#198 Wednesday, April 2, 2008


CenterLines is the bi-weekly e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking. CenterLines is our way of quickly delivering news and information you can use to create more walkable and bicycle-friendly communities.

CenterLines is also available as a podcast. Go to: http://podcast.bikewalk.org/

----- Hail and Farewell
----- Paying for All This Driving
----- PWPB Conference Planners Pursue AICP CM Credits
----- Free Webinar: Making the Safe Routes to School Case
----- One Street's Sue Knaup Offers Fundraising Advice
----- Safe Routes and Kids with Disabilities
----- Hey Reader! Take This Test!
----- Chicago Passes Ordinance to Protect Cyclists
----- Perry Takes over BikeWalk Virginia Reins
----- Bike Summit 2008 in Toronto: April 25th
----- Hold Your Head in Your Hands and Wonder
----- MK (UK) Cyclists Blend in with Luminous Green Scenery


----- Moderate Exercise vs Inactivity-Related Diseases
----- Planners Count Central Charlotte (NC) Peds
----- Former Calif. Gov. Brown Talks Walkability
----- Bike-Ped Bridge Links Eugene, Springfield (OR)
----- Small Retail Elusive in Boulder (CO) N'hoods
----- Exercise Helps Rejuvenate Healthy Skin
----- Michigan Groups Push for "Complete Streets"
----- "Walkable" Belmar (CO) to Get 1.7 MW Solar Array
----- Ottawa (IL) Gets $331K Safe Routes Grant
----- Bring Back Human-Scale Development Patterns
----- Oakland (CA) Wins $800,000 Safe Routes Grant
----- "Walkable" Benton (AR) to Focus on Sidewalks
----- Bike, Transit Use Rising among BC Residents
----- Study: 7 Hours of Sleep per Night is Just Right
----- Dearborn Hts (MI) Aims to be Ped-Friendly
----- Expert: Walkable Towns Curb Obesity, Pollution


by Gary MacFadden

In late 1974, when I arrived at what was then Bikecentennial 76 (later to become today's Adventure Cycling Association), my bicycling "experience" consisted of the minimal requirements necessary to receive the Bicycling merit badge. But the spirit of the place was infectious, and I soon found myself shopping for my first "real" bicycle, which would of course be a touring bike.

My guide through that selection process, and much of the learning of the sport that quickly followed, was Eugene Sloane's "The Complete Book of Bicycling." In this thick tome, Mr. Sloane managed to include in-depth information on just about anything to have to do with bicycles, from choosing a steed to maintenance to what to take on a bicycle tour (I really needed to study up on that last topic). Those around the Bikecentennial offices were referring to Sloane's book as the "bicycling bible" well before the publisher started putting that phrase on the book's cover.

Eugene Sloane died of complications from pneumonia on Saturday, March 29th, at the age of 91. His son, Todd, reports that he continued to ride well into his 80s. The thousands of cyclists who learned from Mr. Sloane, and who were the beneficiaries of his crystal-clear descriptions of how in the heck you adjust a derailleur or tighten a loose crank, might take a moment to doff their helmets in his memory.

by Mark Plotz

Lately, the question of where to get funding for our public roads has (again) been in the news. Since CenterLines last landed in my In Box there have been rumblings at the federal and regional level in Washington DC about how tolls, user fees, and privatization might become part of the solution to our worsening traffic. Then, Monday night, New York City’s City Council upstaged all the transportation policy pundits by voting 30-20 to approve a plan for congestion pricing in Manhattan. Under the proposal that was approved, drivers entering Manhattan would be charged a toll of $8 to use the streets between 6am and 6pm on weekdays.

Wow. That could pull in $500 million per year which could—theoretically—do a lot for transit users and their two wheeled and two footed friends.

The plan has a long way to go before being implemented. It must first survive the trip to Albany and then be signed by the latest governor. But should this happen—and most experts agree that, eventually, it will happen in NYC—Gotham would join London, Stockholm, and Sri Lanka which have all implemented congestion pricing schemes.

Since its implementation 5 years ago, London’s toll zone has experienced a 21 percent reduction in traffic, improved bus service, and…. bicycle ridership increased by 45 percent!!! This October, the City will take the next step as it begins charging higher fees for vehicles with larger engines (and greater fuel consumption). I applaud the move because it brings me one step closer to my ultimate goal: the authorities paying me to bicycle to work.

City Council Approves Fee to Drive Below 60th
New York Times, April 1, 2008

Faster, Maybe. Cheaper, No. But Driving Has Its Fans
New York Times, March 31, 2008

Importing a Decongestant for Midtown Streets
New York Times, March 16, 2008

Additional reading on HOT lanes and congestion pricing:

Letting the Market Drive Transportation
Washington Post, March 17, 2008
Meet Tyler Duvall, top policy maker at the DOT and free market enthusiast: he wants to put E-ZPass on your bike lane. (I’m just kinda, sorta, kidding about that.)

Report Suggests New Tolls for Region
Washington Post, March 17, 2008
The Washington DC area is now home to the second worst traffic congestion in the nation. A federally funded 18 month study explored the possibilities and implications of adding tolls to the region’s highways and parkways. An estimated $2.75 billion would be reaped every year for improvements to roads and transit. http://tinyurl.com/37ccbz


NCBW staff members who are involved in planning for Pro Walk/Pro Bike 2008 (September 2-5, in Seattle) have recently been besieged with questions concerning certification maintenance (or CM) credits for those who are members of the American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP). The questions center around the topic:"Will courses that award CM credits be available at the Pro Walk/Pro Bike conference?"

