#215 Wednesday, November 26, 2008


CenterLines is the bi-weekly e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking. CenterLines is our way of quickly delivering news and information you can use to create more walkable and bicycle-friendly communities.

----- Register Now For "Bring Smart Trips Home" Webinar, Dec. 17th
----- Privatization is the Answer. What was the Question?
----- Portland (OR): Bikes 20% of Hawthorn Bridge Traffic
----- Todd Litman on Rethinking Transportation Safety
----- Rails-to-Trails: Sign Our Petition to Obama
----- Transportation Alternatives Pushes Bike Access
----- AASHTO Launches Transportation Marketing Project
----- Underground Railroad Bicycle Route Wins Award
----- 1000 Friends CT Conference Talks Complete Streets
----- Bikes Belong Awards $40,000 in Grants


----- Bike Industry Doing Well Despite Worldwide Recession
----- San Francisco (CA) Weighs Congestion Toll
----- Radar-Triggered Signs Cut Ketchum (ID) Speeding
----- A Cycling Future in Downtown Clemson (SC)
----- Millville (NJ) Mayor Touts New Walkable Grocery
----- Americans Drive Less, Creating a...Problem?
----- Nat'l Parks Rule Change Would Benefit Bicycling
----- Worksman Bike Maker Keeps on Rolling
----- Does Closing Roads Cut Delays?



-> Linda Ginenthal and Jessica Roberts will present "Bring Smart Trips Home," for the next Professional Development Webinar on December 17th, 2008, from 3:00 to 4:00 p.m. EST. The webinar series is presented jointly by the National Center for Bicycling & Walking (NCBW), the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP) and Cullbridge Communications. You can view additional webinar topics and presenters in this series at: http://www.bikewalk.org/webinarsfuture.php.

Ginenthal directs Portland, Oregon's successful SmartTrips program, which uses individualized marketing to change trip behavior. (A case study concerning Portland's SmartTrips program prepared by Ms. Ginenthal won a 2007 Best Case Study award from the APBP, and is available on the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center website at http://tinyurl.com/5cnpzw )

Roberts, of Alta Planning and Design, is taking Portland's SmartTrips program on the road, working most intensely with two communities funded by the U.S. Department of Transportation's Non-Motorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP). She will share insights about modifying Portland's SmartTrips program to other locales.

SmartTrips is gaining momentum nationally and internationally. Plan to attend the Dec. 17th webinar, learn about these programs, and then begin planning your own SmartTrips program for your community! Register for the webinar at:

by Mark Plotz - NCBW Program Manager

Yesterday, as I was searching for statistics on the websites of NHTSA, BTS, and FHWA for use in a CenterLines story, I came across the Secretary of Transportation's latest press release (http://tinyurl.com/6m3xsw). The news is that Americans drove less in FY2008 and, as a result, the Highway Trust Fund revenue will come up at least $3 billion short in FY2008. For me this was fantastic news because this was irrefutable proof that the non driving public was directly subsidizing the driving public. Or, to put it in terms the Secretary could understand: Bridges don't fall down because bicycle paths are built; bicyclists' taxes are building and maintaining those bridges.

Before I prematurely gave thanks, I read on:

"Our current approach has us encouraging Americans to change their driving habits and burn less fuel while secretly hoping they drive more so we can finance new bridges, repair interstates and expand transit systems," said Secretary Peters. 'We need a new approach that compliments, instead of contradicts, our energy policies and infrastructure needs.'"

To the casual reader this might sound like a sensible statement. However, given the Secretary's previous statements on said 'new approaches' to transportation funding, I blinked a few times, rubbed my eyes, blinked again, and then ultimately ventured into Blogistan to make sure I was interpreting her statement correctly.

I will start with the Practical Cyclist' Blog:

"OK. As long as that doesn't mean privatizing our roads."

Cascadia Prospectus breaks down the argument on federal transportation funding into two positions: the Conservatives versus the Innovators. Secretary Peters is considered an Innovator:

"The Innovators, on the other hand, tend to think that the time has come for a fundamental rethinking of how the nation's surface transportation system should be financed and managed. They question whether the gasoline tax alone can continue to fund the nation's growing transportation needs. They point to the likely trend of rising vehicle fuel efficiency, increasing cost of road construction and eroding value of the tax dollar as reasons why we need to diversify the funding sources.

"They do not suggest doing away with the Highway Trust Fund, for its resources will be vitally needed to help preserve, rehabilitate and upgrade existing highways and bridges. But they think that funding new infrastructure will require a fresh approach. They see tolling, congestion pricing, private capital, private road concessions and public-private partnerships becoming vital elements of highway financing and management.

