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C-E-N-T-E-R-L-I-N-E-S

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#222 Thursday, March 4, 2009

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CenterLines is the bi-weekly e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking. CenterLines is our way of quickly delivering news and information you can use to create more walkable and bicycle-friendly communities.

F-E-A-T-U-R-E-S
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----- Level of Service Webinar - March 18th
----- Obama Chooses Roy Kienitz for Transportation Post
----- My Weekend at Powershift ‘09 -- Mark Plotz
----- Stimulus Roadblock or Transportation Revolution?
----- 2009 National Bicycle Summit is upon Us!
----- New Neighborhood Safety Brochure Now Available
----- Calif. Legislator Nell Soto was an SR2S Pioneer
----- Portland (OR) Safe Routes Evaluation: Driving is Down
----- Canada Funds $500M Sport/Rec Infrastructure Program
----- UK's Sustran Promoting "DIY Streets"
----- New Mobility Agenda Launches E-Newspaper
----- Safer Crossings with Accessible Pedestrian Signals
----- Car-Free Weekends on KCMO Cliff Drive Continue
----- Announcing the Winner in First Centerlines Contest...

I-N--T-H-E--N-E-W-S
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------ Rep. Blumenauer Makes Case for Bike, Ped Funding
------ New York City's Broadway to be Car-Less
------ Toronto Merchants Warming up to Bike Lanes
------ Why Walkable Urbanism is Good For Adolescents
------ Calif. State Senator Takes on Parking Requirements
------ Fighting Traffic: a Century of Bloodshed
------ Historic Markers Often Ignore Local Black History
------ Albert Lea (MN) Trib Offers Sidewalk Solution?
------ Learning Resourcefulness, Resilience from Slums
------ Westwood (MA) Creates Ped/Bike Safety Committee
------ 20% of America's Largest Malls are Failing
------ Edmonton (AB) Considers $100M in Bike Projects
------ Sun Valley (ID) Transit Gets Donation for Bike Racks

FEATURES

LEVEL OF SERVICE (LOS) WEBINAR - MARCH 18th

-> There are still some spaces available in the Level of Service webinar scheduled for March 18th, 3:00 to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time. The concept of Level of Service (LOS) has been around for some time. Now it's being incorporated into the new Highway Capacity Manual to be published in 2010, based on research performed for the NCHRP: multimodal LOS for Urban Streets. Learn more about LOS in this one-hour webinar co-hosted by the National Center for Bicycling & Walking (NCBW), the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP), and Cullbridge Communications.

Bruce Landis of Sprinkle Consulting will introduce newcomers to LOS, then describe new bicycle and pedestrian level of service models. Joe Fish, a transportation planner for the city of Bloomington, Indiana, will describe some results of a pedestrian LOS case study.

The charge for each location is $50 for APBP members, and $60 for non-APBP members. Note that you can have more than one person at a given webinar site, but you can have only one computer link and phone line for audio under the fee structure above. (Note: AICP CM credits have been requested for this webinar.)

For more about the Professional Development webinar series, see http://www.bikewalk.org/webinars.php.
You can register for the webinars at: http://tinyurl.com/ajbnpa

OBAMA CHOOSES ROY KIENITZ FOR TRANSPORTATION POST

-> According to a Feb. 27th White House news release, "Today, President Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals for key administration posts: Jon Leibowitz, Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission; Charlie Rose, General Counsel at the Department of Education; and Roy Keinitz, Under Secretary for Policy at the Department of Transportation. President Obama said, 'It gives me great confidence to announce the addition of such distinguished individuals to my administration, and I am grateful that they will be dedicating their considerable talents to serving the American people. I look forward to working with each of them as we steer America toward a new era of prosperity and security.'"

A name of particular of interest to pedestrian and bicycle advocates is Roy Kienitz, Nominee for Under Secretary of Transportation for Policy, Department of Transportation:

"Roy Kienitz is currently the Deputy Chief of Staff for Governor Rendell. Roy has been a leader on Gov. Rendell's staff for Transportation, Alternative Energy, and Environment initiatives since 2003. As part of Gov. Rendell's staff Kienitz directed a number of major capital projects including the PA Convention Center expansion, Pittsburgh sports arena and the Port of Philadelphia. Prior to his time in Pennsylvania, Kienitz served as Secretary of the Maryland Department of Planning where he implemented state's Smart Growth policies.

"Kienitz advocated has also served as the Executive Director to the Surface Transportation Policy Project where he was a strong advocate for innovation in transportation policy. Kienitz's prior experience also includes working for Former Senator Moynihan as Chief of Staff and the U.S. Senate Environment & Public Works Committee. Kienitz has received various awards including the Special Recognition Award from the National Park Service, U.S. Department of Interior for work promoting new transportation strategies for National Parks. Originally from California, Kienitz earned his bachelor's degree in Aquatic Biology from the University of California in 1983."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/byxc4x

MY WEEKEND AT POWERSHIFT '09
by Mark Plotz -- NCBW Program Manager

Last weekend, 12,000 college students converged in the nation’s capitol for a 3-day summit on climate change. The Powershift ’09 conference, now in its second year, already has the attention of Congress and the Obama Administration: EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar, and John Podesta were all keynote speakers. Additionally, the Mayor of Denver, Colo., the Mayor of Charlottesville, Va., and the former Mayor of Salt Lake City, Utah, spoke about how their respective cities were reducing their carbon footprints. Most, if not all the speakers, traveled to Washington DC on their own nickel.

If you have never heard of the Powershift conference you certainly are not alone. At the age of 34 I had at least a dozen years on the average participant. For three days I attended workshops, talked to other participants, and listened to some very smart and very concerned students and panelists. The thing on the minds of all of them is getting a climate bill passed in Congress. My reason for being there was to listen for the words ‘Transportation’ and ‘Reauthorization.’

The mayors did not disappoint. They are, as they like to say, the first responders of the climate crisis. All three of the above-mentioned mayors spoke about the importance of land use planning, smart growth, and public transportation as being vital parts of any plan to reduce a city’s carbon footprint. Charlottesville’s mayor went the furthest, noting that his city was using road dollars to build sidewalks, bike lanes, and bike trails. The reaction to his remark is telling of the work we all have to do: at first I was the only one clapping; it took a few seconds, then about a thousand others joined me in recognizing what remains a remarkable act of defiance.

