the marina. Another group
did not want the bridge in the downtown area because it did not want
traffic to pass in front of the Ontonagon Elementary School. The
downtown community and developers were adamant that bypassing the
business community would spell its doom. In the end, MDOT decided where
the bridge would be and it does bypass the business district by about
two blocks. At the start of the discussions 15 years ago, estimated
costs were $12 million. By the time the bridge was built, the final
price tag was $27 million...The bridge features 13 spans and includes a
popular 12-foot pedestrian lane that can also accommodate a trail
groomer and snowmobile traffic in the winter months. The walking path
has already proved popular at all times of the day..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/yftwz5
Archive search: No archives found
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Title: "2006 in review: Struggle over new Ontonagon bridge finally came
to a conclusion"
Author: Jan Tucker


-> According to a Dec. 20th USA Today article, "More traffic will be
coming to downtown Danville, Ill. -- and that's how Danville wants it.
The city of 33,000 is converting some of its longtime one-way streets
back to two-way thoroughfares. City officials hope the change will make
it easier for customers to reach downtown stores and shop in them. 'The
driving force behind it is economic development,' says city engineer
David Schnelle, who expects to reprogram signals, change pavement
markings and change signs by November 2007. He says motorists tend to
drive faster on one-way streets and go past their destinations, then
lose time and patience backtracking.

"Danville is one of hundreds of cities -- from Berkeley, Calif., to
Charleston, S.C. -- switching one-way streets to two-way to improve
commerce downtown, according to the American Planning Association in
Chicago. The trend got rolling in the early 1990s and has expanded this
year to bigger cities such as Miami, Dallas and Minneapolis. It's part
of the reinvention of former industrial cities, which are converting
empty factories into loft housing and trying to convince suburbanites
that downtowns are livable...'There's a lot of emphasis now on taming
the automobile and emphasizing walking and biking. It's all part of
creating a place that people want to be,' says Marya Morris of the
American Planning Association. 'The bigger pieces are the major
downtown housing booms and having things for people to do after 5.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y5uxo8
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/lx8c3
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Title: "Many cities changing one-way streets back"
Author: Melanie Eversley


-> According to a Dec. 21st Tribune article, "It's an economic
development maxim: Where new homes rise and new residents settle, new
commercial developments soon follow to serve them. That prospect is a
mixed blessing for Chikaming Township planning officials, who've seen
tens of millions of dollars of new residential development in their
small community, especially near Lake Michigan, in the past 36 months.
Anticipating a surge of commercial growth chasing all those potential
new customers, members of the township's Planning Commission are taking
a closer look at zoning options along the Red Arrow Highway commercial
corridor. The corridor includes a ribbon of undeveloped wooded lots and
mixed development, some dating back nearly 100 years, that crosses the
township in a direct line from Warren Dunes State Park at the northeast
edge to Union Pier at the southwest.

"Along its path are Chikaming's unincorporated communities of Sawyer,
Harbert, Lakeside and Union Pier and well-defined commercial centers
clustered between each village center. Surrounding each village center
are some vacant tracts of land that planners know will attract more
residential and commercial development. 'While we don't want to make
anyone's property unbuildable, we do want to avoid urban sprawl along
Red Arrow Highway,' said Planning Commission Chair Tamara Samuels, as
she outlined a proposed 'town center' initiative...They'd like to see
'safe, walkable residential developments' established on the vacant
properties nearest the town centers and commercial communities, said
Zoning Administrator Betsy Bohac..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/szg5y
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/y6bpqv
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Title: "Township eyes zoning cost"
Author: Kate Sheridan


-> According to a Dec. 18th Tribune article, "Attention, drivers who
rip around corners without yielding to pedestrians: Starting in the
spring, city officials posing as pedestrians will be sent to
high-accident intersections as part of a new crackdown on motorists who
endanger walkers. 'We all have families with children and elderly
members, who are the most vulnerable in traffic situations. We are
trying to cool tempers that flare when people get behind the wheel and
remind drivers that they cannot treat pedestrians as if they were just
another vehicle on the street,' said Cheri Heramb, acting commissioner
at the Chicago Department of Transportation. On average more than one
pedestrian is killed in a traffic accident each week in Chicago.
Accidents involving pedestrians in the city have dropped from 4,478
incidents in 2000 to 3,632 in 2004, the most recent year for which data
are available from the Illinois Department of Transportation. But some
experts say the drop could partly be a sign that fewer people are
walking city streets out of fear of getting hit.