"The answer is 'yes...probably' reports Gary MacFadden, NCBW's conference director. "We have registered the NCBW as a provider of CM credits, and are now sorting the approximately 80 sessions and workshops to determine which should be submitted for approval as CM courses. But we haven't yet successfully pushed any courses through the approval process, so it is premature to say that we will be able to offer CM credits at the conference."

MacFadden added that he hopes the NCBW can offer at least 12 CM credit hours during the three-day conference, and even more if possible. "We have identified a number of sessions, including mobile workshops, that would contain very useful information for planners," MacFadden said. "Our challenge now is to get those sessions and workshops through the APA approval process."

AICP members looking for sources of CM credits should watch future editions of CenterLines for news of course approvals. If courses receive CM credit, they will be listed on the conference pages at www.bikewalk.org.


-> According to a Mar. 27th news release, "America Walks and the National Center for Safe Routes to School present the next Safe Routes Coaching Action Network Webinar. The next topic will be 'Who Cares About Safe Routes? How to Make the Case in Your Community' presented by Kit Keller and Linda Tracy, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, on April 29, 2008 at 2PM EST.

"During the hour-long Webinar, Keller and Tracy will present tips for engaging local professionals and organizations for help in planning and implementing a Safe Routes to School program. Many times these individuals are already engaged in the issues surrounding Safe Routes to School, but simply call it by another name. The Safe Routes Coaching Action Network Webinars are designed to educate individuals and organizations on topics that will assist with successful outreach efforts."

To register for the Webinar, go to:


-> According to the Mar. 27th One Street News, "Over the past month we have had an unusually high number of requests for fundraising advice, from here in the States and in Europe. All of these requests boiled down to learning how best to make the ask to potential funders. So we put together our new tip sheet: Fundraising Tips - The Direct Ask. If your palms get the slightest bit sweaty when you think of asking for a donation, make sure to take a look..."

Go to: http://tinyurl.com/3d9krn


-> According to the Apr. 1st Safe Routes to School E-News, "The mission of the National Center on Physical Activity and Disability (NCPAD) is to promote substantial health benefits that can be gained from participating in regular physical activity. The slogan of NCPAD is Exercise is for EVERY body, and every person can gain some health benefit from being more physically active. The goals of NCPAD and Safe Routes to School go hand in hand.

"SRTS is also interested in helping youth with disabilities become more physically active, and the National Center for Safe Routes to School has recently awarded NCPAD two separate grants to assist them with these efforts. NCPAD will be focusing on evaluation and education, and intend to keep the interests of children with disabilities in each and every planning stage of this important initiative."

For more about Safe Routes to School and children with disabilities, go to:


-> In a recent note, Eric Fredericks of neighborhoods.org wrote, "I'm not sure if you've covered this yet in your newsletter, but, I watched this video earlier today and thought it was impressive. I'm not going to spoil it for you, so here's the link: http://tinyurl.com/2pk29t Make sure you do the test as it asks you to do!"

Eric Fredericks
(916) 669-0676 (m)

Ed. note: After you take the test, spend some time browsing around the neighborhoods.org website: http://tinyurl.com/35b4mz Great stuff! /J


-> According to the Mar. 24th American Bicyclist Update, "Chicago cyclists are cheering passage of a significant local ordinance promising much greater protection from motorists. The legislation* -- endorsed by the Mayor and city Department of Transportation -- was passed on March 12 and prohibits opening a door into moving traffic; sets a three-foot minimum passing distance; increases fines for parking in a bike lane or marked shared lane; and prohibits motorists from turning right in front of a bicyclist. The ordinance sets a minimum fine of $500 when these actions lead to a bicycle crash. The provision was a major goal of the 2015 Bike Plan, and was backed enthusiastically by the Chicagoland Bicycle Federation."

For more on the legislation, go to:
For more on the Chicagoland Bicycle Federation, go to:
For more on the American Bicyclist Update, go to:


-> According to a Mar. 25th release, "BikeWalk Virginia announced today that Kimberly Likens Perry, Ed.D. has been named Executive Director for the state-wide advocacy and education organization effective March 31. Dr. Perry will succeed Allen Turnbull, Ph.D. the founder of BikeWalk Virginia, who announced in 2007 his desire to step down in order to pursue new opportunities.

"Dr. Perry was previously Dean and Director of the Bon Secours School of Medical Imaging in Richmond, Virginia, a position she held for 8 years. She earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Vocational and Technical Education and a Master of Science in Education degree in Health Promotion from Virginia Tech University in Blacksburg, Virginia. She also earned a Doctor of Education degree in Educational Leadership from the University of Phoenix.

"'We feel very confident that Kimberly is the right person to lead BikeWalk Virginia at this important time in the organization's development,' said Richard Elder, BikeWalk Virginia Board of Directors Chair. 'She has a personal passion for cycling, a track record of building community-based organizations, and a "can-do" attitude that will help drive BikeWalk Virginia's continued growth.'

"'This is also an important moment to recognize and thank Allen Turnbull for his vision and leadership over the past 20 years.' Elder continued. 'Allen is widely recognized across the state as a passionate and resourceful advocate, not only for biking and walking, but also for the importance of building communities that encourage active lifestyles. We wish Allen the best in his new pursuits.'"

