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C-E-N-T-E-R-L-I-N-E-S

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#166 Wednesday, January 10, 2007

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CenterLines is the bi-weekly e-newsletter of the National Center for
Bicycling & Walking. CenterLines is our way of quickly delivering news
and information you can use to create more walkable and
bicycle-friendly communities. Check online for additional stories:
http://www.bikewalk.org/newsletter.php

F-E-A-T-U-R-E-S
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----- Speaking of Great Moves...
----- FHWA: Not Being All It Could Be
----- Traffic Justice Update
----- Draft Vermont Ped/Bike Policy Plan Completed
----- Active Living Resource Center Revises Website
----- Mass. Bike Bill Vetoed by Lt. Governor
----- NCBW Contract Project Updates
----- Sonoma Co. (CA) Coalition Hires Safe Routes Expert


I-N--T-H-E--N-E-W-S
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----- Atlanta (GA) Group to Produce Spanish-Language Safety Info
----- Honolulu (HI) Moves Ahead on Transit, Bike, Walk Agenda
----- Crystal River (FL) Walker Finally Gets His Sidewalk
----- Toronto (ON) "Nymbies" Delay Bike Lane Projects
----- Nashua (NH) Teen Works to Revitalize Neighborhood
----- Rowan Univ. to Study Pollution in School Buses
----- New Urbanism Trend Changing Nevada Co. (CA) Towns
----- Lafayette (LA) Focusing on Ped-Friendly Downtown

Correction: Last issue's "Quick Hit" entitled "Bike League Names Carmel
(Ca) 'Bicycle Friendly'" referred to the wrong Carmel. It should have
been Carmel, Indiana.


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F-E-A-T-U-R-E-S
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SPEAKING OF GREAT MOVES...

-> Over New Year's weekend the National Center for Bicycling & Walking
(NCBW) made its move ... down one floor. Oh yes, we're talking about
the Bethesda HQ location which now calls Suite 520 home. The street
address is still 8120 Woodmont Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814 and the
phone/fax/email are still the same; just a new suite number.

Contact info: http://bikewalk.org/contact.php


FHWA: NOT BEING ALL IT COULD BE
Commentary by Bill Wilkinson

-> I have worked for (as a contractor) and with the Federal Highway
Administration (FHWA) for close to 40 years. There have been good times
and not so good times; usually, it has been a matter of my wanting them
to do more than they are willing to do. Recently, there have been a
couple of examples of this ... disconnect, I'll call it, that I think
everyone should be aware of and think about. We -- the public -- are
NOT the primary focus and constituency of the FHWA. The State DOTs and
the agency's own agenda are. Two cases in point:


EXAMPLE 1: STEP PLAN
FHWA recently announced priorities and projects for the Surface
Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program
(STEP), which FHWA notes "will also be the sole source of SAFETEA-LU
funds available to conduct all FHWA research on planning and
environmental issues."
(See http://tinyurl.com/yk8pxu)

Of the $11.9 million for FY07, the total allocated for
bicycle/pedestrian issues is $70,000 (0.6%), and for safety is $80,000
(0.7%). But you'll find it easy to learn all about this and more at the
STEP and HEP web sites, and that there will be prudent fiscal
management of this $11.9 million research program, because FHWA has
allocated $1 million (8.4%) of the research budget for "program
management."

The League of American Bicyclists' Andy Clarke had this to say in a
recent response to FHWA about the announced STEP program plan:

"Recognizing that there have to be winners and losers in any process
like this, and that not all of one's wishes can be met, I have to say I
am hugely disappointed by the outcome of this process. I also
understand that there's less overall research funding available for
2006 and 2007 and that competition is fierce for these funds. However,
even between the two years of 2006 and 2007 there's a drop of $225,000
for FHWA research into nonmotorized transportation and the $178,000 for
the Transportation Enhancements clearinghouse is gone altogether in
2007. That's a more than $400,000 cut in funding.

"The remaining $70,000 for 2007 doesn't even begin to be sufficient --
even building on prior years work -- to address the yawning gap in
available data on nonmotorized travel that has existed for decades.

"I was also disappointed to see the 'It All Adds Up to Clean Air'
program is zeroed out in 2007.

"Perhaps you are going to tell me that a noticeable percentage of the
climate change funding will address these needs -- oh, wait. That
budget is cut almost in half!

"Sorry to be facetious, but it's hard to resist the temptation. Global
climate change is finally making it onto the national agenda; public
health remains a massive unresolved issue, and FHWA is slashing the
research budgets addressing these two issues? Can FHWA's entire
research budget on health-related issues really be $70,000 on
collecting more evidence that we don't collect adequate data on bicycle
and pedestrian travel?

"This doesn't seem right, somehow."

No, it doesn't, Andy. But, it makes it hard to support or believe that
the FHWA takes bicycling, walking, safety, and public health very
seriously. And, it is hard not to conclude that whatever FHWA staff is
assigned to these issues, they are not very effective at influencing
the agency's priorities and agenda.