"Officials from the city Transportation Department and the Office of
Emergency Management and Communications are working with Chicago Police
Department commanders on an approach to carry out stings on motorists
who drive dangerously near walkers at hazardous intersections. But the
Police Department has not yet committed to using plainclothes officers
to pose as pedestrians, said police spokeswoman Monique Bond. It could
be city traffic-control aides working with uniformed police, officials
said. At first, warning citations will be issued to drivers who fail to
yield to pedestrians. Tougher steps would follow, officials said. The
city had been focusing on decreasing pedestrians' risks, but the effort
gained momentum in May after a hit-and-run driver struck and killed a
4-year-old girl, Maya Hirsch, who was walking with her family near
Lincoln Park Zoo. Mayor Richard Daley named Heramb co-chair of the
newly formed Mayor's Pedestrian Advisory Council, which will meet in
January for the first time..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y2o3x6
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/el2wv
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Title: "Arrogant drivers best look both ways"
Author: Jon Hilkevitch


-> According to a Dec. 26th Centre Daily article, "When Alan Durning's
son, Gary, totaled their ancient Volvo last February and the insurance
company sent a munificent replacement check for $594, his family made a
decision that would land them on national TV: They would go for a year
without a car. CNN's Anderson Cooper featured it partly as a protest
against gas prices (it really wasn't), and the camera crew followed
Alan and his wife in a mammoth van, creeping at 3 miles an hour as they
walked -- walked! -- the eight blocks from their Ballard, Wash.,
bungalow to the neighborhood's business district. Their decision
sounded so outlandish that Fox Network's 'Trading Spouses' offered them
$50,000 if Durning would wife-swap for a few days on TV, presumably with
a materialistic Hummer-hugger. The family turned them down after
concluding the other spouse would be so nutty it would likely amount to
'televised child abuse.' The Seattle Weekly's Knute Berger praised the
experiment but charged that the Durnings were 'mooching' by accepting
rides from friends. Seattle Times columnist Danny Westneat noted that
Durning was being portrayed by the media as a 'carless freak.' The
environmentalist's blog on his experiment** has drawn a steady stream
of comment and debate.

"It couldn't happen to a more boring guy. Which makes Durning, his
wife, Amy, and their three children - Gary, 19, Kathryn, 13, and Peter,
12 - so interesting. They're a typical middle-class Seattle family
trying to live the values their dad promotes as founder and director of
a downtown environmental think tank called Sightline, but in a way we
other boring people could emulate. They don't live in a yurt, march in
Birkenstocks or subsist on tofu. Alan has a respectable professional
salary. Kathryn's father makes a living as an environmental thinker,
and her grandparents were prominent environmentalists, but she, for
one, doesn't like camping. 'It's dirty.' They go to soccer practice
(and buy players Slurpees), rent DVDs, bribed Kathryn and Peter with
cell phones to go along with the carless experiment, and give each
other presents at Christmas. Just not so many. Amy recalled that it was
a little awkward when, after agreeing with relatives to 'try to
de-escalate the arms race of holiday gift-giving,' they gave candied
nuts -- and got back a breadmaker. Who knew to take their pledge

Source: http://tinyurl.com/yx9or7
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Title: "Keeping it simple isn't so simple"
Author: William Dietrich