"With financial responsibility for new infrastructure shifted to the states, Innovators see the federal role in surface transportation diminishing. They think inflation-indexed tolling may become a significant source of revenue to the states and they assume that toll roads will become a sound investment for the private sector. Finally, they believe that the surface transportation program should become more targeted. Federal funding, they contend, should be focused on the most pressing problems such as traffic congestion and freight movement and not dissipated on a large number of unrelated projects of local interest.

"The most prominent spokesmen for this point of view are Transportation Secretary Mary Peters, certain members of the National Surface Transportation Infrastructure Finance Commission and several governors, notably Mitch Daniels (IN), Rick Perry (TX) and Charlie Crist (FL)."

Not surprising, it is rumored that Alligator Alley may be on the auction block. See: http://tinyurl.com/5v9gbj
Source: http://tinyurl.com/5gh489

Lest you think that privatization of government function to be a discredited and thoroughly disproved ideology, take a look at a recent prospectus by A.E. Feldman, paying particular attention to the last few paragraphs:
See: http://tinyurl.com/666o4d

Maybe some of that bailout money will make it into infrastructure investment after all.

If you are interested in knowing what the party in exile will be working on with respect to federal transportation policy, I suggest you start here:

"Refocus. Reform. Renew."

"Innovation Wave: An Update on the Burgeoning Private Sector Role in U.S. Highway and Transit Infrastructure."

FHWA's Public Private Partnerships office


According to a Nov. 6th BikePortland.org blog posted by Jonathan Maus, "...PDOT has released their full, 29-page, 2008 Bicycle Count Report. In general, biking is way up all over the city. That's not exactly earth-shattering, but some of the numbers and findings are quite interesting.

"I don't have time to get into many details, but below are the highlights.
* Bicycle use in Portland showed a double-digit increase for the fourth straight year.
* Bicycle traffic on Portland's 4 bicycle-friendly bridges and at 68 non-bridge locations citywide showed annual increases of 15% and 32%, respectively.
* Compared to 2007, overall bicycle use in Portland increased 28%.
* Bicycles represent approximately 20%, 15%, 14%, and 5% of all vehicles on the Hawthorne, Steel, Broadway, and Burnside bridges (compared with 18%, 15%, 12%, and 3% in 2007), respectively; overall, bicycles represent 13% of all vehicles on these four bicycle-friendly Willamette River bridges.
* Bicycle traffic in Portland has nearly tripled since 2001.
* Helmet use is at an all-time high, and has risen steadily since the 1990's. In 2008, 80% of recorded cyclists wore helmets, up from 63% in 1997 and 76% in 2007.
* The proportion of women riders is at an all-time high. In 2008, 32% of all cyclists were female, up from 26% in 1997 and 31% in 2007.
* Bicycle counts conducted in March were approximately half those of the summer, but are nearly identical to the summer counts recorded in 2002..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5jvn6f
Download the 11MB PDF here: http://tinyurl.com/5cv2ho


-> According to a Nov. 19th Planetizen article by Todd Litman, executive director of the Victoria (BC) Transport Policy Institute, "A paradigm shift is changing the way we think about transportation safety. In the past, traffic safety experts evaluated risk using distance-based units (traffic crashes and casualties per 100 million vehicle-miles or billion vehicle-kilometers), which ignores increases in vehicle traffic as a risk factor, and mobility management as a safety strategy. Yet, we now have overwhelming evidence that the amount people drive has a major impact on their chance of being injured or killed in a traffic accident. Here is a small portion of the evidence: [Litman lists 4 references; see this issue's Resources section for information and links]...

"Truly optimal traffic safety policies require changing the way we think about, evaluate and implement traffic safety. Transportation policies that stimulate increased driving are likely to increase traffic risk, while mobility management strategies that reduce total vehicle travel and encourage shifts to alternative modes are likely to increase traffic safety. The new paradigm greatly expands the range of traffic safety strategies, including improvements to alternative modes, pricing reforms, and smart growth land use policies. It also requires considering co-benefits, since mobility management strategies can also help solve other problems, such as traffic and parking congestion, pollution emissions, excessive consumer costs, inadequate mobility for non-drivers, and inadequate public fitness and health..." [Additional resources may be found at the link below]

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5nqcbe


-> A Nov. 20th Rails-to-Trails Conservancy news release suggests, "Add your name to this petition to President-elect Obama and key congressional leaders. Within days of President-elect Obama taking office, Congress will likely pass a new large-scale economic recovery package, aiming to create millions of jobs. A significant percentage of this package may be allocated specifically to transportation infrastructure. This presents both a threat and an opportunity.