EXAMPLE 2: RECISIONS -- SHOW ME WHERE THE MONEY WENT!
Last October, Tom Murtha of the Chicago MPO posted a question on one of
the listservs about how the various State DOTs have dealt with
Congressionally-mandated recisions for federal transportation funds.
Periodically, the Congress will direct that the amount of funds
authorized be reduced by some percentage. The FHWA allows each State
DOT to decide on its own what programs to take the required dollars
from to meet their required recision total. What this means is that if
they so choose, a State DOT can take ALL of it from CMAQ or
Transportation Enhancements or Safe Routes to School or whatever, and
not touch other programs.

And, would you believe that this is exactly what some State DOTs opted
to do? Shocking.

Now, back to Tom's question: how have the various DOTs been
distributing their recisions; that is, how many dollars did they take
from each of their various federal programs? Well, this seemed like a
pretty straightforward bit of data and certainly something of
significance, so I spent some time looking for this info on the FHWA's
web site. Nada. So, I sent John Fegan, USDOT/FHWA bike/ped program
manager, a request for help. John replied, "Let me look into it and
I'll let you know what I find."

He did: "I did look into this further. What I found out was that FHWA
does not publish a list of how each State chose to reduce funding to
deal with the recision requirement." Say what?

Here, in part, is what I wrote back to John: "I wanted to let you know
that I am very bothered about this. Such information is of great
importance to many folks and should be a matter of readily available
public record. For the FHWA to even suggest it is not tracking such
info is a breach of fiscal responsibility, and this is likely not the
case. So, it can only mean that FHWA does not want to share this
information with the public.

"This position isn't going to stand. If you wish, feel free to let
whomever know that I'm going to bring this to the attention of
Congressman Oberstar and his committee staff. I'll wait a couple of
weeks, so do let me know if there is any change of heart at FHWA on
this matter. It would be nice to simply have the FHWA do the right
thing -- that is, make all such data readily available on its web site
-- and avoid all this other bother."

Update: no further response from John or FHWA. Later this week I plan
to write to Congressman Oberstar, present the issue and problem, and
ask for the Committee's assistance to get the FHWA to do what they
should have already done. If this is the kind of data that you or your
agency would like to have access to, you might want to let the
Committee know that, too.

Meanwhile, let's all plan to keep a closer eye on the FHWA, AASHTO, and
the State DOTs. They don't necessarily share our priorities and
agenda. -- BW


TRAFFIC JUSTICE UPDATE

-> Bob Chauncey writes: 2006 was certainly a busy year, judging from a
quick review of calendar entries and the thick pile of expense reports
accumulated from all the trips taken. Thanks to all of our friends
throughout the US and Canada for allowing us to support their efforts
with workshops, presentations, trainings, lectures, bike and ped
planning advice, and other consulting opportunities.

Let me spend a few paragraphs talking about Traffic Justice, the issue
that will likely dominate my efforts and involve many of you in 2007.

We are a growing alliance of organizations and individuals seeking to
end the acceptance of over 40,000 traffic deaths a year in the United
States. We are outraged at the common belief that traffic crashes are
unavoidable "accidents" and are combining our forces to stop these
unacceptable and predictable crashes.

The Traffic Justice movement will be based on four defining principles.

1. The primary goal of our transportation system must be the prevention
of traffic crashes. We believe the traditional emphasis of US
transportation and safety agencies on making crashes safer through
technology has failed to achieve reductions in injuries and fatalities
on a par with the crash prevention efforts in other countries.

2. We offer instead the principle of Traffic Justice -- the expectation
of just and accountable conduct of all participants in our
transportation system. Our initiatives will require that drivers, car
manufacturers, road designers, elected officials, law enforcers,
community planners and others take specific actions toward preventing
traffic crashes. For example, some of the traffic justice changes we
are working toward would:

- require drivers to comply with all traffic laws and thereby hold
drivers fully accountable for their actions;
- require the installation of event data recorders and other law
enforcement technologies into cars and trucks to support the adherence
of traffic laws;
- require roads to be designed and built to dramatically reduce
speeding, while safely accommodating pedestrians and bicyclists;
- restrict any promotion of dangerous driving;
- assist in the passage of laws extending the privilege of driving only
to those who have not abused it;
- require law enforcement agencies to assign traffic law enforcement a
priority consistent with the importance of preventing traffic crashes
in the communities they serve;
- encourage community leaders to support developments likely to yield
shorter trips, fewer trips, and more walking, biking and public transit
to complete these trips.

3. The Traffic Justice Task Force and working groups will support and
deliver resources to an alliance of organizations and individuals. We
will work with and through these organizations rather than create an
entirely new organization.

4. We see as the outcome of a successful Traffic Justice movement a
sustainable safe transportation system that reduces traffic crashes to
such a low number that when a fatality or injury occurs the response is
as it should be: outrage, investigation as to the cause, and reparation
to the victims.

Let me know what you think of this statement. Also, contact me with
ideas on potential partners, potential funders, other campaign ideas,
etc. Look for a Traffic Justice workshop at the National Bike Summit in
March. Traffic Justice will also be a topic at Velo-city 2007 in Munich.

Oh, let me also brag about our new granddaughter -- born on Christmas
morning. Not a bad present, eh?