**Durning's blog: http://www.sightline.org/carless


-> According to a Dec. 23rd Daily News article, "A draft sidewalk plan
by city staff envisions filling many short gaps, then running long
corridors through established neighborhoods to link major roads, parks
and schools. 'A lot of what we're trying to do is really fill in,
because we get a more effective system for the dollar where we make
those short links, where there may be a gap in a sidewalk,' City
Engineer Jeff Lashlee said. The plan, shown to Bowling Green city
commissioners at a Dec. 5 nonvoting work session, includes proposals to
fill in gaps along Third Avenue downtown and various spots throughout
the city, then building long new sidewalks -- some only on one side of
the street, some on both -- all along Covington Avenue, Westen Avenue,
Oliver Drive, Kensington Way, Ironwood Drive, Sherwood Way, Scott Lane,
Ridgecrest Way, Emmett Avenue, Hunting Creek Drive, Old Morgantown
Road, Russellville Road, Whispering Hills Boulevard, Rock Creek Drive,
Shawnee Way and several others. Altogether, it proposes building 68
miles of sidewalks. The Public Works Department's rough estimate for
all that: $29 million, almost one-third of the city's current annual

"Right now, the city spends $100,000 a year on sidewalks, but that only
buys two to four blocks - enough to replace sidewalks as they wear out,
but not to build much new mileage. That means any substantial sidewalk
plan will take major new investment. In other words, if the city merely
doubled what it spends on sidewalks, completing the whole plan would
take 145 years. 'It's fairly expensive to put sidewalks in,' Lashlee
said. 'That has to be a variable in all of this.' How quickly new
sidewalks get built will be determined by how much money elected
officials agree to put into it each year, Lashlee said. Public Works
crews are kept busy enough with repair work, meaning major sidewalk
construction would have to be done by private contractors. Still, the
city's elected officials have told staff they see a need for sidewalks,
and want to make the city more walkable. In addition to the health
benefits of walking, sidewalk use takes cars off roads, helping relieve
Bowling Green's chronic traffic problems, Lashlee said..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y9dtyf [registration required]
Archive search: Same as above
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Title: "Sidewalk plan spans 68 miles, would cost city third of budget"
Author: Jim Gaines


-> In a Dec. 22nd Democrat & Chronicle op-ed, Pamela Simon wrote, "I am
proud to say that I was born and raised in Rochester. When I visit the
Flower City, I eat at Rubino's, shop at House of Guitars with my son,
enjoy the new exhibits at the Memorial Art Gallery and stroll along
Park Avenue. I also spend a good deal of time in our downtown core,
recalling the hustle and bustle of Main Street, Christmas shopping at
Sibley's and holiday lunches at the Manhattan Restaurant. I have had
the pleasure of viewing concerts in some of the finest opera houses in
the world, and our Eastman Theatre is certainly ranked among them.
However, it saddens me now to see the downtown streets devoid of their
former magic. Greater Rochester is now so vast that a car is a necessit
y, and sadly, most young Rochesterians know only mall culture. Food
courts simply cannot compare to Sibley's top-floor restaurant.

"What happened to Rochester? I have lived in Canada for 29 years and,
although I am still an American, I tend to think more like a Canadian
in terms of urban pride and development. Rochester, like many American
cities, seems to have devolved rather than evolved. To solve this
problem, tourism and urban renewal should be primary concerns in city
budget discussions. Rochester has a great deal to offer, but it is not
tourist-friendly in terms of clear instructions, transportation or a
vibrant downtown core. Tourists flock to New York City and Boston for a
variety of reasons but most importantly, these cities are easily
accessible on foot or by public transportation. Tour guides are readily

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y4cqts
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/dc3e9
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Take tarnish off downtown Rochester"
Author: Pamela Simon


-> According to a Dec. 16th Independent article, "IKEA, the Swedish
retail chain, showed its green credentials yesterday by giving all
9,000 of its workers a free bicycle. The store handed out the œ139
fold-up bike and offered a 15 per cent subsidy on public transport at
its Christmas breakfast. Last year the Christmas present was a portable
DVD player and in 2004 staff received an MP3 player. This year the
flatpack furniture specialist decided that giving a bike would send a
strong environmental message.