"The threat: Unless we speak up, these transportation funds will go overwhelmingly to road projects -- the same unbalanced strategy that has created our existing transportation problems.

"The opportunity: Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, in partnership with Thunderhead Alliance and America Bikes, has collected a list of hundreds of ready-to-go active transportation projects from communities across the country. These projects would create new jobs and revitalize communities by funding trails, bike lanes, sidewalks and other infrastructure.

"This would meet the ultimate goal of the recovery package: creating immediate jobs. Additionally, such an investment strategy would provide both immediate economic benefits and lasting positive change.

"The long-term benefits are many: promoting local businesses along active transportation corridors; reducing health care costs; and curbing climate change emissions and oil dependency. These projects would also establish the principle that active transportation infrastructure is a wise, efficient and desirable public investment."

Find the petition here: http://tinyurl.com/6g9l8v


-> According to an article in the Nov. 20th T.A. StreetBeat newsletter, "Next stop bike access! A new City Council bill would mandate reasonable provisions for bike access to buildings. That's big news for bike commuters. After years of negotiations between City Council members, the real estate lobby, commercial building owners and transportation advocates, a better Bikes in Buildings Bill has made it to the floor of City Council.

"On November 13th, Council Members David Yassky and Gale Brewer introduced Intro. 871, a piece of legislation that mandates bike access to all existing commercial buildings, and insists that new residential, commercial and retail construction include bicycle parking from the get-go. Not only does this landmark legislation complement the Department of City Planning's <http://transalt.org/newsroom/releases/2781>recent changes in the zoning code, it also addresses the single biggest impediment for today's would-be bike commuters: draconian policies by building management that keep bikes from entering most commercial buildings."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5kc6zu


-> According to the first issue of a new marketing newsletter from the American Association of State and Highway Officials (the self-described "Voice of Transportation"), "Next week, AASHTO is planning to launch its latest marketing effort, 'What the New President and Congress Should Know About Transportation,' a web- and video-based effort inviting the public to tell us what's on their minds about the state of transportation today. We'd love to hear from you -- post your comment or video..."

Go to: http://tinyurl.com/6rdb4u


-> According to a Nov. 18th news release, "Adventure Cycling Association's nationally acclaimed Underground Railroad Bicycle Route has won the American Trails National Partnership Award. Announced last night at the 19th National Trails Symposium in Little Rock, Arkansas, this award recognizes the unique partnership forged between Adventure Cycling Association and the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Minority Health to create a 2,028-mile bicycle route memorializing the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses by which freedom seekers attempted to escape slavery before and during the Civil War. The Underground Railroad Bicycle Route passes points of interest and historic sites from Mobile, Alabama, a busy port for slavery during the pre-civil war era, north to Owen Sound, Ontario, a town founded by free blacks in 1857..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5wacvh


-> According to an article in the Nov. 18th issue of Mobilizing the Region, "One reason smart growth is called "smart" is because it creates a lively street experience and reduces automobile use by allowing people to walk, cycle, and take transit to many destinations. So it was fitting that last week's 1000 Friends of Connecticut Smart Growth Conference in New Haven devoted a panel discussion to the complete streets approach, which argues that roads must be planned to accommodate all users, including pedestrians, cyclists, and transit users.

"Susan Van Benschoten, chief operating officer of planning firm Fitzgerald and Halliday, began with a general overview of the complete streets approach. TSTC senior planner Ryan Lynch identified key aspects of strong complete streets policies, using examples from around the country. For example, Oregon's policy mandates that all roads in the state accommodate non-motorized users, while a weaker policy might apply only to state roads, or say only that the state 'consider' all users while planning projects. He also discussed complete streets legislation being debated in Congress.

"New Haven Alderwoman Erin Sturgis-Pascale rounded out the discussion with her experiences shepherding complete streets legislation through New Haven's Board of Alders. New Haven's traffic calming movement gained traction as citizens responded to the pedestrian deaths of a Yale medical student and a fifth-grader in the spring and summer; Sturgis-Pascale was one of two sponsors of recently passed legislation that will create a committee (of elected and agency officials and members of the public) that will guide the development of a complete streets policy, design manual, community planning process, and educational campaign.