Bold initiatives like RTC’s 2010 Campaign for Active Transportation, or moving Safe Routes to School to a $600 million annual appropriation, represent huge asks that can only be strengthened by the inclusion of these newly emboldened voices from college campuses across the country. If we are going to become relevant to these young people, then our vision of transportation will need to mesh with their calls for environmental justice and a fairer economy.

That’s hippie stuff, right? No way… and this administration knows it. Lisa Jackson stood at the podium on Friday night, stared into the crowd of 10,000 students, and asked for help: ‘We will need your energy, your ideas, and your passion. We will need the leaders in this room. Can we count on you tonight?"

Can you imagine doing that for T4 and Safe Routes to School? If you can, then send me an email at mark@bikewalk.org with your thoughts. Or, better yet, come and find me on my new Facebook page and write a message on my wall.

STIMULUS ROADBLOCK OR TRANSPORTATION REVOLUTION?
Comment: John Williams, CenterLines Editor

-> The Feb. 13th episode of the Public Broadcasting Service's NOW program focused on transportation and featured the transformation of Charlotte (NC) from a car-dominated place to a fledgling modern urban area with light rail and new walkable/bikeable neighborhoods. But, as Charlotte's Mayor and others explained, the roadblocks placed in their way have only grown bigger and more frustrating.

The trillion dollar question is: will we see "change we can believe in" or will we wake up a decade from now to more highways, more traffic, more anti-pedestrian and anti-bicyclist places...in other words, more of what got us in this mess? In a very real sense, we must make change we can believe in...

Here's PBS's description of the Feb. 13th episode of NOW: "President Obama's stimulus money is nearly out the door and on its way to the states, but will it be spent in the way it is intended?

"One alarming example: Mass transit. Cities and states, strapped for money, are cutting back on mass transit even as it becomes more popular with Americans. Meanwhile, President Obama is calling for increased mass transit as a necessary step toward energy independence. Will the government's investment dramatically revitalize our national travel infrastructure, or will states spend the money according to 'business as usual'?

"This week NOW travels to North Carolina to see what the future holds for mass transit in these troubling financial times. Our investigation is part of a PBS-wide series on the country's infrastructure called 'Blueprint America.'..."

Watch it here: http://tinyurl.com/af24b2

2009 NATIONAL BICYCLE SUMMIT IS UPON US!

-> From the League of American Bicyclists (LAB): "In 2009, the stage is set for bicyclists to once again lead reform of our transportation system. A 'smart' transportation movement is needed to solve the challenges of climate change, obesity, congestion, pollution, safety, and dependence on foreign oil. The 2009 National Bike Summit is focused on making a powerful case for expanding Federal support for bicycling -- for active transportation and recreation. The new Congress begins writing a new federal transportation funding bill and bicyclists must be at the table."

Date: March 10-13. 2009
Location: Ronald Reagan Building & International Trade Center, Washington, DC
Cost: LAB members: $475; Non-members: $580

For more info, go to: http://tinyurl.com/3dcmqv
Via OKI Bicycle E-Info News: http://tinyurl.com/ahvysb

NEW NEIGHBORHOOD SAFETY BROCHURE NOW AVAILABLE

The Active Living Resource Center (ALRC) has announced the availability of a new brochure: dealing with neighborhood safety. The brochure, titled "Traffic! A Problem In Your Neighborhood?" is available as an artwork file that the ALRC staff will customize with the logo, tagline, and contact information of a sponsoring group or organization, and then printed and distributed locally.

"This new brochure joins our existing brochures on bicycle safety and kids activity," said brochure author John Williams. "The other two brochures have been very popular. We've created dozens of artwork files for organizations and local groups across the country, and they in turn have printed and distributed more than 200,000 copies to local constituents."

The artwork sets for all three of the 4-page brochures are available in both English and Spanish; customized artwork is free to the requesting organization or agency by completing a simple on-line request form. The brochures and artwork sets are produced as a part of the outreach program of the Active Living Resource Center, supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

You can take a look at the newest brochure in the series at http://www.activelivingresources.org/assets/Neighborhood_safety_English.pdf (English version) and
http://www.activelivingresources.org/assets/Neighborhood_safety_Spanish.pdf (Spanish version). Request a customized artwork set at:
http://www.activelivingresources.org/links6.php

CALIF. LEGISLATOR NELL SOTO WAS AN SRTS PIONEER

-> According to a Feb. 27th Sacramento Bee obituary, "Nell Soto, a former California assemblywoman and state senator and trailblazer in Latino politics died on February 27th. She was 82."

But, many bicycle advocates knew her for playing a key roll in the Safe Routes to School movement. In 1999, then Assembly member Nell Soto authored AB 1475, which directed the State of California to set aside one-third of federal safety funds for Safe Routes to School infrastructure. This legislation, which she sponsored on four occasions (as an Assembly member and a Senator) to continue reauthorizing the program, helped launch a national movement, and has resulted in an average of $24.25 million in state Safe Routes to School funding on an annual basis (above and beyond the federal funding).

According to Deb Hubsmith, Director of the Safe Routes to School National Partnership, who worked with Senator Soto's office on the California legislation, "By authoring the original legislation for Safe Routes to School in California, 10 years ago, Senator Soto initiated a program that is now improving the lives of students, families and communities all throughout the United States. Senator Soto will be remembered for her vision, passion and dedication to children's and community health. She leaves behind an important legacy for the Safe Routes to School national movement; we will miss her greatly. Even right now, the State of California has a call for applications for state Safe Routes to School funding, which is a direct result of Senator Soto's great work."

See the call for applications here: http://tinyurl.com/atagna
Her obituary is here: http://tinyurl.com/at29tj

PORTLAND (OR) SAFE ROUTES EVALUATION: DRIVING IS DOWN

-> According to an article in the Spring '09 Portland (OR) Safer Routes News, "Regular evaluation of Portland's Safer Routes to School (SR2S) program began in the fall of 2006. Since that time the percentage of students walking and biking to SR2S schools has shown significant increases. Fewer students are being driven to school as well.

