#319 Wednesday, December 5, 2012


CenterLines is the bi-weekly e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking, a program of Project for Public Spaces. CenterLines is our way of quickly delivering news and information you can use to create more walkable and bicycle-friendly communities.

----- Download Pro Walk/Pro Bike Conference PDFs + Keynote Videos
----- Improving Travel Efficiency at the Local Level
----- The Ten Steps of Walkability
----- Online Walking School Bus Training Released
----- How a Kid Masters His Neighborhood
----- Vancouver (BC) Studying the Effects of Going Green
----- DIY Traffic Counter Could Change Transportation Planning
----- Federal Tax Discussion Could Create More Balanced Bicycle Commuter Act
----- NINE New Indicators that Bike Travel and Tourism are Booming
----- First International Conference on Cycling Safety
----- Cycling Coalition Welcomes Launch of Ontario (Canada) Bicycling Strategy
----- APBP Announces 2013 Webinar Series & Calls for Presenters

R-E-G-I-O-N-A-L and L-O-C-A-L--A-C-T-I-O-N-S
----- Washington, DC Cycletracks - The Day After
----- Native American Youth and Family Center Trains New Commuters
----- NYC Releases New Metrics for 21st Century Streets
----- Dallas (TX): Not "Just a Driving City"
----- Southampton (MA) Voters Overwhelmingly Approve Purchase for Recreational Trail
----- Providing Columbus (IN) Kids Safe Passage w/ Lighted School-Zone Crosswalks
----- Survey Says Birmingham (MI) Needs More Bike Lanes, Improved Ped Safety
----- Summit County (OH) Opts to Spend $46 Million on Trails
----- Chattanooga (TN) on Florida to New York Great Eastern Trail

----- Route Infrastructure and the Risk of Injuries to Bicyclists
----- Evaluating the Effectiveness of Road Safety Treatments

- The National & International Scene
- Regional and Local Actions
- The Research Beat
- Quotes R Us
- Stats R Us
- Webinars, Webcasts and Seminars
- Resources
- Calendar
- Jobs, Grants & RFPs
- Housekeeping
- Contact Us


by Mark Plotz

-> If you missed a breakout session, or are interested in what Pro Walk/Pro Bike 2012 was all about, you can now view PDFs of many sessions at http://bit.ly/Vvbvja. Let us know if you don't see what you're looking for, and we'll help you track down that presenter.

One presentation that has continued to stir passions is Mark Gorton's closing keynote. You can watch Mark's talk here: http://bit.ly/Vlipl4. The video does not include the PowerPoint, which can be downloaded here: http://bit.ly/R6mK0k (If you find yourself trying to sync the audio to the video, it's probably because you spent too much time in your parent's basement, doing the same thing with "The Wizard of Oz" and "Dark Side of the Moon.")


-> According to a Nov. 18th Sustainable City Network posting, "A comprehensive approach to transportation energy efficiency must include a combination of strategies targeted at both vehicle fuel efficiency and travel behavior. While the federal government has taken the lead on fuel efficiency, local and regional policies that reduce the need for driving are also essential to achieve an efficient and sustainable transportation system."

"The American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy released a new local guide to help municipalities and metropolitan regions identify policies to expand transportation choices and improve transportation system efficiency. The toolkit is targeted at local policymakers and stakeholders interested in reducing transportation related fuel consumption in their communities..."

Improving Travel Efficiency at the Local Level guide available free with log in: http://bit.ly/XcQMBO

Source: http://bit.ly/XCg1h4
Title: "Improving Travel Efficiency at the Local Level"
Author: Staff


-> According to a Dec. 3rd Switchboard article, "In Jeff Speck's excellent new book, Walkable City, <http://bit.ly/VArZTi> he suggests that there are ten keys to creating walkability. Most of them also have something to do with redressing the deleterious effects caused by our allowing cars to dominate urban spaces for decades. I don't necessarily agree with every detail, and my own list might differ in some ways that reflect my own experience and values. But it's a heck of a good menu to get city leaders and thinkers started in making their communities more hospitable to walkers..."

"Here are the author's ten steps of walkability, with a memorable line from his description of each:"

"1. Put cars in their place. ("Traffic studies are BS.") Startling quote, no? Jeff believes, and I tend to agree, that a car-first approach has hurt American cities. This is in part because traffic engineers too often have failed to acknowledge that increased roadway traffic capacity can lead to more, not fewer, cars on the road. The resulting phenomenon of "induced demand" creates unanticipated consequences not only for traffic on freeways but especially in neighborhoods and downtowns, where streets are sometimes treated not as critical public spaces for animating city life but as conveyances for motor vehicles. Jeff generally supports congestion pricing, but cautions that we must be very careful about assuming the merits of pedestrian-only zones..."