Hoping you are safe and well in 2007,
Bob Chauncey

Traffic Justice Information: http://www.bikewalk.org/tji.php


DRAFT VERMONT PED/BIKE POLICY PLAN COMPLETED


-> According to a recent news release, "The State of Vermont Agency of
Transportation (VTrans) has developed a draft Vermont Pedestrian and
Bicycle Policy Plan to promote bicycling and walking as an integral
part of the overall transportation network in Vermont.

"The plan provides a brief overview of the current status of bicycling
and walking in Vermont, followed by a description of VTrans' vision,
goals, objectives and overall policy relating to bicycling and walking
as components of the transportation system. It explains the various
actions that VTrans and other partners associated with improved
bicycling and walking in the State can take to reach the goals. In
addition, the plan outlines a series of performance measures that
VTrans can use to evaluate progress in achieving pedestrian and bicycle
system goals."

The Executive Summary and the full Draft Plan can be found here:
http://tinyurl.com/y8r8mz


ACTIVE LIVING RESOURCE CENTER REVISES WEBSITE

-> The ALRC has launched a completely revised website. There are more
community resources on how to increase bicycling and walking, and the
new navigation structure makes those even easier to find. The new
section on "Healthy Children" provides current information for
community groups on physical activity and nutrition for children and
young adults.
http://tinyurl.com/yawcq3

A new page has just been added on Wellness Policies and Programs. This
page will regularly feature local implementation stories and new grant
opportunities. The Safe Routes to School Resources have also recently
been updated to reflect the very latest offerings in the practice. Stay
tuned for a report on the ALRC City-SRTS Program, including details
from the five City-SRTS Pilot Workshops that were held this past fall
in Birmingham, Chicago and St. Paul. Thanks to NCBW's Chris Jordan for
the new look!
go to: http://tinyurl.com/yg2gkt


MASS. BIKE BILL VETOED BY LT. GOVERNOR

-> According to a recent note from Rosie Hunter, legislative aide to
Massachusetts Representative Anne Paulsen, "On Sunday Lt. Gov. Healey
vetoed our Bicycle Safety bill (previously the Bicyclists' Bill of
Rights and Responsibilities). Healey's veto message said: 'I support
increased awareness of bike safety, but I believe this bill is overly
regulative and represents an unwarranted governmental intrusion into
the recreational affairs of citizens.' Rep. Paulsen does not, of
course, agree with this, and feels it suggests a misunderstanding of
the bill and a forgetfulness that bicyclists are serious roadway users.
Despite this disappointment, all the hard work you have given in
support of this important legislation has been very much appreciated!!
And we are hoping the bill will be passed in the next legislative
session."

For details, go to:
http://tinyurl.com/y8s5ph


NCBW CONTRACT PROJECT UPDATES

-> While not as big a percentage of our annual work program as it once
was, the NCBW continues to serve as a consultant on bicycle and
pedestrian planning and development projects across North America. Last
week, Bill Wilkinson took part in a two-day work session in Lexington,
Kentucky, along with prime contractor Parsons Brinckerhoff and staff
from the MPO, to help craft the final recommendations for the new
long-range bicycle and pedestrian transportation plan element.

And, next week, Bill will be in Boston, working with prime contractor
Planners Collaborative and staff of the Massachusetts Executive Office
of Transportation (including old friend Josh Lehman), to begin shaping
the final focus on the Statewide Bicycle Plan Update. Meanwhile, Sharon
Roerty continues working on two Safe Routes to School projects in New
Jersey (prime contractor: The RBA Group), and Bob Chauncey supports
both the Mass Bike Plan Update and the Ottawa Pedestrian Plan project
(prime contractor: Stantec).


SONOMA CO. (CA) COALITION HIRES SAFE ROUTES EXPERT

-> According to a recent news release, "Safe Routes to School (SRTS)
expert Chris Davis has joined the Sonoma County Bicycle Coalition team
to create a pilot transportation education program for local schools.
Chris had a significant role in the development of the Marin County
SRTS program, implemented by the Marin County Bicycle Coalition, as the
Curriculum Developer and Lead Instructor for the program's first four
and a half years. She designed and taught lessons in traffic safety,
environmental and community responsibility, the core concepts of a
comprehensive SRTS program.

"She recently returned to the area after spending 15 months with the
Texas Bicycle Coalition, developing and managing the start-up of a
comprehensive regional SRTS program. 'Safe Routes to School is a
wonderful program for our communities, and Chris Davis is the perfect
person to get our program off the ground,' said Sonoma County Bicycle
Coalition executive director Christine Culver. 'We are very fortunate
to have her working with us!'..."

For more info, contact Christine Culver, Executive Director; (707)
545-0153; <ChrisC@BikeSonoma.org>


Q-U-O-T-E-S--R--U-S
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-> "We have much work to do in the coming year to align the twin goals
we have been working on for many years: sustainable economic
development and budget along with our unwavering commitment to the
highest environmental standards and a walkable community. Some say we
cannot have it all, but we are in trouble if we as a leadership
community cannot find a way to align the two goals. I know that
together, we can indeed build a green economy through innovation so
that our beautiful valley will flourish for at least seven more
generations."
-- Mayor Yoriko Kishimoto, Palo Alto (CA)
http://tinyurl.com/y92n3e


-> "We all want a walkable, pleasant downtown. That's not going to
happen with a four lane freeway going through town."
-- Ken Carbone, owner of Castro Valley (CA) business


I-N--T-H-E--N-E-W-S
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About articles and archives: Most newspapers allow readers free access
to articles for a week or two. After that, many charge a per-article
fee. These, we identify as having an archive cost. Some papers don't
charge regardless of how old an article is. These, we identify as not
having an archive cost.