"These are positive trends! [An accompanying graph] shows the use of family vehicles declining, while walking and biking increase as a percentage of all trips to and from school. With just 35 percent of students being driven to school, the 25 SR2S schools represented in this survey are well below the 60 percent national average. Some schools, like Rosa Parks Elementary, report more than 50 percent of students walking and biking every day! Way to go Portland Safe Routes schools..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/apm6dg

CANADA FUNDS $500M SPORT/REC INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM

-> In a recent note, Greg Butler wrote, "I just wanted to draw your attention to a funding program to renew sport and recreation infrastructure in Canada. It would be a shame if Canadian biking, trails and walking groups were not aware of this opportunity. since it's major funding.

"The government is investing $500 million in funding split 50/50 between the government and the organization carrying out the project. Eligible organizations are Municipalities, First Nations Reserves, not-for-profit organizations and I think even for-profit organizations. They have to be shovel ready projects, i.e. projects that could be carried out in 2009, so its time to dust off those plans for community gardens, bike parking facilities, trails and what not."

More details can be found at the following website:
http://tinyurl.com/bg6uap

UK'S SUSTRAN PROMOTING "DIY STREETS"

"DIY Streets" helps residents to re-design their own streets affordably, putting people at their heart, and making them safer and more attractive places to live. DIY Streets takes an innovative approach to the original Dutch design of home zones offering community-led alternatives in a cost effective manner.

"The project works with local communities to help residents develop low-cost capital solutions to making their streets safer and more attractive, aiming to find simple interventions and materials which can be both effective and durable.

"The approach is initially being piloted in eleven communities, with the intention of becoming replicable on a national scale in the near future, delivering the benefits of people friendly streets at a fraction of the typical cost of a home zone..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/yu55uy

NEW MOBILITY AGENDA LAUNCHES E-NEWSPAPER

-> In a New Mobility Agenda announcement, Eric Britton wrote, "Today, March 2nd 2009, is the opening day of a new 21st century newspaper devoted to concise and independent reporting on leading edge developments in the field of sustainable transportation worldwide. Entitled World Streets, you can pick it up for the first time this morning at the address below.

"This collaborative initiative of the New Mobility Agenda can be described in a few words as follows:
"1. Authoritative information on leading edge thinking and practice in the field of sustainable transportation, world-wide.
"2. Focusing on transport in cities
"3. Tackling above all the challenges of how to achieve big, fast greenhouse gas reductions
"4. On the lookout for measures, projects and policies that are going to pay off within two to four years."

Check out "World Streets" here: http://tinyurl.com/avjgk2

SAFER CROSSINGS WITH ACCESSIBLE PEDESTRIAN SIGNALS

-> According to an article in the Federal Highway Administration's Winter 2009 Pedestrian Forum, "New types of accessible pedestrian signals (APS) provide better information for pedestrians who are blind and improve safety. Recent research (conducted in Portland, Oregon and Charlotte, North Carolina) evaluated crossings by pedestrians who were blind at complex, unfamiliar signalized intersections.

"Without APS at pedestrian-actuated signals, participants began their crossings during the WALK phase only 25 % and 10% (Portland and Charlotte respectively) of the time, and completed crossings after traffic began moving on the street they were crossing on 51% (Portland) and 44% (Charlotte) of their crossings.

"After APS were installed, over 85% (Portland) and 68% (Charlotte) of crossings began during WALK, and 87% of crossings (both cities) were completed before traffic began moving. Anecdotal reports indicate that all pedestrians were more likely to press the pushbutton where pushbutton-integrated APS were installed. Earlier research found that all pedestrians start crossing more uniformly when walk indications are audible..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/b73yue

CAR-FREE WEEKENDS ON KCMO CLIFF DRIVE CONTINUE

-> According to a Feb. 27th Kansas Cycling News article, "Kansas City, Missouri, which last summer closed Cliff Drive, the only urban Scenic Byway in the state of Missouri, to motorized vehicles on weekends from May through October, has decided to expand the program:

"'Beginning this Friday at 2:00pm, Cliff Drive will be closed to motorized vehicles every weekend throughout the year. The gates will reopen each Monday at 8:00am.

"'The innovative Car Free Weekends pilot program, which took place every weekend from May to October 2008, was initiated to provide safe opportunities for pedestrian and bicycle-oriented activities that promote healthy lifestyles for all to enjoy. Based on the success of the 2008 summer program, the Board of Parks and Recreation Commissioners approved the expansion of the program to year round.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/azjhcm
Via Kansas Cyclist: http://tinyurl.com/c7jdmp

ANNOUNCING THE WINNER IN FIRST CENTERLINES CONTEST...

Two weeks ago, the CenterLines World was rocked by news of our very first contest. Looking back on that milestone, it seems like two years ago. The editor would have been, if not a sadder person, then at least a wiser one -- were he not already uncommonly wise. You may remember that the purpose was to replace that turgid phrase, "shovel ready." Just about anything would have done but, as it happens, we have a bounty of excellent replacements.

Christopher Douwes, obviously a somber maintenance-oriented fellow, suggested two: "trowel ready" and "pruning hook ready." Pete Staylor offered a mass transit twist: "cowcatchered," from the word meaning an "iron frame on the front of the locomotive or streetcar that clears the track." Bill Wilkinson suggested a plethora of prickly options, including "unlikely," "unnecessary," "unwanted," "unneeded," and "so 20th Century."

Preferring the Occam's Razor approach, Buster G. spat out the clean and sharp "Ready to go." Karta Purkh offered the puzzling but delightfully clever "Assume the asphalt!" Architect Don Brubeck gave us "CAD ready" and "Planning ready," pointing out that "the 'delay' before a project is 'shovel ready' is MY JOB!"

Keith Cruz came at the question from an acronymic point of view with "NINPAR," meaning "National Infrastructure & Public Asset Recovery."

Former Berkelian idealist Heath Maddox came up with two submissions, for bike/ped equity's sake. They are: "ready to roll" projects and projects that "have legs." Brian Fellows, for his part, brought a hard bitten tear to the eye with his mysterious "Spade-worthy."