"The bottom line is that Walkable City is very good indeed, a worthy addition to the canon of urban thinking. The subject matter is critical, and Jeff is a very good and entertaining writer who keeps his reader engaged. For those of us who think about cities for a living, this well-annotated treatise can help organize our thoughts and point us to helpful research and opinion. For those outside the field but in a position to do something, it summarizes some of the best thinking on what to do to tame the car culture and make cities more walkable. For those who are merely interested or who may be curious, it will change the way you see cities..."

Source: http://bit.ly/QGiLGh
Title: "The Ten Steps of Walkability"
Author: Kaid Benfield


-> According to a Nov. 27th media release, "The National Center for Safe Routes to School is pleased to announce the release of The Walking School Bus Program: A Primer and First Steps <http://bit.ly/Vlqjel>, an online audio/video training program that provides strategies and tips for planning a Walking School Bus program."

"Safety is one of the most common reasons for parents to be reluctant to allow their children to walk to school. Walking School Bus programs address safety concerns for families who live within walking or bicycling distance of school by providing adult supervision."

"A Walking School Bus is a group of children walking to school with one or more adults. It can be as informal as two families taking turns walking their children to school or as formal as a well-planned walking route with meeting points, a timetable and a regularly rotated schedule of trained volunteers."

"'Participants will learn how to prepare, build momentum and launch a Walking School Bus program, including identifying community partners, and securing program funding,' [Nancy] Pullen-Seufert [associate director of the National Center for Safe Routes to School] said..."

Source: http://bit.ly/R6v7cf
Title: "National Center Launches Walking School Bus Online Training"
Author: Doug Nicholas


-> According to a Nov. 8th Playborhood posting, "Today, my son Marco (8) took Wayne, a school friend, to the house of Jacob, another school friend. Then, the three of them made their way to our house. They made this entire journey, 1-1/2 miles, without any adults involved, either in transporting or in planning, and Marco was the leader. And, they did it in the rain, with no raincoats."

"Marco can do all this on his own, too. In fact, he usually rides his bike home alone. This degree of independent mobility is quite remarkable for an eight-year-old in the 21st Century. How did he get to this point?"

"I've worked with Marco very consciously for many years to hone his independence skills. He had no single dramatic 'OK, you're on your own!' moment."

"The maps displayed with this article show a steady progression from age five to six to seven to eight. In the first two of these years, I worked with him practically every day on independence skills. Today, I'm still involved daily, but I act more as an advisor..."

Source: http://bit.ly/QGonjR
Title: "How a Kid Masters His Neighborhood"
Author: Mike Lanza


-> According to a Nov. 23 Globe and Mail article, "The City of Vancouver has taken the unusual step of commissioning a before-and-after study of downtown neighbourhoods to measure the effect a proposed 'greenway' will have on residents' health and lifestyles. Questionnaires are now being sent out to a random sampling of people along Comox and Helmcken streets in the city's downtown core, where a new greenway is expected to be constructed next year. Researchers hope to get before-and-after feedback on the travel patterns, physical activity and social interaction of between 800 and 1,000 residents living within half a kilometre of the entire length of the greenway to determine what impact it will have..."

"The study is being done in partnership with the Health and Community Design Lab at the University of British Columbia. Larry Frank, a professor at UBC's School of Population and Public Health and School of Community and Regional Planning, runs the lab and is the principal investigator of the study. He called the study 'very unique,' as it is not merely another consultation process but a comprehensive study of the impact of city planning."

"'Very seldom has anybody studied something before and after it happened,' he said. 'The research is difficult to arrange, it's hard to get in front of things. Traditionally, we do it more cross-sectionally: We ask people about their behaviour and compare their behaviour to where they live, at the same point in time. [This study] is basically trying to make a connection between policy decisions and changes in behaviour in a way that is actually trackable over time.' The study is made up of two components: A survey about the neighbourhood and a two-day travel diary. Some of the survey questions seem standard: How long would it take you to walk to work? Are there trees along the streets in your neighbourhood? Is your neighbourhood safe?..."