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2awpsu


-> In a recent news release, Fred Sztabinski wrote, "Join leading thinkers, practitioners and decision-makers who are on the fast track to creating bikeable communities. Bike Summit 2008 will be held on Friday April 25th in Toronto.

"Enjoy innovative and forward-thinking sessions that will:
- Share international and Canadian best practices and perspectives on putting policy into action
- Build local, regional and provincial momentum and leadership for bikeable communities
- Engage key stakeholders on how to effectively implement policies and strategies to realize and maximize the value of bicycling for transportation, health, tourism, recreation, economic development, energy conservation and the environment.

"Highlights of Bike Summit 2008:
The Toronto Coalition for Active Transportation (TCAT) and the Clean Air Partnership are partnering to host this one-day Summit, covering topics such as public policy, economic incentives and disincentives, business support, infrastructure policies and design, and government support.

"Speakers will include:
- City of Seattle Senior Transportation Planner Peter Lagerwey
- Chicagoland Bicycle Federation's Randy Neufeld
- Alta Planning Principal Jeff Olson
- Velo Quebec Executive Director Jean-Francois Pronovost
- London Cycling Campaign Chief Executive Koy Thompson
- Bicycle Trade Association of Canada Director of Advocacy Usman Valiante"

To register and for more information:
email <info@torontocat.ca>
phone: (416) 392-0290


In a Mar. 14th post on the Thunderhead Alliance listserv, Eric Gilliland, Executive Director of the Washington Area Bicyclist Association, wrote, "I spent this morning walking around the new US DOT building in southeast DC with our city's ADA coordinator. In addition to almost getting arrested for taking photos, I was quite disturbed by just how out of compliance the new facility was. Ubiquitous security bollards were installed too close together, curb ramps led to nowhere, crosswalks were either non-existent or in the wrong spots, multi-space meters were installed with no ped access, benches were too tall, building access ramps were too long, and there wasn't a U rack to be seen. Whoever is in charge of ADA at the USDOT must be choppered to the roof of the building each morning.

"If that was all not disturbing enough, after the ADA tour I spent some time on the building's 'Transportation Walk' which consists of concrete plaques placed in the sidewalk that highlight milestones in transportation. After my earlier walkabout I guess I should not have been surprised there was nary a bicycle to be seen. There was, however, a great plaque dedicated to the invention that has truly revolutionized transportation. If you are thinking of the steam-driven propeller screw, the horseless carriage, or Igor Sykorsky's VS 300 helicopter, think again. No, this plaque was dedicated to the Segway. How a device that has had, in my opinion, no impact on transportation (though it has helped the mobility impaired) made it onto the Transportation Walk is anyone's guess."

Eric Gilliland, Executive Director
WABA, 1803 Connecticut Ave NW, 3rd Floor, Washington, DC 20009; phone: (202) 518-0524; email: <gill@waba.org>


-> "Cyclists in Milton Keynes have reacted angrily to a decision by town planners to make buildings, trees, street furniture and the road itself much easier to see by painting them all luminous green. The decision follows a number of near misses where pedestrians almost bumped into street furniture or large buildings and then threatened to sue the council on the grounds that they should be more clearly marked.

"'A house is a very large and potentially dangerous obstacle' said Health and Safety Officer Kenneth Scrivens. 'If someone were to fail to spot it and walk into the brickwork, they could potentially suffer serious scratches and bruising. It's our job to reduce the risk of such accidents, and so are taking steps to make sure that everything in the town is clearly visible at all times to everybody.'...

"But local cyclists are furious at the plan that has made them the same colour as their immediate surroundings. 'We've all spent a fortune on these luminous jackets, trousers and cycle clips' said local cyclist Mark Randle. 'Suddenly our hi-visibility cycling gear has turned into the most effective camouflage available. Now we're completely invisible.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/3aj786


-> "So I think around the age of 16, after mowing about 200 lawns, I went out and bought a MiniMoog. This freaked everybody I knew out, because while I was saving for my first keyboard, every other kid my age was dreaming of getting their driver's license. Owning a car was the last thing on my mind. As long as I could pedal to a local music store, I was fine with a bicycle for the time being."
-- Dan Pinto, Keyboardist and Composer



About articles and archives: Most newspapers allow readers free access to articles for a week or two. After that, many charge a per-article fee. These, we identify as having an archive cost. Some papers don't charge regardless of how old an article is. These, we identify as not having an archive cost.


-> According to a Feb. 1st MedScape article, "It is generally accepted that regular physical activity and exercise are an important part of a healthy lifestyle and that physical inactivity increases the risk of disease over the long term. The high cost of physical inactivity, even during the short term, is less well known and appreciated. Average daily physical activity levels continue to decline as we permit technological progress to engineer the need for movement out of our environment. For the last few years, we have published a number of observations from Studies Targeting Risk Reduction Interventions through Defined Exercise (STRRIDE), a randomized controlled trial designed to investigate the effects of different amounts and intensities of exercise on risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD).

"What we did not appreciate at first, but which now has become very evident, was that the so-called control group did not represent a metabolically stable group of individuals. Indeed, the STRRIDE 'control' group experienced metabolic deterioration in numerous CVD risk factors for only a 6-month time. The major purpose of this review is to summarize the findings from STRRIDE with respect to the high cost of continued physical inactivity in sedentary, overweight, or mildly obese men and women.