"The bicycle is the store's second high-profile green gesture this year
following its decision to introduce a charge for plastic bags and
encourage reusable ones. Plastic bag take-up at checkouts is down by 97
per cent. 'We want to create a better everyday life for the many, and
do what we can to make greener living possible,' IKEA's UK manager,
Peter Hogsted, said. 'The bike is a fun present but there is a serious
message. We all have a responsibility to do what we can to protect the

Source: http://tinyurl.com/tls2k
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Title: "Ikea gives staff chance to get on their bikes"
Author: Martin Hickman


-> According to a Dec. 26th USA Today article, "There was bad news, and
then more bad news, about Americans' weight gain...One-third of
children and teens in the USA -- about 25 million kids -- are either
overweight or on the brink of becoming so, the highest number ever
recorded, the government said in April. Extra pounds put children at an
increased risk of being overweight adults and developing type 2
diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, cancer and other health
problems...Even babies in the USA are heavier than they used to be, a
report found, adding to the growing concern that childhood obesity is
spiraling out of control.

"Other news that sounded alarms:
- Many children are overeating or under-exercising by about 110 to 165
calories a day.
- One-third of the USA's adolescents are unfit, and overweight teens
are more likely to fail a cardiovascular fitness test than those at a
normal weight.
- Childhood obesity will get far worse if dramatic steps aren't taken,
a report from the Institute of Medicine said. It declared that efforts
now to improve children's diets and increase their physical activity
are fragmented and recommended that the president appoint a high-level
task force to coordinate the efforts of federal agencies.

"The problem is one of the 21st century's 'most critical public health
issues,' says Jeffrey Koplan, chairman of the report committee. 'There
is no one segment of society that's going to solve this alone. It has
to be a concerted, coordinated effort. That's one of the things that's
missing now.' The news is pretty grim for adult Americans, too. About
two-thirds of adults, about 136 million people, are overweight or
obese, the government said. Public health officials fear an explosion
in obesity-related health problems. Other research found that
overweight Americans are sicker late in life than normal-weight people
and die prematurely. One study concluded that obese women spend an
average of three more years in ill health than normal-weight women.
Heavy men, on average, are sicker one more year than their thinner

Source: http://tinyurl.com/yacs2f
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/lx8c3
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Weight gains as a health concern"
Author: Nanci Hellmich


-> According to a Dec. 26th Times article, "A temporary detour route on
the Franklin D. Roosevelt Drive that extends 25 feet over the East
River would be remodeled into a waterfront park under a plan being
studied by the Bloomberg administration. The Outboard Detour Roadway,
completed in 2004 from roughly 54th to 63rd Street while that section
of the drive was being refurbished, had been scheduled to be dismantled
last month. Now, though, city officials are pressing to use the
abandoned 2,500-foot strip of roadway to extend the esplanade around
Manhattan to a portion of waterfront currently inaccessible to
pedestrians and cyclists. The plan, in its very early stages, calls for
demolishing all but the roadway's westernmost underwater support beams
and building a new structure that would not extend as far over the

"The new park would probably be at most 20 feet wide, city officials
said, enough room for bicycle lanes and a narrow pedestrian walkway.
Advocates say the result would be akin to the High Line park being
developed out of an abandoned elevated railway line on the West Side,
although it would be much smaller, and over water. 'It is on the water,
it is already built, and we would like to have a nice bikeway, a nice
walkway that would connect to the rest of the esplanade,' said Lyle
Frank, chairman of the local community board. 'This is a tremendous
opportunity to do it.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ychozs
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Title: "Temporary Roadway for Cars May Be Transformed Into Permanent
Refuge From Them"
Author: Timothy Williams


-> According to a Dec. 22nd Courant editorial, "The decision in the
1960s to build I-84 through the heart of Hartford was arguably the
worst planning decision in the city's long history. The interstate
highway isolated the North End and limited downtown expansion, cut off
Asylum Hill from the Capitol area, took out magnificent buildings and
turned once-walkable streets into crowded highway ramps. It was
sacrificing the place for the means to move through it. With the
elevated portion of the highway, called the Aetna Viaduct, nearing the
end of its useful life, there is finally a chance to redesign the road
to ameliorate some of the collateral damage. But no, the hidebound
state Department of Transportation plans to patch it up and leave it as
is, at great taxpayer expense. Will there ever come a point when
someone at DOT realizes there is more to road building than moving
cars? The 3,200-foot viaduct was built in 1965. It is used relentlessly
by nearly 130,000 cars a day, and is wearing out.