Source: http://bit.ly/SChsaZ
Title: "Studying the effects of going green"
Author: Andrea Woo


-> According to a Nov. 8th Atlantic Cities article, "...Aurash Khawarzad, a New York-based urban planner with his own studio, Change Administration, and Ted Ullrich, an engineer and industrial designer at Tomorrow Lab. [have] come up with a lightweight, inexpensive solution for one of the most pressing data-collection needs in the urban portfolio: traffic frequency and speed... The little orange gizmo with a tube attached is called TrafficCOM (that's COM for 'community' and 'computer'), and it allows users to measure the volume, rate, and speed of traffic on any street, then upload the data for immediate sharing."

"Khawarzad says he and Ullrich began developing TrafficCOM on a recent trip to Moscow, where sustainable transportation advocates had invited them to help figure out where that traffic-choked city could put bike lanes. Khawarzad says he realized that they needed solid data on traffic conditions to begin making recommendations, and the project began evolving from there. They received key support, in the form of a small stipend and some feedback, after being invited to participate in the recent San Francisco Urban Prototyping Festival..."

Source: http://bit.ly/ViQanp
Title: "This DIY Traffic Counter Could Change Everything About Transportation Planning"
Author: Sarah Goodyear

Ed. Note: Aurash Khawarzad is an employee of Project for Public Spaces, which operates the National Center for Bicycling & Walking.


-> According to an item in the Nov. 29th Mobilizing the Region newsletter, "The fiscal cliff tax discussion is complex but there is one relatively simple matter that can be addressed in the next few months: improving the little known commuter bike tax benefit. Buried deep in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act passed by Congress in 2008, is a benefit for those who commute to work by bike. Bike commuters are eligible to receive up to $20/month (or $240/year) from their employers for 'reasonable expenses made by the employee...for the purchase of a bicycle and bicycle improvement, repair, and storage.' Known as the Qualified Bicycle Commuting Reimbursement (QBCR), the bike tax benefit is covered in section 132(f) of the IRS code (http://1.usa.gov/TBt4Zo). While bike commuters receive a tax benefit, employers can see savings too by reducing their FICA (e.g. Social Security and Medicare) taxes."

"However, the bike tax benefit comes with two key limitations. Unlike other commuter tax benefits for parking and transit, the bicycle provision cannot be funded through employee pre-tax income, nor can it be used in conjunction with other commuter tax benefits in the same month. So, if you use your bike to commute to the train station, and you already receive a transit commuter tax benefit, you cannot take advantage of the bike tax benefit..."

Source: http://bit.ly/TBsavJ
Title: "Federal Tax Discussion Could Create More Balanced Bicycle Commuter Act"
Author: Kathi Ko

Via Mobilizing the Region: News and opinion from the Tri-State Transportation Campaign http://bit.ly/WIt0YB


-> According to a Dec. 4th Adventure Cycling Assn. news release, "As 2012 winds down, bicycle tourism and travel are zooming upward. Recent studies and stories from around the world indicate that bicycle travel of all kinds -- short trips and long, luxury and cheap, big events and small tours -- is enjoying the kind of popularity not seen since the 1970s, when bike touring experienced a major renaissance. Here are 9 new indicators that bike travel and tourism are booming:"

"1. European Bike Tourism Generates 44 Billion Euros Annually...
2. Greater Global Interest in Bike Tour Business...
3. Bigger Bike Route Networks in Development...
4. More North America States and Provinces Studying Bike Tourism's Economic Impact...
5. U.S. Bike Events Expanding, Re-branding...
6. States Investing in Bike Tourism Public Relations...
7. Rural Communities Invest in Bike Tourism...
8. Bike Tourism-Related Sales Take Off in the U.S...
9. Non-Profits Set New Records..."

Source: http://bit.ly/TDGlEe
Title: "Nine New Indicators that Bicycle Travel and Tourism are Booming"
Author: Winona Bateman


-> According to an article in the Nov. 23th Fiets Beraad News, "Little is known about cycling accidents, even at an international level. This is the conclusion reached after the first International Cycling Safety Conference held on the 7th and 8th of November in Helmond, the Netherlands. The conference will have a follow-up next year. For the first time, 40 to 50 European scientists and policy makers gathered at an international conference devoted to cycling safety."