"Also, we address the question, if inactivity is more rapidly detrimental than previously realized, how much exercise is needed to prevent metabolic deterioration? The amount of physical activity and exercise needed for health maintenance has, in the past few years, become quite controversial, with different national organizations disagreeing on a minimal recommended amount of exercise to maintain health and wellness. Despite a number of excellent exercise training studies, uncertainty persists about how much exercise is enough for health benefits and how physical inactivity acts to worsen risk profiles. We address this also with observations from the STRRIDE study..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/yqh7tf
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Title: "Modest Exercise Prevents the Progressive Disease Associated with Physical Inactivity"
Author: Cris A. Slentz; Joseph A. Houmard; William E. Kraus

Bottom line: "As epidemiological research has previously suggested, results from STRRIDE demonstrate that modest increases above this minimal recommendation generally lead to additional significant and widespread improvements in numerous health measures."


-> According to an Apr. 1st News14 story, "Center City planners will spend the better part of Tuesday conducting uptown's first pedestrian count study. It's a joint effort with the department of transportation to help city planners. About a dozen counters have been placed at 17 locations throughout the city, including three locations at the Overstreet Mall and they're just counting the number of people who walk by.

"There are three goals to the study: the first is to recruit retailers to the area, they'd also like to predict the future pedestrian needs as well as coordinate the efforts of the transit system. 'Now we'll have better data to understand the market a little bit better and obviously this data will be available for any retailer, for any researchers,' said planning analyst Robert Ferrin..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2d83w5
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Title: "Planners count uptown pedestrians"
Author: Heather Waliga


-> According to a Mar. 31st California Progress Report article, "Former (and future?) governor and current Attorney General Jerry Brown was waxing nostalgic about his days in the governor's mansion, driving the famous blue Plymouth ('it lasted 240,000 miles without an engine overhaul -- now that was sustainability'), and suing Ronald Reagan over the governor's mansion.

"But the core of his speech dealt with our climate crisis. Brown emphasized his administration's earlier efforts to encourage smart growth, urban density, walking, even trains. And he called for renewed action on this today. He conceptualized it as 'elegant density' -- get people out of their cars, build more walkable communities served by trains and other forms of mass transit, powered by solar energy, to not just deal with global warming, but to encourage a more sustainable California..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/33oscp
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Title: "Jerry Brown's Speech, the 2010 Governor's Race, and Reflections on the California Democratic Convention"
Author: Robert Cruickshank


-> According to a May 31st KVAL TV story, "Local bicycle planners have long tried to forge closer ties between the Eugene and Springfield bike path systems. Standing in the way has been that big slab of concrete called Interstate 5. However in a few months, that barrier will be crossed. The local biking community is all excited and for a good reason. ODOT and construction crews are bridging two towns with a new, one of a kind structure. At first glance, you might think it's a mini-version of the Golden Gate Bridge. Spanning 200 feet across I-5, the yet to be named bike-pedestrian bridge is rapidly taking form.

"Eugene's Bicycle and Pedestrian Coordinator, Lee Shoemaker, tells KVAL, 'I think the design is great. It'll be a signature transportation facility.' Bicyclists have long been frustrated by the lack of options for traveling between the two towns. This is the $2.5 million solution -- rising between Harlow Road and the I-5 Beltline flyover. It's part of the $72 million I-5 flyover state package. ODOT Regional spokesman, Joe Harwood, says, 'Not only is it going to be a beautiful bridge, but it's going to tie the bike path network of both cities together.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ypsf8z
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Title: "New bike-pedestrian bridge takes shape"
Author: Tom Adams


-> According to a Mar. 31st Daily Camera article, "The trip back to the future in Boulder may turn out to be a long walk. Even in a community aiming to transform into a patchwork of walkable neighborhoods, a return to that nostalgic ideal of mom-and-pop corner grocers and neighborhood-scale retail turns out to be a major challenge. Inviting sidewalks leading to the playground and neighbors hanging out at the local espresso bar are all seen as community positives. But in Boulder, the bag of apples or that replacement light bulb are too often past the outskirts of an easy walk.

"'It's nice to be able to walk around your block for social reason or for exercise, but if you're not able to walk for some of your errands, to pick up a bottle of milk and some of your small shopping, you're going to be getting in your car,' says Martha Roskowski, manager of the city's Go Boulder alternative transportation effort. Roskowski calls everyday needs within walking distance 'essential' to achieving the ideal of a walkable, minimal-car lifestyle..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2ta8rj
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Title: "On foot: Small retail still elusive in Boulder's neighborhoods"
Author: Rick Polito


-> An Apr. 1st NAPSI article asks, "Wouldn't it be great if the world could see how youthful and vivacious you are on the inside? Many anti-aging measures involve invasive or expensive procedures, but before you spend your savings going to extremes, here are a few simple ways to mature gracefully without breaking the bank:

"--Get Moving. Working out doesn't have to mean working hard. Find a pastime you enjoy and get to it. Whether that means walking on the beach, working in your garden or riding your bicycle, just make sure you're getting about 30 to 60 minutes of exercise -- or activity -- every day. The more you work out, the more energy you'll have to participate in the hobbies you love-and when you feel healthy, it shows from the inside, out..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2chjwd
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Title: "Simple Steps To Rejuvenating Healthy Skin"
Author: Staff