ATLANTA (GA) GROUP TO PRODUCE SPANISH-LANGUAGE SAFETY INFO

-> According to a Dec. 28th Journal-Constitution article, "During the
past decade, pedestrian fatalities have more than tripled in Gwinnett,
according to PEDS, an Atlanta-based pedestrian safety advocacy agency.
In that same period, the agency said, pedestrian fatalities in the city
of Atlanta have declined by about 60 percent. PEDS announced Wednesday
that the Governor's Office of Highway Safety has awarded an $88,600
grant for programs seeking to make walking a less dangerous
undertaking. The grant will be used to promote better education and
better traffic engineering statewide, said Michael Orta, PEDS program
manager. The agency also will create a series of Spanish-language
safety campaigns. PEDS also will make recommendations for engineering
safety improvements on roadways where pedestrians are most at risk.

"'Pedestrian infrastructure is cheap on the grand scale of things,'
Orta said. 'The problem is getting the state to spend the money on it.'
Orta said statewide and countywide figures for 2006 pedestrian
fatalities were not immediately available. In 2005, pedestrians were
the victims in 13 of 81 total traffic fatalities handled by the
Gwinnett County Police Department. In Georgia last year, 2,115
pedestrians were hit by drivers; 133 of them were killed. The
Spanish-language campaigns are especially needed. Orta said Hispanics
are disproportionately represented in pedestrian fatality statistics,
but there is more than a language barrier involved. 'It's less of a
cultural thing than a social and engineering issue,' Orta said.
Hispanics in Gwinnett are more likely to live along or near major
arterial roads, such as Jimmy Carter Boulevard or Buford Highway, that
are poorly designed for pedestrian traffic, he said..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y3yud4
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Grant awarded to fight pedestrian fatalities"
Author: Bill Osinski


HONOLULU (HI) MOVES AHEAD ON TRANSIT, BIKE, WALK AGENDA

-> According to a Jan. 7th Advertiser article, "Honolulu's 40-year
flirtation with a major mass transit system became an outright affair
yesterday afternoon, as Mayor Mufi Hannemann joyfully signed Bill 79 at
a celebration at Kapolei Hale -- putting into motion what may
ultimately become one of the largest, most expensive public works
projects in the history of Hawai'i. 'This is a great day,' said the
mayor, who, with the stroke of a large, black Montblanc fountain pen
scrawled his name on the official document. 'We are now on the cusp of
moving forward on a system that is going to dramatically improve our
quality of life.'

"Hannemann told the 70-some people present that the multi-billion
transit system would be but one part of an 'integrated, multi-modal
system. TheBus system will be enhanced and expanded,' he said. 'We're
going to launch this year a ferry system from west O'ahu into town.
We're going to continue those improvements on our roads for those who
are still going to want to use their vehicles. 'But we're also going to
have more bike paths. We're going to have more walkable lanes. ...
Those are the kinds of things I'm excited about.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ygufuo
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/yhww7f
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Mass-transit plan signed and sealed"
Author: Will Hoover


CRYSTAL RIVER (FL) WALKER FINALLY GETS HIS SIDEWALK

-> According to a Jan. 5th Times article, "Since Dick Marion moved to
Crystal River Village 13 years ago, his neighbors have careened on
dirt, grass or road, by wheelchair or walker, to get to the Kash n'
Karry plaza on U.S. 19. And for nearly that long, Marion, 72, has made
regular appearances at City Council meetings, demanding sidewalks for
his area. On Thursday, officials dedicated the first strip of the
'Richard Marion Walkway.' There's even a sign posted. The sidewalk runs
on the east side of SE Eighth Avenue from near U.S. 19 to Jim LeGrone
Park at SE Fifth Terrace. The city hopes to extend the path up to State
Road 44. 'A sidewalk has been needed in this area for years and years,'
Marion said Thursday. 'I guess they just got tired of hearing from me.'

"When Marion and his wife, Barbara, first moved to Crystal River, they
noticed the absence of a sidewalk immediately. 'My wife would be
returning home from church and see people in the middle of the street
with wheelchairs,' Marion said. 'How ridiculous is that?' Crystal River
Village, a community for seniors, sits near a bend in SE Eighth Avenue,
just east of U.S. 19. The Kash n' Karry plaza is a short -- but
potentially dangerous -- walk. Many drivers use SE Eighth as a bypass
between U.S. 19 and SR 44, much like Cutler Spur is used, City Council
member Susan Kirk said. Still, it took years to get the sidewalk. And
years of local advocacy by Marion. At countless meetings, he would 'get
up and say, "When am I getting my sidewalk?",' Mayor Ron Kitchen said a
t the dedication Thursday.