"DOT engineers met with local officials on Nov. 29 and unveiled a plan
to repair the viaduct in place, at a cost of $100 million. The DOT
people said they didn't believe they could get the money for a larger
project, and that the viaduct's condition, while not yet a danger,
warrants immediate attention. The repairs will extend the life of the
viaduct for 10 to 20 years, meaning that another generation of city
residents will have to live with this great concrete barrier. That
highways have a walling effect wasn't well understood in 1965, perhaps,
but it is now. Departments of transportation around the country are
paying attention to 'context sensitive solutions,' to how road
construction affects the community around it. Some major cities are
removing highways to re-knit their urban fabric. But over at the
Connecticut DOT, they must still be wearing bellbottoms and watching
'Green Acres' on TV..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/u2l3c
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/pmknk
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Title: "Compounding A Bad Decision"
Author: Editorial Board


-> According to a Dec. 21st Nevada Appeal article, "Projections
indicate Carson City's population will grow and become grayer.
Officials expect the city to reach a population of 75,000 within the
next 20 years. The number of seniors living here also will increase
substantially. These two trends will have 'a major impact on how we
design out communities,' said Lee Plemel, the city's principal planner.
He told Planning Commissioners on Wednesday that other communities are
dealing with this by encouraging mixed-use development. Combinations of
residential, retail and commercial uses are becoming viable -- and
visible -- in many communities across the country, he said. The U.S.
population is expected to reach 66 million people older than 65 by 2030
-- almost double the number in the early 1990s. Mixed-use neighborhoods
will allow seniors -- and other people who don't like having to drive --
to walk to stores and other businesses. It's a design movement dubbed
'walkable urbanity,' Plemel said. The city devised some mixed-use
policies for its master plan adopted this year, and is planning for
these types of developments along major traffic corridors and the

"And work continues on a mixed-use code for downtown, to begin
circulating around the community early next year. Discussion about
implementing mixed-use zoning is expected to follow, Plemel told the
commissioners. Different uses don't necessarily have to be combined in
one building; they can be in neighboring structures or even across the
street from one another. And the buildings can be single- or
multi-story buildings, Plemel said. Ensuring areas are created so
residents have adequate pedestrian access to services and public
transit is crucial, said Walter Sullivan, the city's community
development director. Commissioner Steve Reynolds warned that some
developers might see mixed-use as 'a fast lane to higher density.'
Reynolds also stressed the need for buffer zones between neighborhoods
where mixed uses occur. At least, said Commissioner Craig Mullet, areas
between high- and low-density neighborhoods will need to be designed
'transitionally' -- with open layouts -- to allow for gradual changes
in density..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y98sz4
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/yysge8
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Title: "Carson City's future looks bigger and more gray"
Author: Terri Harber


-> According to a Dec. 26th Citizen Patriot article, "Leaders at George
Long Elementary School in Grass Lake realized last year it would do a
lot of good if more kids walked or rode bikes to school. 'It started
with our wellness committee,' said Principal Darcel Hall. 'We worked on
our lunches, made them more healthy. But we realized we needed an
exercise component, too.' Health benefits aside, there also was a
practical reason to encourage students to walk. 'We have a small
parking lot, and it's very congested when parents drop off students,'
Hall said. 'That's one of the reasons I got involved.' In January,
George Long Elementary will become the first school in Jackson County
-- and one of the first in Michigan -- to request money under the $16
million Safe Routes to School program.