-> According to a Mar. 28th Capital News Service article, "Walking and biking are healthy forms of transportation that may become more accessible to Michigan residents if the goals of several groups are achieved. Several advocacy groups promote the growth of bike lanes in the state...The Tart Trails in Traverse City is a network that has been growing for years, said Nancy Krupiarz, executive director of the Michigan Trails and Greenways Alliance. Bike lanes are beginning to connect to routes in town, making area businesses more accessible by bike.
State law requires 1 percent of state transportation money be devoted to alternative transportation types, Krupiarz said. Some cities, like Ann Arbor and St. Clair, mandate a higher percentage of transportation funding for non-motorized options, she said. To create a statewide non-motorized plan, Krupiarz said, 'there needs to be a lot more advocacy and support generated.'

"Rich Moeller, executive director of the League of Michigan Bicyclists, said demand to accommodate cyclists is expanding. 'More communities are getting excited about bike lanes because gas prices are rising,' he said. One initiative Moeller says Michigan should adopt is Complete Streets. Under the program already adopted by several states, most recently Illinois, whenever a street is renovated, space must also be provided for cyclists and pedestrians - including bike lanes or wide roads and sidewalks. If communities are made walkable and bike-able, people are likely to get healthier, said James McCurtis Jr. of the Department of Community Health. 'Thirty minutes of exercise a day doesn't necessarily mean going to the gym,' he said. 'You can do it in your own community.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2olpvo
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Title: "Walking, cycling backed to boost health, reduce gas use"
Author: Matt Flint


-> According to an Apr. 1st YourHub.Com article, "Continuum Partners announced March 27 that 8,300 solar panels will be installed on the roof of the parking garages at its Belmar development. Construction is under way and panel installation is expected to begin in August 2008. The 1.7 megawatt array will generate approximately 2.3 million kilowatt hours of clean electrical energy per year. The solar power output represents approximately 5 percent of Belmar's total power consumption.

'This is one of the most ambitious renewable energy projects initiated in Colorado to date,' said John Hereford of Hereford Capital Advisors, a development partner in the project. 'Any time you are first around the track, things can be challenging. Many developers talk about green, but it takes a committed visionary like Continuum to make this type of project a reality.'...

"Belmar, located 10 minutes from downtown Denver at South Wadsworth Boulevard and West Alameda Avenue in Lakewood, is a walkable community that includes 70 shops and 14 restaurants, entertainment, cultural activities, homes, offices and ample free parking..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/32nqre
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Title: "Belmar to install solar panels on garage rooftops"
Author: Peggy Mackinnon

More info on Belmar: http://tinyurl.com/2nn5mk


-> According to an Apr. 1st Times article, "Students at Ottawa Elementary School District's five buildings will have safer routes to school, thanks to more than $300,000 in grant money awarded for improvement of sidewalks. Ottawa's project was one of 112 approved under the Safe Routes to School program. Almost 300 projects were submitted for consideration, according to a press release issued by Gov. Rod Blagojevich. The city will receive $331,691 to be used to pay for construction, replacement and repairs of sidewalks around OES buildings.

"Kevin Lindeman, a senior planner with North Central Illinois Council of Governments and an Ottawa resident, coordinated the project, a joint effort between the city and the school district. In order to qualify for the grant, an application was due last spring and the district had to conduct a travel plan to document how students get to and from school.

Source: http://tinyurl.com/28vo4q
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Title: "Safe routes to schools: OES, city receive funds for sidewalk improvements"
Author: Melissa Garzanelli


-> According to an Apr. 1st Virginia Business article, "Until the advent of the auto age about 100 years ago, the imperative for developers was to make people happy. This tradition led to design that was pedestrian-oriented, human-scaled, compact and ornamental. Since that time, however, the focus has changed. Development is now oriented toward making cars, not people, happy. Because car-based design nearly always creates barriers for other types of travel, it creates a growing, self-perpetuating vicious cycle. After decades of using this car-oriented model, we now find that it is nearly impossible to go anywhere without a car.

"Yet the terrible tragedy is this: Cars and people have vastly different needs. Cars require wide, high-speed highways and enormous parking lots (preferably in front of buildings). When not in cars, people are repelled by such design. But because of our dependence on autos, almost all of us are compelled to become our own worst enemies, calling for development that makes car travel easier. Unintentionally, then, our quality of life is in a downward spiral of our own making, as the car-oriented world we've advocated has created an increasingly unpleasant community..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2oob3v
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Title: "Downtown master plan returns city to timeless tradition"
Author: Dom Nozzi


-> According to an Apr. 1st East Bay Business Times article, "CalTrans awarded the city of Oakland an $803,700 grant for a 'Safe Routes to School Program' that will implement much-needed safety improvements near several Oakland schools. The grant was awarded to the city's Community and Economic Development Agency and Public Works Agency to do the work.

"Oakland received the 16th-largest award out of 139 projects statewide that received funding. The improvements are projected to begin construction by late 2009 and should be completed by mid-2010. Schools that will benefit from the grant include Oakland Technical High School, Castlemont Community of Small Schools, Youth Uprising Center and E.C. Reems Academy.