But the catch of the day was from John Corrigan, who came forth with our favorite -- and Grand Prize Winner -- "DOTage delights." He then reeled off, in short order, "red-tape wrapped," "thoroughly beaten dead horse," "exhumed horse (see above)," "bureaucratically correct," "asphalt anticipated," "concrete contemplated," and "vetted venture."

Corrigan wins the Grand Prize and, not to be left out, our nine other brave contestants will also find items of possible interest arriving via the post in the next week or two. A word to the wise: don't toss that moth-eaten recycled envelope poking out of your mailbox! It may harbor something special...

 


QUOTES R US


-> "Recreational trails? Walkability? Oh baby, if this is a dream, please don't wake me."
-- Photographer Gary Wilpizeski, on Philadelphia's Action Plan for the Central Delaware River
http://tinyurl.com/aljjk9

-> "When we consider all crashes involving 15- to 17-year old drivers we find that, on the average, nearly two individuals are killed for every teen driver killed."
-- AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, "Teen Crashes - Everyone is At Risk" 2009 update (465kb pdf)
http://tinyurl.com/awucmo

-> "Before the American city could be physically reconstructed to accommodate automobiles, its streets had to be socially reconstructed as places where cars belong. Until then, streets were regarded as public spaces, where practices that endangered or obstructed others (including pedestrians) were disreputable..."
-- Peter D. Norton, PhD, professor of Science, Technology, & Society, Univ. of Virginia
from "Street Rivals: Jaywalking and the Invention of the Motor Age Street"
Technology and Culture - Volume 48, Number 2, April 2007, pp. 331-359 [$]
http://tinyurl.com/b36apb

-> "People avoid Times Square because the traffic is so terrible and people are getting pushed out into the streets -- the sidewalks can't handle it. People don't come to look at cars stuck in traffic. They come to look at the lights, the buildings and the excitement, and this is going to have a lot more of it."
-- Michael Bloomberg, Mayor, New York City
http://tinyurl.com/d8plj6

-> "One of the things I'm going to stress is the livable communities program and try and make that a part of the reauthorization, where you really try and build in this bill an opportunity for communities that can think about other things than just automobiles and can think about other modes for transportation and sort of developing — whether it's transit or whether it's bicycles or whether it's walking -- and really try to build a livable community into this bill as a real program, and perhaps as a title in the bill. That idea I think is sort of the 21st-century thinking: that we can't just think about the old ways of doing things now, we have to think about new ways of doing it and that people want to live in communities that are greener, that are cleaner."
-- Ray LaHood, U.S. Secretary of Transportation
http://tinyurl.com/dk86xd

-> "I think [the project] would invite pedestrians to cross the street, and that's an accident waiting to happen in my mind."
-- Scott VanStrate, Spring Lake (MI) Village Councilman
http://tinyurl.com/cpqfz2

-> "A growing body of research has shown that most of the health benefits can be obtained from regular physical activity of moderate intensity rather than formal exercise programmes aimed at achieving high levels of physical fitness. Generally, there is a need to make the exercise as pleasant and accessible as possible. In the US and the UK, walking at a brisk pace is considered to be the cheapest and the most acceptable form of exercise.
-- Howard Oxley, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; OECD Health Working Paper No. 42: Policies for Healthy Ageing: An Overview; p.16; Feb. 16, 2009) (373kb pdf)
http://tinyurl.com/bdc5px

-> "Outside of politics, Members of Congress don't necessarily have a lot of shared experiences. However, most are frequent air travelers..."
-- Jerry Costello, U.S. House of Representatives (D, IL)
http://tinyurl.com/cqpvjb

 


IN THE NEWS

About articles and archives: Most newspapers allow readers free access to articles for a week or two. After that, many charge a per-article fee. These, we identify as having an archive cost. Some papers don't charge regardless of how old an article is. These, we identify as not having an archive cost.

REP. BLUMENAUER MAKES CASE FOR BIKE, PED FUNDING

-> In a Feb. 23rd Roll Call article, U.S. Representative Earl Blumenauer wrote, "...As American communities struggle with shrinking budgets, crumbling infrastructure, increasing demands on our health system and mounting job losses, investments in bicycle infrastructure can provide an immediate boost to local economies, public health, transportation needs and new jobs.

"If we are to improve the livability of our communities — places where families are safe, healthy and economically secure -- there is no better place to start than by investing in transportation infrastructure that supports Americans' increasing bicycle use. Recent transportation surveys indicate that 52 percent of Americans want to bike more than they do now but don't, because of the lack of safe and connected bicycle facilities. Isn't it time that the federal government caught up with this revolution in transportation?..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ar5o4m
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Crisis Leads to Inevitable Answer"
Author: Rep. Earl Blumenauer

NEW YORK CITY'S BROADWAY TO BE CAR-LESS

-> According to a Feb. 27th Times article, "The idea seems to cut against the very grain of New York: to transform much of the city's most storied avenue, Broadway, from a river of blaring cars, trucks and taxis into a planter-lined oasis for pedestrians, bicyclists and picnickers.

"But on Thursday, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg unveiled a plan to do just that: Vehicles would be barred entirely from Broadway at public plazas in Times Square and Herald Square, and would share the thoroughfare with a bike lane and a promenade along the rest of the stretch from 59th Street to a new plaza at 23rd Street.

"The city plans to start making the changes in late May, and more alterations are possible in the future. Mr. Bloomberg said the plan would relieve traffic congestion and make more room for pedestrians, enhancing some of the city's most popular public space..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/d8plj6
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "In New York, Broadway as Great Walk Way"
Author: William Neuman

TORONTO MERCHANTS WARMING UP TO BIKE LANES

-> According to a Feb. 27th Star article, "Any suggestion to remove street parking in favour of bike lanes is usually met with hostility from merchants who think it will cost them business. But cycling advocates and environmentalists say that bit of conventional wisdom is an urban myth – one that needs to be challenged in the face of increasingly congested roads and plans for boosting public transit and other green initiatives. They're touting a new study of the Annex neighbourhood as proof that a lively shopping district need not depend on street parking. It's similar to a 2006 consultant's study of a street in Manhattan, which indicated businesses there would actually see more traffic if the city widened the sidewalks.