"Grant money would pay to install sidewalks, improve bicycle parking,
add crossing guards and take other steps to encourage walking and
bicycling. George Long is one of five Jackson County schools registered
in the Safe Routes to School program, one of the highest numbers for
any county in the state, said Kristin Hendricks, executive director of
the Fitness Council of Jackson. Forty-eight schools statewide were
registered as of Oct. 11...State transportation leaders find reasons
beyond fitness to promote walking. 'They want to reduce traffic
congestion,' said Hendricks, who coordinates the Safe Routes to School
program with schools in Jackson County. 'Twenty-five percent of traffic
in the morning is people driving kids to school.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y57zpc
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Title: "Area schools taking steps to get students into walking"
Author: Brad Flory


-> In a Dec. 21st Philadelphia Inquirer op-ed piece, Peter Javsicas
wrote, "Voters across America are saying yes to investments in
transportation alternatives. They want alternatives to
ever-more-expensive driving, ever-longer commutes, ever-more traffic d
eaths and injuries. They want alternatives to downtowns choked with
cars, trucks and pollution. Whether it's buses, light rail, regional
and high-speed trains, transit villages or just plain walkable,
bikeable communities, Americans are willing to invest. In November,
voters in 13 states approved 21 of 30 state and local transit-related
ballot initiatives -- for about $40 billion in spending, according to
the American Public Transportation Association (http://www.apta.com).
In the 2004 elections, the public approved 80 percent of such spending

"From 1995 to 2005, transit ridership grew nationally by 25.1 percent,
and 3.2 percent more in the first six months of this year, according to
the Center for Transportation Excellence (http://www.cfte.org).
Ridership has gone up similarly here in Pennsylvania, says the American
Society of Civil Engineers, which compares third-quarter 2005
statistics with 2004: Philadelphia Regional Rail up 9.9 percent;
Philadelphia subway up 7.6 percent; Johnstown buses up 7.1 percent;
Lancaster County buses up 3 percent; Pittsburgh, all mass transit, up 3
percent; and State College bus use up 1.7 percent. When is
Pennsylvania's turn for funding increases? In November, Gov. Rendell's
Transportation Funding and Reform Commission made its recommendations,
including specific, plausible reform measures and their costs. When our
lawmakers in Harrisburg return to work next year, they need to respond
to these recommendations..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/yfu8vf
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Title: "Making transit a funding priority"
Author: Peter Javsicas


-> According to a Dec. 24th Neal Peirce commentary, "If Christmas is
about believing, so are two fascinating new American towns I've seen
this year. One is Prairie Crossing, a settlement of more than 400
traditionally designed homes and condos at a junction crossing of two
rail commuter lines 45 miles north of Chicago. Prairie Crossing is
proudly re-creating pockets of the wildflower-dotted prairies that once
thrived across Mid-America; simultaneously, with its easy rail
connection to the Chicago Loop and O'Hare, it aims to be a national
model of transit-oriented development. Almost 1,000 miles to the
southeast, on the banks of the Broad River near colonial Beaufort,
S.C., the new Habersham development offers classic, porch-rich Southern
architecture in a variety of houses, townhomes and condos. Habersham's
success in blending new construction into the semitropical Low Country
setting -- marsh-lined water edges and great live oaks, bedecked with
Spanish moss -- is close to breathtaking.

"Both communities have roots in the New Urbanist movement of focused
neighborhood development; famed architect Peter Calthorpe played a role
in Prairie Crossing's design while Andres Duany was Habersham's
planner. Houses are closer together, open and shared space more
prevalent, the layout walkable. Both are developing attractive town
centers for shops and civic functions. In an era of subdivision
exclusivity -- Habersham is not far from Hilton Head, birthplace of
U.S. gated communities -- both these new projects are designed with
easy roadway access to their surrounding communities. Prairie Crossing
established a K-8th grade public charter school; a third of the 360
students come from the community itself and the rest from surrounding
areas through carpools and lots of biking. Habersham, in a county with
South Carolina's most extreme levels of wealth and poverty, is planning
a charter school that would have noteworthy diversity of race and
family income..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y4346z
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Two extraordinary towns a genuine gift to the nation"
Author: Neal R. Peirce



-> "A man drops house keys repeatedly onto a stone. It looks like a
severe case of obsessive compulsive behaviour. Nearby, a group sits in
a circle, beating lengths of plastic tubing on the ground. Others
bounce around on space hoppers or string wooden beads. This unlikely
scene is a rehearsal for the latest venture from Stomp, the team that
swept audiences up in a surprise hit show that has made its way around
the world. They have demonstrated the percussive and rhythmic
versatility of brooms and garbage bins and they've now extended the
concept and raided not only the hardware store but the plumbing
suppliers and the kitchen cupboards, too.