"'This grant allows us to continue our work of wrapping our arms around our children and improving their lives from every perspective,' Mayor Ron Dellums said in a statement. 'On behalf of the city of Oakland, I extend our sincere gratitude to CalTrans for partnering with us to continue to enhance the safety and well-being of our students.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2h967m
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Title: "Oakland wins $800,000 traffic grant from CalTrans"
Author: Staff


-> According to a Mar. 31st Arkansas Democrat Gazette article, "Jeremy Johnston and Sandy Vick live in one of the few homes near Ringgold Elementary School that sit beside a stretch of well-kept sidewalk. Like many Benton sidewalks, it's not very long and it abruptly ends, forcing pedestrians to walk in the streets or cut through yards. 'You can see where they've cut a path,' Vick said, pointing to a swath of grass children have trampled on their way to and from school. This scenario is common in the growing Saline County city, prompting city leaders to look into ways to make the area more pedestrian friendly, especially around schools.

"This week, residents will be asked to share their ideas for making a stroll safer and more pleasant. Meanwhile, city officials are working to create new sidewalk rules for developers. The city is working with Metroplan, central Arkansas' planning agency, to develop a plan called 'Walkable Benton' with residents' input from a series of workshops. Participants will tell planners where they'd like to see sidewalks, landscaping, crosswalks and other amenities. Other suburban communities in Arkansas are trying to become more pedestrian friendly with help from Metroplan, as well. Cabot in Lonoke County and Mayflower in Faulkner County are also creating 'walkable' plans..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/3yq5sw
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Title: "Benton sets sights on sidewalks"
Author: Ginny Laroe


-> According to a Mar. 28th Vancouver Sun article, "A majority of British Columbians say rising gasoline prices are causing financial hardship in their households, according to an Angus Reid Strategies survey released Thursday. British Columbians lead Canada in turning to bicycles, public transit or selling their cars as an alternative to paying more on gas. The most popular methods for Canadians to cope with higher gas prices are driving less, buying less gas or walking more.

"But, possibly because of the rain, fewer of us in B.C. are willing to park the car and walk more. Mario Canseco, Angus Reid director of global studies, said in an interview that the survey reaffirms something the pollsters have seen before: People in this province tend to have a higher eco-consciousness than most Canadians. But the survey also reveals that British Columbians are more likely to do nothing about the bigger bite gas is taking out of their income than most Canadians, an interesting twist to the results that Canseco said reflects our obsession with personal choices..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/25egk6
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Title: "Bike, transit use rising along with gas prices"
Author: Gordon Hamilton


-> According to an Apr. 1st Daily Mail article, "Seven hours of sleep a night could be the recipe for staying in shape, say researchers. Too much or too little sleep piles on the pounds, and over the years can end in obesity. A study has found that those sleeping for less than seven hours a night gained four pounds in six years. Those sleeping for more gained three pounds over the same period. It is thought that too little or too much sleep causes hormonal changes that may stimulate appetite. 'Both short and long sleeping times predict an increased risk of future body weight and fat gain in adults,' said Jean-Philippe Chaput of Laval University in Quebec, where the study was carried out.

"'Furthermore, these results emphasise the need to add sleep duration to the list of environmental factors that are prevalent in our society and that contribute to weight gain and obesity.' One third of UK adults regularly sleep five hours or fewer a night, while the average is a healthy seven. The Canadian study, published today in the medical journal Sleep, looked at 276 adults between 21 and 64 years of age..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/yuefmd
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Title: "Sleep for more (or less) than seven hours a night and you'll put on weight"
Author: Jenny Hope


-> According to an Apr. 2nd Press & Guide article, "While you wouldn't know it from the weather outside, spring is here and that means the city's sidewalk inspection program is back for another round of repairs to the city's well-traveled walkways. 'We want our city to be a pedestrian-friendly place to live,' said Hassane Jamal, director of the city's Community and Economic Development Department (CEDD). 'By maintaining our sidewalks, we are helping to ensure the safety of our residents. That is our primary goal.'

"The project is being overseen by the city's Community and Economic Development Department and is part of an ongoing program, which allows the city to employ the services of a contractor in the event a resident fails to comply with city ordinances governing the condition and upkeep of sidewalks, approaches, ramps and curbs. This year, the program will target neighborhoods in the city's north end -- north of Ford Road, east of Inkster Road, south of Joy Road and west of Telegraph Road..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2bonfk
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Title: "North end focus of sidewalk program this year"
Author: Sean Delaney


-> According to an Apr. 1st Reuters article, "Designing walkable communities is a cost-effective way to address the growing epidemic of obesity in the United States and cut down on harmful car emissions and pollution, a researcher told the American College of Sports Medicine's 12th annual Health and Fitness Summit in Long Beach, California. The problem, said Jim Sallis from San Diego State University, is that local zoning laws essentially prevent the development of walkable communities. 'Zoning laws today,' he told Reuters Health, 'really enforce the separation of uses; they are designed to move cars as quickly as possible -- which is dangerous to pedestrians.'

"Sallis recently took a tour with urban planners in a new development in San Diego designed to be walkable. 'The developers told me they had to get 25 waivers from zoning laws to put in the development. All that kind of paperwork costs the developer time and money so it discourages them from building walkable neighborhoods,' Sallis said. He encourages people to 'be a voice for walkable neighborhoods and parks in your area and help change local zoning laws.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/2tjjec
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Title: "Walkable towns curb obesity, pollution, expert says"
Author: Megan Rauscher



-> According to an Apr. 1st New Scientist article, "The sight of small blonde girls watching television is guaranteed to strike fear into the heart of anyone who has watched the movie Poltergeist. We're right to be terrified, say physicists. Children generate poltergeist activity by channeling energy into the quantum mechanical vacuum.