"'Terrific' is the response from Divera Twisk, SWOV's coordinator for research into cycling. 'Cycling safety was a topic that garnered little attention in the past. While much effort has gone into improving riding safety in the auto industry, there is still much to be done for the cycling world. That is why this conference is extremely important.' In her presentation Twisk explored 'naturalistic driving,' a research method that uses cameras and sensors to follow drivers over long periods. The method also generates insights relevant to cycling safety and the technique can be applied equally well to the bicycle. In this manner the Swedish researcher Marco Dozza was able to follow a group of cyclists for several weeks, revealing noteworthy accidents and near-accidents. For instance, when a cyclist drove into a fence because he was fiddling with his mobile -- as later emerged. In Germany, research is in the pipeline on using cameras mounted on electric bicycles..."

Source: http://bit.ly/TClHEv
Title: "First International Conference on Cycling Safety: There is Still Much Work to be Done"
Author: Staff


-> According to a Nov. 30th media release, "The Share the Road Cycling Coalition, a provincial cycling policy and advocacy organization, was on hand in Ottawa today to support the release of Ontario's first cycling policy update in 20 years. The Coalition had called for a new provincial cycling policy since its inception in 2008 and in 2010 launched an evidenced-based research report on cycling in Ontario 'When Ontario Bikes, Ontario Benefits' which made the case for an enhanced provincial role in cycling."

"Minister of Transportation, Infrastructure and Municipal Affairs and Housing Bob Chiarelli and Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Finance Yasir Naqvi made the announcement at Ottawa cycling retailer Bushtukah."

"'Governments around the world have, in recognition of cycling's many benefits, developed policy frameworks which enable them to embrace the opportunities that cycling provides to lower congestion, provide citizens with a choice of active and healthy transportation and enhance economic development through the development of bicycle travel and tourism networks,' said Eleanor McMahon, CEO Share the Road Cycling Coalition. McMahon founded the organization when her husband OPP Sgt. Greg Stobbart was killed while cycling in 2006."

"'We applaud the government for launching the strategy and for providing Ontarians with an important opportunity to shape a comprehensive cycling vision and strategy for our province. Both the Quebec and B.C. governments have strong cycling cultures and a critical component of that has been the role that governments there have played. Both have bicycle strategies that include investments in infrastructure, legislation that enhances clarity for road users and recognizes the vulnerability of cyclists, and education and awareness programs for cyclists and motorists,' McMahon noted..."

Source: http://bit.ly/Vvre1Q
Title: "Cycling Coalition Welcomes Launch of Ontario Bicycling Strategy. Applauds first provincial bicycling policy update in 20 years"
Author: Staff


-> According to a Nov. 20th Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals announcement, "Regular participants at APBP's monthly webinars know that they're a great way to bring stakeholders, colleagues, and clients together to explore bicycle and pedestrian issues and build support for active transportation. Plus, the webinars offer training credits that may meet your professional accreditation requirements."

"January 16: Best Practices in Pedestrian Wayfinding
February 20: Driving Deaths Down: Proven Countermeasures that Work
March 20: Dynamics of Effective Advisory Committees
April 17: Economic Benefits of Walkable and Bike Friendly Communities
May 15: Bike Signals
June 19: What's in There for Me: Mining National Data for Information on Walking and Bicycling
July 17: From Paint to Preform: Getting the Most from Pavement Markings
August 21: Getting Better Data for Better Decisions: Improving Performance Measures and Outcomes
September 18: Integrating Spatial Data to Develop Community Priorities
October 16: Using Photo-enforcement to Improve Pedestrian Safety
November 20: Is There Safety in Numbers for Cyclists and Pedestrians?
December 18: Integrating Equity into Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning..."

"Interested in presenting a webinar? APBP invites proposals for the topics listed above, as well as other technical topics related to sustainable transportation. [Request for Proposal available at http://bit.ly/11Cb873]"

Source: http://bit.ly/UGOIul
Title: "APBP Announces 2013 Webinar Program"
Author: Deb Goeks


by Mark Plotz

-> While the residents of the District of Columbia still struggle for proper political representation in Congress, at least one group - bicyclists -- are increasingly having their needs represented on the streets of the District. Yesterday, December 4, saw the ribbon cutting on the city's second cycletrack (L Street), which will provide a safe and expedient west/east route through the congested central business district.

Adorned with bollards, signage, green paint, bike boxes, and bikers, the new lane leaves little to the imagination as to who is supposed to use what space, and what the rules are to apply. But sometimes paint just isn't enough, so for the past several weeks, to the great credit of the District, traffic control officers have been on hand in the morning to orchestrate the movements of cyclists and drivers in the various conflict zones. For views of the installation, check DDOT's gallery <http://bit.ly/11HhaSU>.