"While some residents have charged that infrastructure needs are
addressed more quickly on the city's west side, Marion said he wasn't
sure if that played a role in the amount of time this project took.
'There are large new homes west of 19, and most on the east side are
inhabited by lower- or fixed-income' residents, he said. But Marion
pointed out that the rapid turnover of city staffers may also have
played a part. 'They always told me, "It's in the five-year plan,"' he
said of previous councils. When five years were up, he would confront
them with a familiar refrain: 'Where's my sidewalk?'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/y2nszc
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Wait over for walkway"
Author: Elena Lesley


TORONTO (ON) "NYMBIES" DELAY BIKE LANE PROJECTS

-> According to a Jan. 9th Guardian article, "Local controversy over
proposed bicycle routes shouldn't be allowed to stand in the way of a
more aggressive expansion of the city's bike plan this term. And that
may mean that approval and political scrutiny of bike lanes need to be
pulled from community councils and taken downtown, according to works
and infrastructure committee chair Glenn De Baeremaeker (Ward 30,
Scarborough Centre). 'We have to get people approving the bike lanes,
and then what we have to do at a city level is the same thing that we
did with the St. Clair right-of-way last term, and approve it at the
global level,' said De Baeremaeker, an avid cyclist. 'You have to say,
"you can't have veto power just because one person doesn't like it."'
Toronto's bike plan, approved in 2001, envisions 1,000 kilometres of
bicycle lanes and paths networked across the megacity by 2011. But over
the past term, council only constructed a few kilometres of bike paths
and lanes.

"De Baeremaeker said the problem is twofold. First, he said, council
has not put enough staff resources into expanding the network and
second, approving and implementing the plan is slow and difficult in
neighbourhoods hostile to the idea. He said that by centralizing
decision-making on bike lanes, and pouring more cash into hiring the
staff to do the community consultation and studies, it should be
possible to get the program back on track. 'It should go to the works
and infrastructure committee, and then on to council,' De Baeremaeker
said. 'If the local councillor wants to get involved -- well, there
(has) to be public meetings and the councillor has the right to attend
and the community has the right to give input. But it should be going
to the works committee where people from across the city are saying
'does this make sense or does it not?" We have to stop the
NIMBYism.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ta6u9
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/y7buu5
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Bike lane decision-making authority may move downtown"
Author: David Nickle


NASHUA (NH) TEEN WORKS TO REVITALIZE NEIGHBORHOOD

-> According to a Jan 3rd Telegraph article, "The introduction was
informal and to the point. 'Guys, this is Helen,' said Nancy King, who
works at the Police Athletic League Center on Ash Street. 'Helen, this
is guys.' The 17 teenagers who sat on folding chairs in a circle in the
PAL Center basement looked expectantly at Helen Franco. At age 18 and a
2006 graduate of Nashua High School South, Franco blended in well with
the teens and could have passed for a peer who hangs out at the center.
Instead, she explained that she was working on a survey of residents of
the Tree Streets, Nashua's ethnically diverse, inner-city neighborhood.
'I just want to know your viewpoint about the community,' Franco said.
Several teens were happy to oblige. 'Near the house where I live, there
are parks, but they have a lot of trash and stuff,' said Tequila Lopez,
17, a Nashua High School South junior. 'Where kids under our age play,
the swings are broken and stuff. We don't want them to get hurt,' Lopez
said.

"Jesse Trujillo, 15, said he'd like to see more sports offered for
teenagers. There is also a lack of fields around for teens to play
sports, he said. 'In my neighborhood there are parks, but they're just
for little kids,' said Trujillo, a Nashua High School North freshman.
'There are parks, and then there's just open space where there's
nothing but trash.' As the teens spoke, Franco took notes, interrupting
once in a while to ask a question. When Scott Slattery and Kathy Hersh
interviewed Franco in City Hall for a Volunteers in Service to America,
or VISTA, position, they knew immediately they had found their woman.
'What do you want to be?' asked Hersh, the city's community development
director. 'Oh, I'm going to be a doctor,' Franco replied without hesitating.
That blew Slattery away. 'It wasn't, "I want to be a doctor,"'
said Slattery, the city's urban programs director and Franco's
supervisor. 'It was, "I'm gonna be a doctor." Which is what kind of
sold Kathy and myself.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ygcl9p
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/yev7kb
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Teen part of project to revitalize neighborhood"
Author: Patrick Meighan


ROWAN UNIV. TO STUDY POLLUTION IN SCHOOL BUSES

-> According to a Jan. 8th Press article, "We've all seen the exhaust
that spews from the tailpipe of a school bus. But how much of that
exhaust gets sucked inside the bus and what long-term effect might that
have on children? Rowan University engineering professors will spend
the next three months monitoring three school buses on a one-mile track
as they simulate 39 actual school bus runs in rural, suburban and urban
school districts.

"Professors Anthony Marchese and Robert Hesketh previously did a
project where they measured emissions expelled from exhaust pipes into
the environment. They, along with professor Krishan Bhatia and several
Rowan graduate students, will begin the new study next week. 'The big
controversy has been whether the particulate matter is worse inside the
bus than it is on the road, and if it's coming from the tailpipe or the
crankcase,' Marchese said.