"The Lost and Found Orchestra is just that -- an assembly of musicians
playing recycled objects refined and tuned to transform them into
musical instruments. Components include old-fashioned stand-up model
vacuum cleaners, the ubiquitous orange traffic cones that seem to close
off at least one lane of every motorway, bellows, bottles, lengths of
ventilation ducting, soup cauldrons and saws. Balloons also feature but
-- no kidding -- only green ones because the quality of the latex in
the purple ones has proved less musical..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/vh9ay

-> "The wife of a police officer killed on a bicycle ride to raise
money for fallen comrades has taken up her husband's cause..."

-> "Students in Buchanan, Harrison and other areas south of CE would
have safer access to school and a walking path to the YMCA. Those north
of CE would gain safer pedestrian access to the cinema and shopping

-> "According to police, Vandrager almost hit a man in the pedestrian
crosswalk forcing that man to run out of the way. Then Vandrager drove
toward the security guard stopping inches before hitting her..."

-> "The City Council this week cut ties with project developer Schafer
Richardson and in January is likely to begin soliciting a new developer
to create a walkable urban village in the city's northwest corner..."

-> "'You have to allow a special type of advertising that you do not
need in the other sections of town,' Potter said. 'It just gives the
feel of an old downtown.'..."

-> "The other morning I even saw one motorist drive backward a full
block on Fourth Street to get to a parking garage he had overshot..."

Slide presentation by Tim Arnade, SRTS Program Manager, FHWA.

"...Changing the Habits of an Entire Generation of School Children;"
slide presentation by Robin Stallings, Exec. Director, Texas Bicycle

"Youth Voice is the active, distinct, and concentrated ways young
people represent themselves throughout society;" by Adam Fletcher,
CommonAction; 2006. (1.2mb pdf)

"...Pedestrian Safety;" article by Morency & Cloutier, Univ. of
Montreal; Injury Prevention 2006;12:360-364;

Article by P. L. Jacobsen; Injury Prevention 2006;12:356-357;

Article in the December issue of T&E Bulletin, "News from the European
Federation for Transport and Environment."

"West Coast highway's fate has lessons for Auto State;" MLUI article by
Keith Schneider, Great Lakes Bulletin News Service.

"...Studies of Policies Intended to Reduce Motorized Travel, Fuel Use,
and Emissions;" Victoria Transport Policy Institute paper by Professor
Robert A. Johnston, reviewing the experience in dozens of metropolitan
regions and advanced industrial economies."
For more on the VTPI, go to:

Additional training opportunities are available on the National Center
for Bicycling & Walking web site. Add your own items to the on-line
calendar...it's quick and easy. Please be sure your calendar items
pertain to training and workshops in the bicycle, pedestrian, or
livable community fields. Go to:


-> January 11-12, 2007, Designing and Implementing Roundabouts, Las
Vegas, NV. Info: Susanna Fuerstenberg, Program Associate, U. of
Wisconsin College of Engineering, Dept. of Engr. Professional Dev.;
phone: (800) 462-0876; email: <fuersten@epd.engr.wisc.edu>.

-> January 21-25, 2007, TRB Annual Meeting, Washington D.C. Info:

-> February 5-6, 2007, International Conference on Roads and the
Environment, Geneva, Switzerland. Info: International Road Federation,
2, chemin de Blandonnet 1214 Vernier/Geneva, Switzerland; phone: +41 22
306 02 60; email: <abastienne@irfnet.org>

-> February 8-10, 2007, New Partners for Smart Growth, Los Angeles, CA.

-> February 22-24, 2007, 4th Annual Active Living Research Conference,
Coronado CA. Info: Amanda Wilson, Research Coordinator; phone:
619-260-5538; email: <awilson@projects.sdsu.edu>.