"In Toronto, the research released this month by the Clean Air Partnership states that 75 per cent of merchants surveyed along Bloor St. W. between Spadina Ave. and Bathurst St. don't believe their businesses would suffer if the city removed street parking in favour of a bike lane or sidewalk widening, in part because sufficient parking exists in nearby municipal lots. Only about one-quarter of the 61 businesses that responded to the survey last July thought they would lose customers if the city took out on-street parking. Among the merchants and pedestrians surveyed, half of people who lived or worked in the area said they spent between $100 and $499 a month there..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/dmnsu8
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: Yes
Title: "Merchants warming up to bike lanes"
Author: Tess Kalinowski

The press release is here:
http://tinyurl.com/dxu7cu
The report (1.6mb pdf) can be downloaded here:
http://tinyurl.com/agvg6d

WHY WALKABLE URBANISM IS GOOD FOR ADOLESCENTS

-> According to a Mar. 2nd Greater Greater Washington blog entry, "The March edition of GQ features a 12-year-old budding food critic, David Fishman of New York, NY. One of Fishman's favorite activities is to visit local restaurants and write critiques. Due to his age, his parents limit him to restaurants within walking distance in his Upper West Side neighborhood.

"While such parental ground rules would amount to house arrest for children in car-dependent subdivisions, it provides David with a balance between safety and freedom while leaving plenty of restaurant options. In conventional suburban neighborhoods, meanwhile, there is simply nowhere for a preteen or teenager can explore within walking distance..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/aeept6
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "It takes a village: why walkable urbanism is good for adolescents"
Author: Cavan Wilk

CALIF. STATE SENATOR TAKES ON PARKING REQUIREMENTS

-> According to a Mar. 2nd L.A. Streets Blog entry, "Last week, State Senator Alan Lowenthal (D-Long Beach) introduced legislation that takes aim at how California's municipalities think about parking and parking requirements. What S.B. 518 is missing in co-sponsors it makes up for in chutzpah.

"If enacted, the legislation would require that every municipality in the state earn at least '20 points' in parking reforms. These reforms range from eliminating the city's parking requirement for development which is worth 20 points to requiring that employers offer transit passes en lieu of parking worth only 2 points..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/cbr8au
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Long Beach’s State Senator Lowenthal Takes on Parking Requirements"
Author: Damien Newton
Via: http://tinyurl.com/cljopt

FIGHTING TRAFFIC: A CENTURY OF BLOODSHED

-> According to a June 28, 2006, LiveScience article, "Automobiles did not always rule American streets. But when they took over, things sure got messy. Well after the sale of Henry Ford's first Model T in 1908, pedestrians mingled with horses, carriages, vending carts and children playing in the street. The camaraderie soon became acrimonious, however. And the losers?

"More than 210,000 Americans, mostly pedestrians and about half of them children, were killed in traffic accidents from 1920 to 1929, estimates Peter Norton of the University of Virginia. That's four times the previous decade's number.

"'Of all the many rivalries between various street users, the feud between pedestrians and motorists was the most relentless—and the bloodiest,' Norton said today. It is a battle Norton argues is encapsulated in the redefinition of the word 'jaywalker.'..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/bn39kx
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Fighting Traffic: A Century of Bloodshed"
Author: Robert Roy Britt

HISTORIC MARKERS OFTEN IGNORE LOCAL BLACK HISTORY

-> According to a Mar. 2nd Fredericksburg Free Lance-Star article, "Former city planner Jervis Hairston recently hosted a trolley tour featuring a lesser-known facet of local history: the experience of Fredericksburg's slaves. Probably few residents, much less tourists, know the facts Mr. Hairston presented. And no wonder, for where are the historic markers?...

"Good question. For example, we can read about the spot on Caroline Street where George Washington dragged his small boat after crossing the Rappahannock from Ferry Farm, but there's nothing noting the location of the slave pens at the bottom of Rocky Lane..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/cpa6pk
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Mark that spot! Local black history is too often unnoted"
Author: Staff

ALBERT LEA (MN) TRIB OFFERS SIDEWALK SOLUTION?

-> According to a Mar. 3rd Tribune editorial, "We've advocated before in favor of the city forming an incentive program to assist homeowners with the cost of voluntary sidewalk building. Sidewalks were discussed quite a bit Thursday at a meeting to prepare the community for the City Health Makeover sponsored by Blues Zones and AARP.

"They've also been the subject of letters to the editor. There are two camps: On one side, you've got people who want Albert Lea to have more sidewalks. On the other, people without sidewalks don't like the idea of being required to shovel snow from their walks..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/dccny5
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Editorial: Need a sidewalk solution?"
Author: Editor

LEARNING RESOURCEFULNESS, RESILIENCE FROM SLUMS

-> According to a Mar. 1st Boston Globe article, "No one denies that slums -- also known as shantytowns, squatter cities, and informal settlements -- have serious problems. They are as a rule overcrowded, unhealthy, and emblems of profound inequality. But among architects, planners, and other thinkers, there is a growing realization that they also possess unique strengths, and may even hold lessons in successful urban development...

"Indeed, slums embody many of the principles frequently invoked by urban planners: They are walkable, high-density, and mixed-use, meaning that housing and commerce mingle. Consider too that the buildings are often made of materials that would otherwise be piling up in landfills, and slums are by some measures exceptionally ecologically friendly. Some countries have begun trying to mitigate the problems with slums rather than eliminate the slums themselves..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/ahu7v3
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Learning from slums"
Author: Rebecca Tuhus-Dubrow

WESTWOOD (MA) CREATES PED/BIKE SAFETY COMMITTEE

-> "Selectmen last night established a pedestrian and bicycle safety committee, formally creating the new group that will work to make Westwood more 'walkable' and 'bikeable.'