"By testing the buses at the Aberdeeen Testing Center in Maryland they
will be able to control and measure the process more effectively. The
three school buses used for the study match those most commonly used in
New Jersey. Marchese said there have been some other studies, but
results vary depending on the type of school bus used, the type of
engine it has and where the engine is located..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ttjat
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/y2otdf
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Rowan to study pollution in buses"
Author: Diane D'Amico


NEW URBANISM TREND CHANGING NEVADA CO. (CA) TOWNS

-> According to a Jan. 9th Union News article, "New Urbanism promotes
walkable, compact, mixed-use communities assembled in an integrated
fashion. The theme is infusing discussions on housing from Grass Valley
to Tahoe, where town leaders are exploring how to mix housing for
people of different socio-economic levels, promote pedestrian
friendliness, get people out of their cars and foster a greater sense
of community. Developments such as Nevada City CoHousing and four large
projects proposed for Grass Valley -- Loma Rica Ranch, SouthHill
Village, Northstar and Kenny Ranch -- all have elements of New Urbanism
in their design. New Urban communities contain housing, work places,
shops, entertainment, schools, parks, and civic facilities essential to
the daily lives of the residents, all within easy walking distance of
each other. The concept in general also promotes increased use of
trains and light rail, instead of more highways and roads. There are
currently more than 4,000 New Urbanist projects planned or under
construction in the United States. All seek to create diverse,
walkable, compact, mixed-use communities that can serve the needs of
inhabitants in ways that are sustainable, affordable and economically
viable.

"Such is the idea behind New Urbanism, a planning concept for
clustered, integrated communities in which families can work, shop and
play within walking distance of their homes and friends. Think Nevada
City or Truckee of the past, when residents could still buy hardware
and produce downtown. It's a lot to consider, but some regional
planners say it's not out of reach for the area. 'Ironically, this is
the historic development pattern of the Sierra Nevada,' said Steve
Frisch, vice president of programming for the Sierra Business Council.
'Because of the constraints on the region, the vast majority of the
(original) communities in the Sierra Nevada are New Urban. Think about
Sutter Creek and downtown Auburn.' Coming back to a historic building
pattern is necessary, Frisch said. It will increase the circulation of
local dollars, foster more intimate social connections and support
locals at all levels of the economic spectrum, he said. It was for
these reasons and more that Rick Holliday and his development company
purchased Truckee's railyard and set forth with a plan to build a
multi-use community that extends Commercial Row into a livable
locale..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ybx44w
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/yzkpwk
Archive cost: No
Title: "Towns, cities are changed by New Urbanism"
Author: Christine Stanley


LAFAYETTE (LA) FOCUSING ON PED-FRIENDLY DOWNTOWN

-> According to a Jan. 7th Daily Advertiser article, "Greg Walls has
been working in downtown Lafayette since 1993 and has always wanted to
live there. Having it all in an urban setting has always appealed to
Walls and his wife. So, after the 2005 hurricanes, they sold their home
and moved into a smaller one downtown on West Congress Street. Now,
Walls is developing a building on the corner of St. John and Convent
streets for a mix of commercial space and lofts for purchase and
rental. 'I guess I figure other people feel the same way,' Walls said.
He may have figured right. There's a 'pent-up demand' for residential
housing in downtown Lafayette, according to a study prepared for the
Downtown Development Authority in May by Zimmer/Volk Associates, a
research firm from New Jersey.

"Young singles and empty-nesters are the dominant groups who'd prefer
to live in a walkable downtown, according to the Zimmerman/Volk study.
Lafayette's fastest growing population segments are those very groups,
said Cathy Webre, Downtown Development Authority executive director.
New restaurants and hotels are planned for downtown Lafayette in 2007,
along with a number of mixed-use projects. It could bring the area
closer to this all-inclusive state.

"'There's a deep desire to get back to our roots,' said Peter
Calthorpe, principal planner for Regional Planning for the Louisiana
Recovery Authority. Calthorpe has helped communities throughout
Louisiana devastated by the hurricanes develop tight-knit, walkable
communities. He says downtown Lafayette is a great example. 'It's a way
of living where you get to walk everywhere. It's a sense of community,
very elusive and hard to quantify. But it's something in short supply,
and in great demand,' he said..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/wr5wk
Archive search: http://tinyurl.com/y8x2kl
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Downtown mixes it up"
Author: Bob Moser


AND NOW, FOR SOMETHING COMPLETELY DIFFERENT...