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5f3rzn

*The presentation (364kb pdf) is available here: http://tinyurl.com/59lpdz


-> According to a Nov. 24th news release, "Bikes Belong is pleased to award funding to five great bike-facility projects this fall. These grant awards will help communities in Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Ohio, and South Carolina construct paths and parks that will encourage active commuting and great recreational riding.

-- "Greenville County Recreation District—Swamp Rabbit Trail (South Carolina).
A $10,000 grant will help Greenville County Recreation District construct the 10-mile Swamp Rabbit Trail.

-- "Raccoon River Valley Trail Association—Raccoon River Valley Trail (Des Moines, Iowa, Metro Area). The Raccoon River Valley Trail Association (RRVTA) will receive $10,000 to help pave their namesake trail in west-central Iowa.

-- "Wamego Community Foundation—Wam-Sag-Man Trail (Kansas)
The Wamego Community Foundation will use their $10,000 grant award to pave the Wam-Sag-Man Trail.

-- "City of Lancaster, Ohio—Lancaster City Loop. A $5,000 Bikes Belong grant will help the City of Lancaster, Ohio, build a 9.6-mile multi-use loop around their town.

-- "The Village of Mayville, Michigan—Mayville BMX Park
The Village of Mayville, Michigan, will use their $5,000 grant to build bike elements at their new BMX/skate park..."

For more info, go to: http://tinyurl.com/6zgfr9


-> "Right now, the U.S. consumes about 10% of the world's oil supply just to get back and forth to work. If we are able to reintroduce the bicycle into our communities, we are going to make it easier for people to break our addiction to oil. I have cycled to work in Washington, D.C., for 12 years. I've burned over 300,000 calories and saved $94,000 in car costs, 206 gallons of fuel, and 4800 pounds of carbon dioxide."
-- Earl Blumenauer, U.S. House of Representatives (D., Ore.)

-> "We estimate that Minneapolis and its neighboring communities could shift a significant percentage of driving trips to walking and bicycling. For the past half-century, America has spent the majority of its transportation resources building a transportation system that can't meet all of our transportation needs. By shifting even a small percentage of our trips to bicycling or walking, a person can save money."
-- Joan Pasiuk, Program Director, Bike Walk Twin Cities initiative

-> "When a cyclist is killed by a driver who was text-messaging someone, you read as much in the paper about how awful the driver feels. We've made driving so easy, accessible and convenient -- and the system is so forgiving -- that people can drive distracted at great speeds and mostly get away with it. But we've seen conclusively that not paying attention will cause bad things to happen; studies have shown that distracted driving is just as dangerous as driving drunk. We should be penalizing those people the same way that we treat drunk drivers."
-- Andy Clarke, Executive Director, League of American Bicyclists

-> "Few things humanize hostile streets more than people riding bikes, whether it's a child, a young woman in a dress or even a businessman in a three-piece suit."
-- Alex Marshall and Neal Peirce

-> "The surface transportation system, championed by President Eisenhower 50 years ago, greatly contributed to our country's security, global economic competitiveness and overall quality of life. As we look to the future, we must maintain our current system, but also reawaken the vision of the past to provide the same quality of life for future generations..."
-- Paul Yarossi, President, HNTB Holdings Ltd

-> "We go from shock to trance. You know, oil prices go up, gas prices at the pump go up, everybody goes into a flurry of activity. And then the prices go back down and suddenly we act like it's not important...And, as a consequence, we never make any progress. It's part of the addiction, all right. That has to be broken. Now is the time to break it."
-- Barack Obama, President-Elect



About articles and archives: Most newspapers allow readers free access to articles for a week or two. After that, many charge a per-article fee. These, we identify as having an archive cost. Some papers don't charge regardless of how old an article is. These, we identify as not having an archive cost.


-> According to a Nov. 26th Atlanta Journal-Constitution article, "One comes across surprising nuggets in the financial media, regardless of the economic season. Take for instance a recent story about the bicycle industry. Interestingly, one of the world industries seemingly not suffering in the current worldwide recession, if we can agree that the embargo over calling it that has now expired, is the bicycling business.