"With their 3-0 vote, selectmen accepted the proposal put forward by a group of residents led by Dave Atkins of Islington. The new committee grew out of a community workshop Atkins organized in early November which identified problematic crosswalks in Islington, and highlighted how difficult and dangerous it can be for pedestrians and cyclists to get from one side of Westwood to the other..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/cpjlxl
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Westwood creates pedestrian and bicycle safety committee"
Author: Brian Falla

20% OF AMERICA'S LARGEST MALLS ARE FAILING

-> According to a Mar. 2nd Sustainable Industries article, "When designer Victor Gruen created the first mall about 50 years ago, its design was revolutionary: a fully enclosed shopping center with storefronts all facing toward the building's interior—all surrounded by a parking lot.

"Gruen's vision that malls would become the gathering places of modern America was lost in the construction frenzy that would lead to huge shopping meccas in nearly every U.S. community. In fact, by the time he died in 1980, he reportedly disavowed the modern mall, which had led to the demise of many small businesses.

"Today, nearly 20 percent of the 2,000 largest malls in the United States are failing, according to an interview in Newsweek with Ellen Dunham-Jones, author of 'Retrofitting Suburbia,' a collection of case studies of suburban property redevelopments and the director of the architecture program at Georgia Institute of Technology..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/dbk8qk
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "Dead Malls"
Author: Charles Redell

EDMONTON (AB) CONSIDERS $100M IN BIKE PROJECTS

-> According to a Mar. 3rd Sun article, "Spending $100 million on improved bicycle trails over 10 years isn't unreasonable, argues a city councillor. Coun. Don Iveson today said the city transportation department will have an overall capital budget of roughly $5 billion over that same period. In the big scheme of things, he said $100 million -- or $10 million a year -- 'is really a drop in the bucket.'

"'We're talking about 2% of the transportation capital budget,' Iveson told reporters this morning outside city hall, where he sat on his bike which he rode to work. Council's transportation and public works committee is expected to consider the proposed bicycle transportation plan this afternoon..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/cthyep
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: No
Title: "$10M a year for bike trails is reasonable: Coun. Iveson"
Author: Frank Landry

SUN VALLEY (ID) TRANSIT GETS DONATION FOR BIKE RACKS

-> According to a Mar. 3rd Mountain Express article, "Thanks to a $1,200 donation from the Papoose Club, Wood River Valley schoolchildren will have more parking spaces for their bikes this spring. The money was donated to Mountain Rides, the nonprofit public transportation organization, and will be used to install bike racks at Hailey Elementary School, Hailey Middle School, Bellevue Elementary and Hemingway Elementary School..."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/cjusoh
Archive search: use "Search" window
Archive cost: NO
Title: "Mountain Rides gets $1,200 for bike racks"
Author: Tony Evans

AND NOW, FOR SOMETHING COMPLETELY DIFFERENT...

THE BI-CYCLE

-> "A unique tandem bicycle, Bi-Cycle allows both riders to contribute equally to the riding experience. Since both riders can steer and pedal at the same time, riding this bike demands a trust bond between the riders."

Source: http://tinyurl.com/6s7jae
Interview with designer: http://tinyurl.com/9kxooj

 


QUICK HITS

KIDS ON SCHOOL BUSES BREATHE MORE POLLUTION
-> "School children inside diesel buses inhale at least as much exhaust, and often more, than the rest of a city's residents..."
http://tinyurl.com/an66lw

TRANSIT ORIENTED COMMUNITIES GOOD PLACES TO LIVE
-> "[Washington State] House Bill 1490, the Transit Oriented Communities bill, aims to create more compact communities with affordable homes and convenient transportation across the state. ..."
http://tinyurl.com/bg3rds

LESS POLLUTION ON CITY SIDEWALKS THAN STREETS
-> "Taxi passengers were exposed to more than 100,000 ultrafine particle counts per cubic centimeter. Bus travelers were exposed to just under 100,000 and people in cars about 40,000. Pedestrians and bicyclists, meanwhile, were exposed to counts of just 5,000 and 8,000, respectively...."
http://tinyurl.com/2he6hh

NYC JUDGE THROWS OUT CASE AGAINST AMTRAK EMPLOYEE
-> "A Midtown Community Court judge threw out the case against Stephen Millies, the Amtrak employee so outraged with potential MTA fare hikes that he threatened to throw his shoe at MTA Director Elliot Sander in December...."
http://tinyurl.com/cg7vk6

 


RESOURCES

-> "A REVIEW OF MASS MEDIA CAMPAIGNS IN ROAD SAFETY"
Report by Delaney, Lough, Whelan, and Cameron; Monash University Accident Research Centre; for the Swedish National Road Administration. May 2004 (316kb pdf)
http://tinyurl.com/caqmqs

-> "CHILD PEDESTRIANS: FACTORS ASSOCIATED..."
"...with Ability to Cross Roads Safely and Development of a Training Package;" by Congiu, Whelan, Oxley, Charlton, D'Elia, & Muir; Monash Univ. Accident Research Ctr; Report No. 283. Nov. 2008 (741kb pdf)
http://tinyurl.com/bt5hty

-> "RESEARCH AND RESOURCES ABOUT PARTICIPATION"
Summary document from the New South Wales (AU) Commission for Children & Young People. (109kb pdf)
http://tinyurl.com/dyqggq
Additional resources available here:
http://tinyurl.com/b62vgw

-> "KIPDA INTERCHANGE BICYCLE/PEDESTRIAN SAFETY..."
"...Study Toolbox;" Evaluation Process Kentuckiana Regional Planning & Development Agency (KIPDA). Dec. 2007 (2.3MB PDF)
http://tinyurl.com/bhlpuq

-> "KIPDA INTERCHANGE BICYCLE/PEDESTRIAN SAFETY..."
"...Study;" Summary of Findings and Recommendations; by PB Americas, Inc. & HDDS, Inc.; for the Kentuckiana Regional Planning & Development Agency (KIPDA), Kentucky Transportation Cabinet (KYTC) District 5, Louisville Metro, and Oldham County. Dec. 2007(21.6mb pdf)
http://tinyurl.com/blwxw2

-> "STREETSCAPE LICENSES - ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE"
Dallas City Council Briefing presentation for the City's economic development committee re: a proposal, "in the name of more vibrant, walkable neighborhoods, allowing businesses more use of public sidewalks to create outdoor patios and sales areas." Mar. 2, 2009 (4.1mb pdf)
http://tinyurl.com/cx7pyl