INDIAN FARMER CUTS SAFE WALKING PATH THROUGH ROCKY HILLS

-> "Over four decades ago, a frail, landless farmer got hold of a
chisel and a hammer and decided to change the face of his village
nestled in the rocky hills of Gaya. Dashrath Manjhi tore open a
300-feet-high hill to create a one-km passage. Manjhi knew it would he
easier to move a mountain than an apathetic government. He knew writing
to the powers-that-be would only leave the hill tied in red tape.
Instead, Manjhi, then in his early 20s, took up a chisel and hammered
at the rocks for 22 years. This feat, part of local folklore now,
stemmed from Manjhi's love for his wife..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/yxylbz


Q-U-I-CK--H-I-T-S
------------------------------------------------------------

NEW SERVICE ALLOWS MOTORISTS TO SURF THE NET & DRIVE
-> "'We live in a car-centric society, and our Autonet Mobile Service
is directly addressing the communications needs of today's drivers and
passengers,' said Sterling Pratz, chief executive of Autonet Mobile.
'We are putting the connected lifestyle in the car with an easy-to-use
service for executives and families on the go.'..."
http://tinyurl.com/yyx8uc

KB HOME JOINS MARTHA STEWART FOR ORLANDO (FL) PROJECT
-> "KB Home and Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia have announced their
first 'new urbanism' neighborhood near Orlando. It is called KB Home
Avellino: Homes Created with Martha Stewart and is part of a series of
collaborative efforts..."
http://tinyurl.com/ykk8r8

REMEMBERING SAN DIEGO'S (CA) "LITTLE ITALY"
-> "The idyll was shattered in the late 1950s and early 1960s, when San
Diego's Crosstown Freeway -- today known as Interstate 5 -- was cut
south to downtown. It literally cleaved the neighborhood in half,
sealing off walking lanes with a massive, elevated concrete
thoroughfare..."
http://tinyurl.com/yg6azy

NEW JERSEY SEES COMPACT, TRADITIONAL FUTURE
-> "As a result of the rate at which sprawl is eating up our land, New
Jersey is expected to be the first state to be fully built out, meaning
that no more developable land is left. This is expected to occur in 20
to 40 years, according to New Jersey Future, a statewide organization
promoting the principles of smart growth..."
http://tinyurl.com/yfvy4w

US CITIES GRAPPLE WITH "TOO MANY CHURCHES"
"'It's ridiculous,' says Pat DeLanger, an accountant who was about to
climb into her car on a recent Sunday with her teen-age daughter after
a service at St. Isaac Jogues Catholic Church. She lives less than a
mile away, but expects her Sunday morning drive to stretch to 30
minutes once construction on another church across the street is
complete. 'We live right there. We probably could walk faster.'..."
http://tinyurl.com/y7pk8n


R-E-S-O-U-R-C-E-S
------------------------------------------------------------

-> "POLICE-REPORTING OF PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLISTS..."
"...Treated in Hospital Emergency Rooms; by Jane C. Stutts and William
W. Hunter, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3430
http://tinyurl.com/yx8jss

-> "INJURY TO PEDESTRIANS AND BICYLISTS..."
"...An Analysis based on Hospital Emergency Department Data;" U.S.
Dept. of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration Report No.
FHWA-RD-99-078.
http://tinyurl.com/wrxeb


C-A-L-E-N-D-A-R
------------------------------------------------------------

Additional training opportunities are available on the National Center
for Bicycling & Walking web site. Add your own items to the on-line
calendar...it's quick and easy. Please be sure your calendar items
pertain to training and workshops in the bicycle, pedestrian, or
livable community fields. Go to:
http://tinyurl.com/85n4w

HEY, YOU! SEND US YOUR CALENDAR ITEMS -- PRONTO!

-> January 11-12, 2007, Designing and Implementing Roundabouts, Las
Vegas, NV. Info: Susanna Fuerstenberg, Program Associate, U. of
Wisconsin College of Engineering, Dept. of Engr. Professional Dev.;
phone: (800) 462-0876; email: <fuersten@epd.engr.wisc.edu>.
http://epd.engr.wisc.edu/webh953

-> January 21-25, 2007, TRB Annual Meeting, Washington D.C. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/hjdms

-> February 5-6, 2007, International Conference on Roads and the
Environment, Geneva, Switzerland. Info: International Road Federation,
2, chemin de Blandonnet 1214 Vernier/Geneva, Switzerland; phone: +41 22
306 02 60; email: <abastienne@irfnet.org>
http://tinyurl.com/yyuykj

-> February 8-10, 2007, New Partners for Smart Growth, Los Angeles, CA.
Info:
http://tinyurl.com/ha9q5

-> February 22-24, 2007, 4th Annual Active Living Research Conference,
Coronado CA. Info: Amanda Wilson, Research Coordinator; phone:
619-260-5538; email: <awilson@projects.sdsu.edu>.
http://tinyurl.com/fkjya

-> March 25-29, 2007, National Trust Main Streets Conference, Seattle,
WA. Info: Mary de la Fe, Main Streets Conference Coordinator, National
Trust for Historic Preservation, 1785 Massachusetts Avenue, NW,
Washington, DC 20036; phone: (202) 588-6329; email:
<mary_delafe@nthp.org>
http://tinyurl.com/pwyqh

-> April 14-18, 2007, American Planning Association National
Conference, Philadelphia, PA. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/j9v8w

-> June 12-15, 2007, Velo City International Bicycle Conference,
Munich, Germany. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/edzbb

-> July 13-15, 2007, Thunderhead Training, Louisville, KY. Info:
http://www.thunderheadalliance.org

-> August 24-26, 2007, Thunderhead Training, Los Angeles, CA. Info:
http://www.thunderheadalliance.org