"Top bicycle and bicycle parts makers in Taiwan and Japan are reporting steadily increasing revenues, despite the falling popularity around the world of the bicycle's four-wheeled cousin. And while I'm not quite sure that the data support any rush to judgment that commuters are peddling to work in greater numbers, we can at least feel confident that consumer spending on this basic commodity is steady. Revenue projections put out by Taiwan's largest such concern, Giant Manufacturing, continue uphill (in the best of senses) well on into 2009..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5s526d
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "As others fall, bicycles ride high"
Author: Ron Goodden


-> According to a Nov. 25th Chronicle article, "Drivers could pay $3 to enter, leave or pass through parts of San Francisco during morning and evening commutes under a proposal designed to push motorists out of their cars. The San Francisco County Transportation Authority, which has been studying the idea of imposing congestion-based tolls on city streets for nearly two years, released some of the details of its study today at a meeting of its board, which is made up of the 11 members of the Board of Supervisors. The board won't consider recommending a congestion toll plan until February, but members nodded their heads during the report and at least three, Jake McGoldrick, Tom Ammiano and Ross Mirkarimi, offered words of support. 'Clearly, I like where this is going,' said Mirkarimi.

"The congestion toll, if implemented, would be the first in the nation. Similar tolls, also known as cordon tolls, have been used in London and Stockholm, where they're credited with reducing traffic congestion, air pollution and miles driven. They also have raised tens of millions annually for public transportation improvements. While many of the details are still being studied, Zabe Bent, principal planner for the authority, said a $3 toll was chosen because it would likely influence how many people chose to drive versus walking, biking or taking transit...Transit improvements that could be funded with the toll include...electrification of the Caltrain line, bicycle lanes and a bike sharing program..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5boezj
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Transit plan would get motorists out of cars"
Author: Michael Cabanatuan


-> According to a Nov. 26th Express article, "Ketchum police are reporting a 'dramatic reduction in speeds' since three radar-activated speed check signs were installed on the three-way approaches to the intersection of Warm Springs and Saddle roads. Ketchum Police Sgt. Dave Kassner said the signs have triggered inquiries from as far away as the state of Washington. The three signs, which flash an oncoming vehicle's speed in bright orange numbers, have been installed about 500 feet in three directions from the Warm Springs-Saddle intersection in a 20-mph zone.

"Kassner said Tuesday that the sites are no accident. Concentrated in that general area is the YMCA, Rotary Park, Guy Coles Skate Park, Presbyterian Church of the Big Wood school, several pedestrian crosswalks and the nearby Hemingway Elementary School—in other words, an area generating a lot of foot traffic that competes with vehicular activity. Money for the three signs -- about $7,200 apiece, including solar power and a device that records vehicle counts and speeds -- came from a police trust fund compiled from drug forfeiture cases. Now, caution lights financed by the Safe Routes to School program are being installed atop light standards at the Warm Springs crosswalk leading to Hemingway Elementary..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/6epbap
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Radar-triggered signs cut Ketchum speeding"
Author: Pat Murphy


-> According to a Nov. 25th Upstate Today article, "Professors, engineers and 'out-of-the-box' thinkers, now more than ever, have been brainstorming ways to become more fuel efficient and utilize alternative ways of travel. For 44 third-year architecture students at Clemson University, the studio design projects called for them to model and create a 'bike depot.'

"Centered around the idea of a 'one stop cycle shopping' area for the faculty, staff and students in the town of Clemson, bikes would be able to be rented and used for the day. Upon returning, renters would be greeted with a bike-friendly building that allows for a fast turnaround and easy access...'We can create a walkable, bikeable town,' said Stephen Verderber, one of four Clemson professors who worked on the project. 'Clemson is so car-dependent right now. It would save so much.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/6c8n82
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "A cycling future in the heart of downtown"
Author: Jessica M. Sibley


-> According to a Nov. 25th Press article, "The center city neighborhood's newest supermarket is open for business. Gone from the once blighted entrance to the city's downtown are the boarded-up windows and the deteriorating facade. In their place is new construction, brightly lit signs and, most importantly, customers. Save-a-Lot opened its newest supermarket at the familiar location on the corner of Main and High streets, the former home of IGA Supermarket and, more recently, Daunora's Family Market, which closed nearly two years ago in December 2006...

"Millville Mayor Jim Quinn said the market is a dramatic improvement for the area and the city at large. 'It certainly does look a lot better than it did and maybe better than it ever did,' he said. 'I think it's really great and it's really going to mean a lot to the neighborhood and especially the residents within walking distance.' The city has three other supermarkets brands, but the Acme, ShopRite and Pathmark are located relatively close to each other on Delsea Drive, a significant distance from Millville's center city and 3rd Ward neighborhoods. Save-a-Lot is also located within walking distance of the city's senior housing complexes..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5brsd7
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Save-a-Lot opens in center city Millville"
Author: Edward Van Embden


-> According to a Nov. 24th Wall Street Journal article, "When gasoline prices shot over $4 a gallon this summer, Americans didn't wait for Washington to respond with an energy policy. They took action on their own by driving less and switching to more fuel-efficient cars. The results are dramatic, but also problematic. The good news is that gasoline consumption has fallen compared with a year earlier in every month from March through September of this year, according to data from the Energy Information Administration. Vehicle miles traveled -- the wonky term for how much we drive -- have dropped for 11 straight months, and fell 4.4% in September, according to the Department of Transportation.