-> "FABRICS OF THE CITY..."
"...Designing Shared Streets for Safety and Usability;" article by Ken Stewart; the Braille Forum. Oct. 2007 (online article)
http://tinyurl.com/csj8eh

-> "PEDESTRIAN ACCESS TO ROUNDABOUTS..."
"...Assessment of Motorists' Yielding to Visually Impaired Pedestrians and Potential Treatments To Improve Access; by Inman, Davis, and Sauerburger, SAIC; for Federal Highway Administration; Publication No. FHWA-HRT-05-080. May 2006 (1.1mb pdf)
http://tinyurl.com/dl2cwz
Related PowerPoint presentation: http://tinyurl.com/dj5r2x

-> "SHARED SPACE - FINAL EVALUATION AND RESULTS"
Summary of review of pilot projects; by Shared Space, Fryslan Province. 2008 (summary and link to report)
http://tinyurl.com/bpdowp

DUTCH RAIN-SENSITIVE TRAFFIC LIGHTS INSTALLED
-> "Local authorities in Oosterhout (NL) installed rain-sensitive traffic lights. When it rains cyclists are treated almost as preferentially as buses are..."
http://tinyurl.com/b2kvq8

-> "BROKEN WINDOWS, CRUMPLED FENDERS, AND CRIME"
Article by Giacopassi & Forde; Journal of Criminal Justice; Vol. 28, Issue 5; p.397-405. Sept-Oct 2000 ($)
http://tinyurl.com/cjecbo

-> "CYCLING IN THE NETHERLANDS"
Brochure by Mobycon / Fietsberaad / Ligtermoet & Partners , Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat; "offers compact information about a broad range of subjects." 2009 (has link to several pdfs)
http://tinyurl.com/a9hszg

 


CALENDAR

Additional training opportunities are available on the National Center for Bicycling & Walking web site. Add your own items to the on-line calendar...it's quick and easy. Please be sure your calendar items pertain to training and workshops in the bicycle, pedestrian, or livable community fields. Go to:
http://www.bikewalk.org/calendar.php

HEY, YOU! SEND US YOUR CALENDAR ITEMS -- PRONTO!

-> March 7, 2009, Bike Summit LA, Los Angeles, CA. Info: http://tinyurl.com/6zu2yu

-> March 15-20, 2009, PTBA Conference, Asheville NC. Info: Michael Passo
Professional Trailbuilders Association, PO Box 28514, Bellingham, WA 98228; phone: 360-734-7270; email: <mpasso@trailbuilders.org>
http://tinyurl.com/69954g

-> March 25-28, 2009, Health and Fitness Summit and Exposition, Atlanta GA. Info: American College of Sports Medicine
http://tinyurl.com/5unah6

-> March 27-March 29, 2009 Thunderhead Alliance Winning Campaigns Training, Toronto, ON. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/ab2mov

-> April 2nd & 3rd, 2009, Streets as Places Training Course, New York, NY. Info: Craig Raphael, Project for Public Spaces, <craphael@pps.org>.
http://tinyurl.com/3cgdja

-> April 16th & 17th, 2009, How to Turn a Place Around training course, New York, NY. Info: Craig Raphael, Project for Public Spaces, <craphael@pps.org>.
http://tinyurl.com/57bfkg

-> April 19-21, 2009, 4th Int'l Conference on Future Urban Transport, Goteborg, Sweden. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/d4ud2e

-> April 22-24, 2009, California Trails & Greenways Conference, Yosemite, CA. Info: Laura Svendsgaard, phone: (877) 776-3619; email: <trails@parks.ca.gov>.
http://tinyurl.com/6ynmfc

-> April 22-25, 2009, 14th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society, Sitges (Spain / Catalonia). Info:
http://tinyurl.com/36wk7j

-> April 24-26, 2009, 7th International Public Market Conference, San Francisco, CA. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/7zzu7x

-> April 25-29, 2009 American Planning Association National Conference, Minneapolis MN. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/2g8fek

-> May 12-15, 2009, Velo-City 2009, Brussels, Belgium. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/55w7nl

-> June 5-7, 2009, 7th International Conference on Diet and Activity Methods, Washington, DC. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/5j7fln

-> August 9-12, 2009, ITE 2009 Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX. Info: Sallie Dollins, Institute of Transportation Engineers, 1099 14th Street, NW, Suite 300 West, Washington, DC 20005; phone: (202) 289-0222 ext. 149; email: <sdollins@ite.org>
http://tinyurl.com/blvxpa

-> August 19-21, 2009, Safe Routes to School National Conference, Portland, Oregon. Info: phone: 503-226-0676, ext. 27; email: <info@saferoutesconference.org>
http://tinyurl.com/ajk7jy

-> September 2-4, 2009, 2nd International Urban Design Conference, Gold Coast, Australia. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/7z6ukf

-> September 15-16, 2009, Research to Practice Symposium Promoting Environmental and Policy Change to Support Healthy Aging, Chapel Hill, NC. Information and updates will be available at:
http://tinyurl.com/4cabuz

-> October 7-9, 2009, 10th Annual Walk21, New York City NY. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/67kk4m

-> October 18-22, 2009, Low Carbon Cities - 45th ISOCARP Int'l Congress, Porto, Portugal. Info:
http://tinyurl.com/acz5p6

-> October 22-27, 2009, AASHTO Annual Meeting, Palm Desert, CA. Info: Hannah Whitney, American Assn. of State Highway & Transportation Officials; phone: (202) 624-5800; email: <hwhitney@aashto.org>
http://tinyurl.com/amrjvl


JOBS, GRANTS, AND RFPS

-> JOB -- EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR -- ALASKA TRAILS

The Executive Director will report to the Board of Directors of Alaska Trails, an Alaska 501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation. The Executive Director will implement the policy and directives of the Board of Directors and will oversee the day-to-day operation of the organization...