-> October 1-4, 2007, Walk21 International Conference, Toronto, ON,
Canada. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/ygtb78

-> October 5-7, Thunderhead Training, plus lobby training Oct. 8 and
Hill visits Oct. 9, 2007, Washington, DC. Info:
http://www.thunderheadalliance.org


J-O-B-S--G-R-A-N-T-S--A-N-D--R-F-P-S
------------------------------------------------------------

-> JOB -- EXEC. DIRECTOR -- ONE LESS CAR, MD
One Less Car promotes bicycling and walking as viable modes of
transportation to create and enhance livable communities. Areas of
focus include program, financial and operations management, funding
development, community relations, advocacy, special events and Board
support. The ideal candidate will be an energetic self-starter who is
familiar with, or able to quickly learn, transportation policies,
planning, and best practices as they relate to livable communities,
bicycling and walking. The Executive Director will be the primary
representative liaison with state and federal agencies, advocacy
groups, and the general public.

Superb organizational, computer and communications skills are a must,
as is the knowledge and ability to work as a team with the Board of
Directors The Executive Director is the principal executive officer of
One Less Car. The ED advises, makes recommendations to, and assists in
formulating policies for the Board of Directors; implements Board
policies and directives; supervises and controls the business and
affairs of the organization; and has direct supervisory responsibility
for staff and volunteers. For more info about the position, contact
Greg Cantori at: <gcantori@knottfoundation.org>. For a copy of the full
job description, go to:
http://www.onelesscar.org


-> JOB -- EVENTS COORDINATOR -- ONE LESS CAR, MD
One Less Car, Maryland's campaign for cycling and walking, is seeking
an individual to direct the organization's signature bicycling events.
This is a part-time position. Tour du Port is a one-day tour of
Baltimore in the fall attracting more than 1,500 participants and Cycle
Across Maryland is a four-day tour held during the summer at various
locations (2007's event is on the Eastern Shore) attracting more than
750 participants. For more info about the position, contact Greg
Cantori at: <gcantori@knottfoundation.org>. For a copy of the full job
description, go to:
http://www.onelesscar.org


-> JOBS -- NETWORK MANAGER & ASSISTANT -- SRTS PARTNERSHIP
The Safe Routes to School National Partnership has launched a national
search for two positions (see more info at links):
State Network Manager (full-time):
http://bikesbelong.org/page.cfm?PageID=379
Program Assistant (20 hours/week):
http://bikesbelong.org/page.cfm?PageID=378
Those hired will become employees of the Bikes Belong Foundation, and
will report to Deb Hubsmith, Coordinator of the Partnership.The employees
will work from home offices anywhere throughout the United States. The
positions will be filled as soon as possible. The Safe Routes to School
(SRTS) National Partnership is a coalition of more than 240 organizations
that is working to advance the SRTS national movement.


-> JOB -- EXERCISE & WELLNESS ASST. PROF.-- AZ ST. UNIV.

Teach and conduct research in the area of health promotion and
technology related to physical activity, nutrition and wellness.
Required: Earned doctorate in Exercise & Wellness or related
discipline; teaching experience in health promotion and technology;
on-line teaching experience; evidence of experience conducting
independent research and being published in peer-reviewed journal(s)
appropriate to rank; skills/proficiency in technology (e.g., data base
and analysis software/presentation media); evidence of securing
external funding for research specialty appropriate to rank. Experience
mentoring MS or PhD students is preferred. Application deadline:
January 31, 2007; if not filled, then the end of each month thereafter
until search is closed.

Send letter of application, vita, and three names of references with
telephone numbers to: Catrine Tudor-Locke, Ph.D., Chair, Search
Committee Health Promotion and Technology, Department of Exercise and
Wellness, 7350 East Unity Ave, Mesa, Arizona 85212-0180.

H-O-U-S-E-K-E-E-P-I-N-G
------------------------------------------------------------

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MISS AN ISSUE? Find it here:
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SEND US YOUR NEWS AND CALENDAR ITEMS: We want to hear what you're up to! Contact <john@montana.com> today!

COPYING: We encourage you to copy our content as long as you identify the source in this way: "from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking."
------------------------------------------------------------
Contributors: John Williams, Bill Wilkinson, Gary MacFadden, Mark
Plotz, Sharon Roerty, Bob Chauncey, Chris Jordan, Anne Villacres,
Ross Trethewey, Linda Tracy, Harrison Marshall, Christine Culver,
Jim Baross, Amy Bell, Sue Knaup, Elise Bremer-Nei, Steve Golden,
Mark Counselman, Tom Maggio, Sally Flocks, and Al Kooper.

Editor: John Williams
Send news items to: <john@montana.com>
Director: Bill Wilkinson
------------------------------------------------------------
National Center for Bicycling & Walking, 8120 Woodmont Ave, Suite 520, Bethesda, MD 20814. Phone: (301) 656-4220; fax: (301) 656-4225; email: <info@bikewalk.org>
Web: http://www.bikewalk.org
-----------------------------------------------------------
List your local, statewide, and regional training events on NCBW's National Training Calendar:
http://www.bikewalk.org/calendar.php
--------------------------------------------------------

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