Continuing on the theme of paint-is-not-enough: the District's Mayor passed an emergency rule prohibiting U-turns across bike lanes. This movement -- typically executed by taxi drivers and tourists -- is responsible for 11 (reported) crashes in the Pennsylvania Avenue median bike lanes. These lanes rose to prominence during the last Great War on Drivers <http://bit.ly/VqRyKv> circa 2010.

Ride the new cycletrack when you are in Washington DC for the National Bike Summit, March 4-6, 2013. Come early for the all day Women Mean Business meeting, on Monday, March 4. For more details: <http://bit.ly/R80Eul>.


-> According to a recent Community Cycling Center article, "Think about the last time you rode a bicycle. For participants in last week's Create a Commuter workshop at the [Portland, OR-based] Native American Youth and Family Center (NAYA), it ranged from "one week ago" to "over ten years." Five of the participants had not ridden in over seven years. The first group ride of the day was a mixture of nerves and excitement, but everyone did a fantastic job."

"Our Create a Commuter workshops go beyond bicycles and encourage people to develop new skills or tackle a personal challenge. Natalie Mitchell, one of the NAYA Career Skills Development Coaches, said, 'I witnessed a lot of new confidence levels.' This confidence will not only help on the road, but for many new commuters, will help them as they search for employment."

Source: http://bit.ly/RANO7S
Title: "New commuters hit the streets -- Create a Commuter at NAYA"
Author: Joseph Rosevear


-> According to a Nov. 5th Smart Growth America posting, "With its new report Measuring the Street: New Metrics for 21st Century Streets New York City illustrates how its Complete Streets approach meets new goals -- and builds local economies. Communities implementing Complete Streets policies must adopt new performance measures for transportation projects and the networks of streets as a whole. Such measures should provide clarity on how those projects are meeting community needs and goals for the transportation network. Success can be measured in a number of ways, including improved safety for all users; physical changes to the built environment; number of people walking, riding bikes, taking transit, or riding in cars; and improving travel conditions and access for all."

"New York City has focused on three overarching goals: designing for safety, designing for all users of the street, and designing for great public spaces. To meet these goals, the City's Department of Transportation uses five key strategies: designing safer streets, building great public spaces, improving bus service, reducing delay and speeding, and efficiency in parking and loading. New approaches to street design reflect a "blending [of] new technologies with time-tested tools to create 21st Century Streets for all users," and have resulted in safer streets, more efficient travel, and big boosts for local businesses..."

Source: http://bit.ly/VAVggJ
Title: "Complete Streets Pay Off"
Author: Lily Gordon-Koven


-> According to a recent Sustainable City News posting: "Dallas has been criticized for not having much of a center. It does have a downtown, but the spaces downtown such as City Hall Plaza and Thanksgiving Square don't really act as a center like a town square..."

"Downtown Dallas does have a new park that is accessible by transit and on foot to many uptown and downtown residents. If early days are any indication, at 5.2 acres, it's just not big enough."

"Klyde Warren Park, previously known as Woodall Rodgers Deck Park, was constructed over Woodall Rogers freeway and opened October 27. It is named for the 9-year-old son of billionaire Kelcy Warren."

"Reports indicate that 44,000 people, more than the most optimistic estimates, paid a visit to the park on opening weekend. Since then, estimates have continued to show high numbers that may at any given time rival those traveling on the freeway below the park..."

"The topic of facilitating pedestrians comes up quite frequently here, and each time a certain contingent throws up their hands and says 'Dallas is just a driving city.'"

"Dallas, it seems, *is* a driving city -- but only for lack of options. Klyde Warren Park is located in a place with minimal parking, but it sees lots of activity. The phrase 'It's so crowded that nobody goes there anymore,' comes to mind. It's proof that city residents here hunger for amenities such as bike trails and lanes, public transit, good parks, and lines of food trucks..."

Source: http://bit.ly/SLT5Gg
Title: "Not 'Just a Driving City'"
Author: Eric Miller


-> According to a Nov. 20th Gazette article, "Residents voted overwhelmingly Tuesday to allow the town to purchase a 4.25-mile stretch of rail bed that town officials hope to transform into a recreational trail. With 533 voters, it was standing room only in the William E. Norris School cafeteria for the special Town Meeting. Town Clerk Eileen Couture said it was the highest attendance since the July 17, 1996, meeting at which Southampton voters said no to creating a recreational trail on the unused rail corridor. But on Tuesday, 81 percent of residents in attendance voted to allow the project to move forward."