"The only people driving more in September than a year earlier were the proud few who live in North Dakota and the denizens of the District of Columbia. The lousy economy depressed driving in many parts of the country. Our nation's capital, however, is a rock that's always above the water line whether the economic tide is high or low. In short, many Americans, by choice or by default, did what the people who worry about the climate and U.S. dependence on petroleum wanted them to do. They burned about 5% less gasoline in August than a year ago, according to Energy Information Administration data..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/6r3jqa
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Americans Drive Less, Creating a Problem"
Author: Joseph White


-> According to a Nov. 24th Bicycle Newswire article, "An upcoming National Park Service (NPS) rule change could greatly benefit mountain bicycling by improving the administrative process for opening trails to bicyclists. IMBA has been asking the agency to revise its policies since 1992, because the current 'special regulations' process is needlessly cumbersome and treats bicycles like motorized vehicles.

"The NPS has said the proposal for new rules will be formally announced later this year. IMBA hopes the enhanced procedure will allow park superintendents to make trail access decisions locally, instead of being tied to a Washington-based, multi-year regulatory journey. The new rule would treat bicycling like other non-motorized trail users, such as equestrians.

"The suggested NPS rule change would only apply to places where including bicycling is deemed non controversial, and would maintain current requirements for environmental review and public notice. Opening a trail to bicycling must be done in compliance with the National Park Service Organic Act, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the Historic Preservation Act, and all NPS General Management Planning processes..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5eabf4
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Expected Rule Change Would Benefit Bicycling in National Parks"
Authors: Jenn Dice and Drew Vankat, IMBA


-> According to a Nov. 15th National Public Radio story, "The legendary names in U.S. bicycle manufacturing have all but disappeared. But at a factory in a residential part of Queens, N.Y., there's a bike maker that's been around for more than a century. You've probably never heard of them, but Worksman Cycles is the oldest existing bicycle manufacturer in the country.

"The next time you're in New York or some other big city and you buy a hotdog from a street vendor or see a pizza delivery guy riding by, check out their wheels. Chances are they're peddling or pushing a Worksman, though the name may be tough to read. Some of these battered specialty bikes are 20, 30 or even 40 years old.

"Wayne Sosin, president of Worksman, recently showed off some bright orange, yellow and blue tricycles used for factory work. They run around $1,200 and provide an emissions-free alternative to golf carts and forklifts..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/5ae527
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Nation's Oldest Existing Bike Maker Keeps On Rolling"
Author: Peter Breslow


-> According to an Oct. 6th Bright Green Blog entry, "File this one under 'intensely counterintuitive.' A recent study has found that closing off certain streets can actually relieve traffic congestion. Using Google Maps, a trio of scientists -- Hyejin Youn and Hawoong Jeong, of the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and Michael Gastner, of the Santa Fe Institute -- looked at traffic routes in Boston, New York, and London. Their paper, titled 'The Price of Anarchy in Transportation Networks: Efficiency and Optimality Control' and published in the journal Physical Letters, found that, when individual drivers seek the quickest route, they sometimes end up slowing things down for everybody.

"It all hinges on something called Braess's Paradox (and yes, I appreciate the irony of a Wikipedia entry that challenges the wisdom of crowds), which states that adding capacity to a network in which all the moving entities rationally seek the most efficient route can sometimes reduce the network's overall efficiency. The authors give a simple example of how this could play out: Imagine two routes to a destination, a short but narrow bridge and a longer but wider highway. Let's also imagine that the combined travel times of all the drivers is shortest if half take the bridge and half take the highway. But because each driver is selfishly trying to seek the shortest route for himself, this doesn't happen..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/47hg76
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Does closing roads cut delays?"
Author: Eoin O'Carroll



-> "A sea slug that gains the ability to turn sunlight into energy from the algae it eats is arguably the first functional plant-animal hybrid found in nature..." Read the story and watch a video here:

-> "The next grammar book I bring out I want to tell how to end a sentence with five prepositions. A father of a little boy goes upstairs after supper to read to his son, but he brings the wrong book. The boy says, 'What did you bring that book that I don't want to be read to out of up for?'"
-- E.B. White



-> "The school and the city received a grant for "Safe Routes to School" from the State Department of Transportation."