-> March 25-29, 2007, National Trust Main Streets Conference, Seattle,
WA. Info: Mary de la Fe, Main Streets Conference Coordinator, National
Trust for Historic Preservation, 1785 Massachusetts Avenue, NW,
Washington, DC 20036; phone: (202) 588-6329; email:

-> April 14-18, 2007, American Planning Association National
Conference, Philadelphia, PA. Info:

-> June 12-15, 2007, Velo City International Bicycle Conference,
Munich, Germany. Info:

-> October 1-4, 2007, Walk21 International Conference, Toronto, ON,
Canada. Info:

One Less Car promotes bicycling and walking as viable modes of
transportation to create and enhance livable communities. Areas of
focus include program, financial and operations management, funding
development, community relations, advocacy, special events and Board
support. The ideal candidate will be an energetic self-starter who is
familiar with, or able to quickly learn, transportation policies,
planning, and best practices as they relate to livable communities,
bicycling and walking. The Executive Director will be the primary
representative liaison with state and federal agencies, advocacy
groups, and the general public.

Superb organizational, computer and communications skills are a must,
as is the knowledge and ability to work as a team with the Board of
Directors The Executive Director is the principal executive officer of
One Less Car. The ED advises, makes recommendations to, and assists in
formulating policies for the Board of Directors; implements Board
policies and directives; supervises and controls the business and
affairs of the organization; and has direct supervisory responsibility
for staff and volunteers. One Less Car, PO Box 19987, Baltimore, MD,
21211; phone: (410) 235-3678; website:

For a copy of the full job description, contact Mark Counselman at

One Less Car, Maryland's campaign for cycling and walking, is seeking
an individual to direct the organization's signature bicycling events.
This is a part-time position. Tour du Port is a one-day tour of
Baltimore in the fall attracting more than 1,500 participants and Cycle
Across Maryland is a four-day tour held during the summer at various
locations (2007's event is on the Eastern Shore) attracting more than
750 participants. One Less Car, PO Box 19987, Baltimore, MD, 21211;
phone: (410) 235-3678; website:

For a copy of the full job description, contact Mark Counselman at


Teach and conduct research in the area of health promotion and
technology related to physical activity, nutrition and wellness.
Required: Earned doctorate in Exercise & Wellness or related
discipline; teaching experience in health promotion and technology;
on-line teaching experience; evidence of experience conducting
independent research and being published in peer-reviewed journal(s)
appropriate to rank; skills/proficiency in technology (e.g., data base
and analysis software/presentation media); evidence of securing
external funding for research specialty appropriate to rank. Experience
mentoring MS or PhD students is preferred. Application deadline:
January 31, 2007; if not filled, then the end of each month thereafter
until search is closed.

Send letter of application, vita, and three names of references with
telephone numbers to: Catrine Tudor-Locke, Ph.D., Chair, Search
Committee Health Promotion and Technology, Department of Exercise and
Wellness, 7350 East Unity Ave, Mesa, Arizona 85212-0180.

send a blank email to <cl_subscribe@bikewalk.org>

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COPYING: We encourage you to copy our content as long as you identify the source in this way: "from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking."
Contributors: John Williams, Bill Wilkinson, Gary MacFadden, Mark Plotz, Sharon Roerty, Bob Chauncey, Chris Jordan, Anne Villacres, Ross Trethewey, Linda Tracy, Harrison Marshall, Jennifer Toole, Peter Lagerwey, Deb Hubsmith, John Sweeney, Kelly Rice, Russell Houston, and Hop Wilson.

Editor: John Williams
Send news items to: <john@montana.com>
Director: Bill Wilkinson
National Center for Bicycling & Walking, 8120 Woodmont Ave, Suite 520, Bethesda, MD 20814. Phone: (301) 656-4220; fax: (301) 656-4225; email: <info@bikewalk.org>
Web: http://www.bikewalk.org
List your local, statewide, and regional training events on NCBW's National Training Calendar:

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