Primary Purpose: The Alaska Trails' Executive Director will be responsible for the management and administration of Alaska Trails. Primary responsibilities include promoting the Alaska Trails Mission, development of Alaska Trails as a sustainable statewide multi-use trails user organization, and providing oversight and administration of all Alaska Trails' grants and contracts. Additional responsibilities include assisting the Board of Directors with strategic planning, membership drives, and outreach efforts to enhance the Alaska trail experience by supporting sustainable, world-renowned trails through advocacy and education...

Closing Date: Screening of candidates will begin on March 20, 2009 and continue until a qualified pool is identified.

For the full job announcement, go to:
http://tinyurl.com/augz3l

-> JOB -- PROJECT PLANNER -- WINSTON-SALEM, NC
(Bicycle & Pedestrian Coordinator)

General Description:
Under regular supervision, the Project Planner is responsible for all bicycle and pedestrian planning activities for the Winston-Salem Urban Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO); coordinates all bicycle and pedestrian planning activities with the City-County Planning Board (CCPB), counties and municipalities within the MPO, and other MPOs in the Piedmont Triad area of North Carolina; performs difficult professional work involved in the planning of bicycle and pedestrian projects, programs, services and improvements; does related work as required...

Requirements:
Any combination of education or experience equivalent to a Master's degree in transportation planning, city and regional planning or a closely related field, or a combination of a Bachelor's degree in city and regional planning and three (3) years of progressively responsible professional experience in transportation planning. AICP Certification is desirable.

Thorough knowledge of: the concepts, principles, techniques and legal aspects of transportation planning; current literature and recent initiatives in the planning field; research and statistical methods; governmental organizations and operations; community interrelationships; project management methods and techniques. Skills and abilities to: analyze and systematically compile technical and statistical information; make recommendations based on findings in studies, field observation and public contacts; use computers and other technologies in the analysis and presentation of information; prepare and deliver clear, concise and effective oral and written presentations to the general public, appointed boards and elected officials; establish and maintain effective working relationships with Federal, State and local officials, the general public, employees and contractors; estimate and administer budgets for studies and schedule and manage bicycle and pedestrian planning projects; work independently with minimal direction and supervision; plan and supervise the work of technicians and temporary employees; simultaneously manage multiple projects; be a problem solver.

For the complete job description, go to: http://tinyurl.com/borcq8


-> JOB -- GREAT STREETS CAMPAIGN DIRECTOR -- SFBC

The San Francisco Bicycle Coalition (SFBC) is seeking a highly motivated and talented individual to serve in a new position of Director of the San Francisco Great Streets Campaign. This is an exciting, new collaboration being launched by the SFBC and partner organizations to promote safer, more livable streets and public places. The Director will collaborate with community leaders, neighborhood groups, businesses, and city agencies to advocate for and win great walking spaces, safe bike space, and less motor vehicle traffic.

For the full job description, go to: http://tinyurl.com/a9rm44

-> INTERNSHIP -- COMMUNICATIONS INTERN -- THUNDERHEAD ALLIANCE
Location: San Francisco, CA
Degree Required: Bachelors

Thunderhead Alliance for Biking and Walking is the national coalition of state and local organizations working together to promote bicycling and walking in North American communities. We bring leaders together to help them grow their organizations and become more effective by sharing best practices and innovations. The Alliance's mission is to create, strengthen, and unite state and local bicycle and pedestrian advocacy organizations

Position Overview
The Communications Intern will help implement the results of a year-long communications strategy and rebranding process. You will help shape and style Thunderhead Alliance‚s online and/or print communications. This internship could involve creative and engaging tasks such as writing for Alliance publications and website, editing our communications, designing publications and print materials, helping launch new online communication tools and establish the Alliance in social networking channels, and creating marketing materials for our programs. Tasks assigned will depend on your skill set and interests.

For details, go to:
http://tinyurl.com/5vtgln

-> JOB -- BICYCLE/PEDESTRIAN COORD -- UNIV. OF WISCONSIN

HIRING ORGANIZATION: This position is located in Transportation Services at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Facilities Planning and Management. Transportation Services creates transportation programs and services that support campus priorities.

SALARY: Starting salary is between $34,598 to $57,088 annually based on qualifications, plus excellent benefits. A six-month probationary period is required. Pay Schedule/Range 07-04.

CONTACT: For information regarding this position please contact Dawn Bierman, 608-265-4057, <dbierman@fpm.wisc.edu>.

JOB DUTIES: Assist the Transportation Demand Management (TDM) project manager in the following areas: analysis of program needs, collecting data and information, developing options and plans, and issuing recommendations and implementing policies and procedures to achieve overall TDM goals. In addition, this position is the primary contact for the University’s Bicycle/Pedestrian program and is responsible for its maintenance and development.

SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS: Well-qualified applicants will have at least 2 years of experience: performing research and analyses of policy, planning and program issues; communicating orally and written; working with teams and problem-solving; and developing/implementing marketing strategies. Experience in a transportation program preferable. A bachelor’s degree in Urban and Regional Planning or related field may substitute for some of the experience...

For the complete announcement, go to: http://tinyurl.com/7rvwkj

 


HOUSEKEEPING

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List your local, statewide, and regional training events on NCBW's National Training Calendar:
http://www.bikewalk.org/calendar.php

COPYING: We encourage you to copy our content as long as you identify the source in this way: "from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking."

Contributors: John Williams, Sharon Roerty, Gary MacFadden, Mark Plotz, Bob Chauncey, Chris Jordan, Linda Tracy, Bill Wilkinson, Russell Houston, Deb Hubsmith, Chris Morfas, Stacey Burton, Jennifer Wahle, Richard Troiano, Eric Britton, Peter Jacobsen, Don Burrell, Fred Sztabinski, Nancy Smith Lea, Christopher Douwes, Pete Staylor, Buster G., Karta Purkh, Don Brubeck, Keith Cruz, Heath Maddox, John Corrigan, Kristin Bennett, Craig Casper, Dona Sauerburger, and Duke Ellington.

Editor: John Williams
Send news items to: <john@bikewalk.org>
Director: Sharon Z. Roerty, ACIP/PP


CONTACT US

©2009 - NCBW | The National Center for Bicycling & Walking is a program of the Bicycle Federation of America; http://www.bikewalk.org/contact.php