-> "'In the middle of Franklin Street in traffic's probably not a good place for a dance party, especially given the traffic versus pedestrian situations we've had recently.'"

-> "European Union governments moved closer on Monday towards a deal on cutting greenhouse gas emissions from cars, but failed to agree on details ahead of key negotiations with the bloc's parliament, diplomats said..."



"...Occupant And Pedestrian Fatalities;" by Ewing, Schieber and Zegeer, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 93, No. 9, pp. 1541-1545; 2003. (204kb pdf)

"...Vehicle Fatalities In Decades?;" Report UMTRI-2008-39, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute; by Michael Sivak; 2008. (500kb pdf)

"...Traffic Safety Impacts;" Victoria Transport Policy Institute report; by Litman and Fitzroy, 2006. (456kb pdf)

"...Safer Walking and Bicycling;" article by Peter L. Jacobsen; Injury Prevention, Vol. 9, 2003, pp. 205-209) 2003. (140kb pdf)

"...A Primer on Public Participation in Planning; by the Oregon Citizen Involvement Committee; May 2008. (648k pdf)

"... Healthy Eating and Active Living and instruction guide for teachers or community members in King County" (WA); pilot project that allows people in King County to map the resources for healthy eating and active living in their neighborhood. (8.2mb pdf)

"...Pedestrian Visibility in Crosswalks" (abstract); Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board; Volume 2056/2008. (690kb pdf; full article cost: $25.00)

"...Countermeasures;" NCHRP Report 622; Nov. 21, 2008; by Preusser, Williams, Nichols, Tison, & Chaudhary. (1.7mb pdf)

"...Volume 1: Session Summaries;" TRB Conference Proceedings 42; May 21-23, 2006 conference; Katherine F. Turnbull, Texas Transportation Institute Rapporteur. (3.2mb pdf)

"...Further Efforts Needed to Address Data Limitations and Better Align Funding with States' Top Safety Priorities;" GAO Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Environment and Public Works, U.S. Senate; GAO-09-35; Nov. 2008. (990kb pdf)

"of Transportation and Technology;" Final summary report of the STAR–TEA 21 project; Univ. of Minnesota Center for Transportation Studies; 2007. (1.3mb pdf)

"...to Resolving Land Use Conflicts Around Airports;" Mineta Transportation Institute MTI Report 06-05; by Lee, Gosling, and Irvin; Sept. 2008. (24.2mb pdf)



Additional training opportunities are available on the National Center for Bicycling & Walking web site. Add your own items to the on-line calendar...it's quick and easy. Please be sure your calendar items pertain to training and workshops in the bicycle, pedestrian, or livable community fields. Go to:


-> December 2-3, 2008, Implementing a Sidewalk Management System, Madison (WI). Info:

-> December 4-5, 2008, Solving Neighborhood Traffic Problems, Madison (WI). Info:

-> December 15-17, 2008, International Conference on Integrated Transport for Sustainable Urban Development, Beijing, China. Info: Martine Micozzi, TRB, <mmicozzi@nas.edu>.

-> January 22-24, 2009, 8th Annual New Partners for Smart Growth, Albuquerque, NM. Info: http://tinyurl.com/6mlrmr

-> March 15-20, 2009, PTBA Conference, Asheville NC. Info: Michael Passo
Professional Trailbuilders Association, PO Box 28514, Bellingham, WA 98228; phone: 360-734-7270; email: <mpasso@trailbuilders.org>

-> March 25-28, 2009, Health and Fitness Summit and Exposition, Atlanta GA. Info: American College of Sports Medicine

-> April 22-25, 2009, 14th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society, Sitges (Spain / Catalonia). Info:

-> May 12-15, 2009, Velo-City 2009, Brussels, Belgium. Info:

-> June 5-7, 2009, 7th International Conference on Diet and Activity Methods, Washington, DC. Info:

-> September 15-16, 2009, Research to Practice Symposium Promoting Environmental and Policy Change to Support Healthy Aging, Chapel Hill, NC. Information and updates will be available at:



Bicycle Colorado has posted a position for Education Program Manager whose main function is assisting in the hands on execution of Safe Routes to School programs around Colorado.

If you know anyone who may be interested please pass along this link:


Cascade Bicycle Club (CBC), a Seattle-based organization with 10,000 members, is dedicated to building a better community through bicycling. The Club is a local, regional, and state-wide leader in bicycle and transportation advocacy and provides bicycle commuting programming and youth and adult safety education and training.