"Pierro Brovetto, whose last known address was the Instituto Fisica Superiore, in Cagliari, Italy and his colleague Vera Maxia wanted to explain the origin of poltergeist phenomena, characterised by objects flying around the room 'of their own accord.' The researchers note that poltergeist encounters have been reported around the world and across different cultures, but tend to have one thing in common.

"'Poltergeist disturbances often occur in the neighbourhood of a pubescent child or a young woman,' the authors note in their paper. So Brovetto and Maxia have come up with a mechanism to explain just how these women and children create such havoc. Like so many problems that arise in adolescence, puberty gets the blame..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/26prkf



-> "...In the coming week, local artists under Wall's leadership also will grid and stencil the outline for a mural entitled 'Safe Routes to School' on the administration building adjacent to the bicycle rack at Mile High. At that point, artists and students will paint the mural..."

-> "A man trying to jaywalk across Calgary's Blackfoot Trail was struck and killed by a pickup truck on the freeway Tuesday afternoon...The truck driver was not injured, said police..."

-> "The Department of Community Health (DCH) started the Building Healthy Communities Project, a four-year program designed to help local health departments make communities more supportive of healthy lifestyles, said Gwendoline Imes, program coordinator for physical activity and nutrition at DCH.
For more on the Building Healthy Communities Project, download this 550k pdf:

-> "Officials said the increase is part of an effort to lower the number of pedestrian deaths in the city. In 2007, 13 pedestrians were killed on Edmonton streets, four of whom were jaywalking..."

-> "Scott Cutshall of Minneapolis went from 501 pounds to 232 in under three years, thanks to a special bike, soup for breakfast, and a lot of determination..."

-> "MD Ambulance spokesperson Troy Davies said pedestrians need to watch for vehicles traveling at high speeds and assume drivers don't see them unless they at least make eye contact..."

"'One possibility is to make the lights a pedestrian priority. This would mean right-of way for pedestrians, with the lights changing if cars needed to pass.'..."

-> "The members of the Lexington Bicycle Advisory Committee and Friends of Lexington Bikeways, with help from the Recreation Department and the Department of Public Works, have been working hard over the winter months to secure funding and identify key locations in town that would benefit from new bike racks..."

-> "Peterson said the counters respond to weight, so something such as a bicycle could be read as a car. He said he does not think this happens enough to skew results, however..."



"...STRRIDE: a randomized, controlled study of exercise intensity and amount;" by Slentz, Aiken, Houmard, Bales, Johnson, Tanner, Duscha, Kraus; J Appl Physiol 99: 1613-1618, 2005. First published July 7, 2005. (downloadable 185k pdf)

Green Communities' spring newsletter
For more on Green Communities and Active & Safe Routes to School, go to:

"...Physical Activity in a Population Survey; by Ewing Garber, Allsworth, Marcus, Hesser, and Lapane; American Journal of Public Health, 10.2105/AJPH.2007.123075.

"...Pedestrian-Related Roadway Crashes;" Colorado Department of Transportation report explores potential trends, based on patterns in crash types and causes,
associated with crashes involving bicyclists and pedestrians. (1.5mb pdf)

TRB Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2031 includes 9 papers that explore bicycle level of service, bicycling demand, bicyclist intersection safety index, bicycle safety, motorcycle training effectiveness, motorcycle ownership and commuter usage, and mobility patterns of motorcycle and moped riders.

"...BUS-AND-PEDESTRIAN COLLISIONS;" TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 125. (3.2mb pdf)

Comprehensive look at Bikes Belong's 2007 projects and grants; Mar. 21, 2008. (1.7mb pdf).



Additional training opportunities are available on the National Center for Bicycling & Walking web site. Add your own items to the on-line calendar...it's quick and easy. Please be sure your calendar items pertain to training and workshops in the bicycle, pedestrian, or livable community fields. Go to:


-> April 4, 2008, Arizona Bicycle Conference, Mesa, AZ. Info:

-> April 11-13, 2008, Thunderhead Alliance Winning Campaigns Training, San Francisco, CA. Info: Training is for leaders of Thunderhead organizations.

-> April 13, 2008, Walk MS 2008 (Rhode Island), Bristol, Pawtucket, and Narragansett, RI. Info: Rhode Island Chapter of the National MS Society; phone: (401) 738-8383.

-> April 20, 2008, Walk MS 2008 (Rhode Island), Bristol, Pawtucket, and Narragansett, RI. Info: Rhode Island Chapter of the National MS Society; phone: (401) 738-8383.

-> April 22-26, 2008, Ecocity World Summit 2008, San Francisco CA. Info:

-> April 25, 2008, Toronto Bike Summit 2008. To register and for more information, visit TCAT’s Web site at: http://tinyurl.com/2kafma ; call 416.392.0290

-> May 5-8, 2008, Train the Trainer, Advanced Leadership Training, Chicago, IL. Info: Training is for leaders of Thunderhead organizations.

-> May 17, 2008, 5th Annual Tour de Nash, Nashville, TN. Info: Tour de Nash; email: <tdn@walkbikenashville.org>

-> May 18-21, 2008, National Roundabout Conference, Kansas City, MO. Info: Richard Pain; email: <RPain@nas.edu>.