Position Goals
We are seeking a Deputy Director to serve as the Club's Chief Operating Officer to the Executive Director and oversee day-to-day financial, administrative, and logistical operations. The Deputy Director reports directly to the Executive Director and functions as his surrogate as necessary. The Deputy Director also has regular interaction with the Board of Directors and its officers and will participate in key strategic decisions. A strong emphasis is placed on team building and hands-on management of key programs, as well as managing departmental heads to set and achieve important key performance indicators.

- Serves as advisor to the Executive Director in regards to organizational operations and acts in Director's stead as necessary;
- Provides leadership and direction in the execution of CBC's strategic plan and the development of the Club's Senior Leadership Team (staff) and board;
- Responsible for day-to-day management of internal operations (i.e. the office, its administrative and support functions, IT and database systems, etc.) As such, directs and oversees the implementation of all administrative activities and programs including financial operations, personnel administrative support, management analysis, facilities supports, technological information systems, etc.;
- Represents CBC at selected forums, conferences, and meetings;
- Responsible for hiring, developing, and managing staff;
- Oversees development of CBC's annual budget and quarterly financial reports. Works with the finance director and board treasurer to ensure generally accepted accounting practices and procedures are followed.

For a full job description with qualifications and application information, visit: http://tinyurl.com/6ptc65


Cascade Bicycle Club (CBC), a Seattle-based organization with 10,000 members, is dedicated to building a better community through bicycling. The Club is a local, regional, and state-wide leader in bicycle and transportation advocacy and provides bicycle commuting programming and youth and adult safety education and training.

Position Goals Cascade desires to increase its support of bicycle commuting by (a) integrating current commute oriented activities and events into a cohesive program; (b) expanding current programmatic and network reach into the business community; (c) expanding work with governmental agencies involved in transportation issues; and (d) incorporating our advocacy and education efforts into our commute programs. The Director of Commute Programs is charged with drafting and realizing these larger strategic goals as well as overseeing day-to-day operations of our Commute Programs Department.

- Provide leadership and direction in the execution of CBC's strategic plan as it relates to commute programs and oversee commute programming activities;
- Be one of Cascade's main points of contact for businesses, media, governmental agencies, community groups and others in regards to bicycle commuting;
- Develop and maintain strong relationships with businesses to establish and run employer-based bicycle commuter programs;
- Oversee and conduct "front-line" commuter programming with businesses, governmental agencies and others as appropriate;
- In coordination with the executive director, development director, business relations manager and others, develop and help implement a commute program funding plan to include but not be limited to grants, contracts, and fee-for-service programs;
- Collaborate with business relations manager to develop business partners, sponsorships, corporate memberships and work/service contracts;
- Direct day-to-day departmental operations; manage work to annual departmental budget; hire, management and develop departmental staff;

For a full job description with qualifications and application information, go to:


The Transportation Research Board's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) has released a request for proposals to develop a practical and easy-to-use toolkit of best practices that practitioners can use to involve traditionally underserved populations, particularly minority, low-income, limited English proficiency, and low literacy groups, in transportation decision-making. Proposals Due December 17, 2008..."

Go to: http://tinyurl.com/6qx9nj


The Association of Highway & Transportation Officials (AASHTO) is seeking a program manager for safety to assist senior staff in the work of the Standing Committee on Highway Traffic Safety and its Subcommittee on Safety Management. The program manager will also coordinate the safety efforts of AASHTO’s other committees -- particularly Highways, Planning, and Research -- as well as technical service programs in the engineering arena. This position is located at AASHTO headquarters in Washington. Closing: Feb. 6, 2009.

More info: http://tinyurl.com/5jye75


Thunderhead Alliance for Biking and Walking is seeking a Communications Intern to help implement our communications strategy and rebranding project. This person will help shape and style the Alliance's online and print communications. This position will involve creative and engaging tasks that might include writing for and designing communication pieces, expanding our communications and networking channels, and developing marketing materials.

This person must have excellent writing skills. Graphic design skills are a plus. The position is not paid, but we are happy to work with any academic requirements to help an intern earn course credit for their work. Applications are due by November 30th.

For more details or to apply, go to:




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Contributors: John Williams, Sharon Roerty, Gary MacFadden, Mark Plotz, Bob Chauncey, Chris Jordan, Linda Tracy, Bill Wilkinson, Erica Meurk, Kristen Steele, Jessica Roberts, James Hofmann, Jon Kaplan, and Snooks Eaglin.

Editor: John Williams
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Director: Sharon Z. Roerty, ACIP/PP


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