-> May 19-21, 2008, 13th Int'l Conf. on Urban Planning, Regional Development, and Information Society ("Real Corp 08"), Vienna, AT. Info:

-> June 15-18, 2008, Transportation Research Board Summer Conference, Baltimore, MD. Info:

-> June 19-20, 2008, Designing Pedestrian Facilities for Accessibility Workshop, Bend OR. Sponsored by the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP), the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the US Access Board, and the City of Bend. Info: Kim Burgess, City of Bend, phone: (541) 693-2182; email: <kburgess@ci.bend.or.us>

-> June 23-25, 2008, World Cities Summit, Singapore. Info: Anna Lee, Project Manager, World Cities Summit 2008, phone: +65 6542 8660 ext 168; fax: +65 6542 8683; email: <info@worldcities.com.sg>

-> August 4-5, 2008, 3rd New Zealand Walking Conference, Auckland, NZ. Info: Glenda, Harding Consultants; phone: 03 352 5595; email: <Glenda@hardingconsultants.co.nz>

-> August 17-19 2008, National Rural Transportation Conference, Duluth, MN. Info:

-> August 31-September 2, 2008, Thunderhead Retreat, Seattle, WA. Info: Retreat is for leaders of Thunderhead organizations.

-> September 2-5, 2008, Pro Walk/Pro Bike Conference, Seattle, WA; hosted at the Westin Seattle. Watch for info at: http://www.bikewalk.org/2008conference/index.html

-> September 29-October 2, Physical Activity for Public Health, Banff, AB, Canada. Info:

-> October 21-25, 2008 National Preservation Conference, Tulsa, OK. Info:

-> October 27-28, 2008, Impact of Changing Demographics on the Transportation System Conference, Washington, D.C. Info:

-> November 15-18, 2008, National Trails Symposium, Little Rock AR. Info: Candace Mitchell; phone: 530-547-2060; email: <candace@americantrails.org>


$69,108 - $82,032/YR plus excellent benefits

The City of Berkeley is seeking a qualified person to serve as an Associate Planner in the Transportation Division of the Public Works Department to carry out a variety of tasks primarily related to pedestrian and bicycle programs and planning. The selected staff would be expected to implement the City's Pedestrian and Bicycle Plans, develop funding proposals, manage grants, review pavement legend, striping and signage plans, expand bicycle parking, and develop new programs as directed. Additional duties may be assigned as needed.

The position requires the equivalent to graduation from a four-year college with major coursework in city, regional, or urban planning or a closely related field and two (2) years of professional planning experience. Progressively responsible related experience may be substituted for the college coursework on a year-for-year basis. Must be able to attend evening meetings as required. Experience with local planning, traffic engineering and/or facility design is desirable.

For additional information regarding the duties of the position, call the City of Berkeley Public Works Transportation Division at (510) 981-7010, or email <transportation@ci.berkeley.ca.us>. Applications will be accepted between March 17, 2008 and April 21, 2008 only. Submit applications to the City of Berkeley Human Resources Department. For information regarding the application process, call Human Resources at (510) 981-6888, or visit our website:


Naples Pathways Coalition, Inc. of Collier Co., Florida, seeks a halftime staff person to lead and grow the organization, with the opportunity to expand the position to full-time as fundraising success permits. Responsibilities include policy work, public education and media advocacy, fundraising, and outreach and organizing throughout the greater Collier County area. The position presents a great opportunity to play a critical role in transforming southwest Florida into a more healthy and sustainable region.

Job description: http://tinyurl.com/3xyxjc
Website: http://tinyurl.com/2ef32j


The Chicagoland Bicycle Federation is seeking a Senior Active Transportation Planner. CBF offers professional services to clients who seek a progressive and innovative approach to making bicycling, walking and transit a significant part of daily life in their community or region. The Chicagoland Bicycle Federation is looking for a full Senior Transportation Planner to lead the national's premier bicycle and pedestrian advocacy organization's planning and technical assistance consulting efforts.

The ideal candidate should be excited to take an entrepreneurial approach to planning that melds professional top-notch technical assistance with a strong voice for promoting non-motorized transportation. This is not a starting level position and candidates should bring a wealth of resources to the table including marketing, planning and project management. Candidates must be able to embrace both the planning and advocacy sides of this position and relish the opportunity to make a strong difference in regional transportation policy and planning.

The position reports to the Executive Director and has supervisory responsibilities for four employees including offsite field consultants. The Bicycle and Pedestrian Project Planner will be skilled and dogged, available and prepared to carry out the objectives of the Planning & Design section of the Chicagoland Bicycle Federation. This planner will expend professional energy achieving objectives that move Chicagoland toward revolutionary change in transportation.

See full job posting at: http://tinyurl.com/3xfuxj




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Contributors: John Williams, Bill Wilkinson, Gary MacFadden, Mark Plotz, Sharon Roerty, Bob Chauncey, Chris Jordan, Anne Villacres, Ross Trethewey, Linda Tracy, Harrison Marshall, Russell Houston, Deb Hubsmith, Sue Knaup, Eric Fredericks, Rochelle Wheeler, Eric Gilliland, Tony Hull, Matthew Lang, Stephan Vance, Laurel Davis, Fred Sztabinski, Katy Jones, Dan Grunig, and Walter "Shakey" Horton.

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