"With a vote of 432-101, residents directed the town to negotiate with the Pioneer Valley Railroad to purchase the rail bed for $340,000. The purchase is contingent on the town receiving a state grant that would reimburse it for two-thirds of the cost. As part of the article voters approved, the remaining $115,600 would come from Community Preservation Act funds. Voters also approved $39,500 from CPA funds to cover costs related to the land acquisition, such as legal fees..."

Source: http://bit.ly/UEeV0S
Title: "Southampton voters overwhelmingly approve rail bed purchase for recreational trail"
Author: Rebecca Everett

Via StreetHeadlines http://bit.ly/TG4EQL


-> According to a Dec. 3rd Columbus Republic article, "Crossing guards Tammy Imlay and Dean Hartke declare without hesitation that the crosswalk at Central Avenue and Parkside Drive is safer for children than it was two years ago, before the installation of button-activated strobe lights. Equipped with bright vests and stop signs, the pair have guarded the intersection for years to help children cross Central safely to and from Parkside Elementary School. Now city and school officials are pointing to that experience -- even though it's anecdotal -- as proof that similar flashing-light installations related to the Safe Routes to School initiative will work just as well..."

Source: http://bit.ly/UdpfrT
Title: "Providing kids safe passage: Lighted school-zone crosswalks net results"
Author: Paul Minnis


-> According to a Nov. 15th Birmingham Patch article, "Almost 430 residents from Birmingham and its surrounding communities completed a survey about multi-modal transportation in Birmingham."

"If there were more sidewalks, pathways and bike lanes in Birmingham, would you walk or ride your bike more often?"

"Those were some of the initial conclusions drawn from a survey on how residents get around in Birmingham -- whether that's driving, walking or riding the bus -- which will be considered as the city works on crafting a new multi-modal transportation plan..."

Source: http://bit.ly/VmMD9s
Title: "Survey Says Birmingham (MI) Needs More Bike Lanes, Improved Safety for Pedestrians"
Author: Laura Houser

Via National Complete Streets Coalition November News: http://bit.ly/TIM9sL


-> According to an Oct. 25th Ohio.com post, "Summit County (Akron, OH area) trail supporters Thursday celebrated the completion of the Ohio & Erie Canal Towpath Trail in the county, then announced plans for eight regional trails with a total price tag of $46 million."

"The announcement by the Summit County Trails program came at a daylong forum that drew 100 people to Goodyear Heights Metro Park in East Akron."

"Dan Rice of the Akron-based Ohio & Erie Canalway Coalition called on those in attendance to be just as passionate and hardworking about building the new trails, many of which will connect to the Towpath Trail. The trail-building effort will continue to rely heavily on partnerships, he said..."

Source: http://bit.ly/TINrE9
Title: "Eight new regional trails costing $46 million on map for Summit County"
Author: Bob Downing

Via American Trails November-December 2012 Newsletter: http://conta.cc/TODeFF


-> According to a Nov. 2nd timesfreepress.com posting, "It's official. The Great Eastern Trail -- America's newest long-distance trail for outdoorsy folks looking to bike or walk from Florida to the Finger Lakes of New York -- will stretch through Chattanooga..."

"'Chattanooga is by far the largest city that a long-distance trail passes through,' [Warren] Devine [a Great Eastern Trail board member and a volunteer for Tennessee's Cumberland Trail Conference] said."

"The Great Eastern Trail passes through nine states between New York's Finger Lakes and Alabama's Flagg Mountain. About 1,400 of the planned 1,800 miles are open for hiking..."

Source: http://bit.ly/R6NZYC
Title: "Chattanooga's greenway system about to get a lot longer"
Author: Pam Sohn

Via American Trails November-December 2012 Newsletter: http://conta.cc/TODeFF



-> "Objectives. We compared cycling injury risks of 14 route types and other route infrastructure features."

"Methods. We recruited 690 city residents injured while cycling in Toronto or Vancouver, Canada. A case-crossover design compared route infrastructure at each injury site to that of a randomly selected control site from the same trip."

"Results. Of 14 route types, cycle tracks had the lowest risk (adjusted odds ratio [OR]?=?0.11; 95% confidence interval [CI]?=?0.02, 0.54), about one ninth the risk of the reference: major streets with parked cars and no bike infrastructure. Risks on major streets were lower without parked cars (adjusted OR?=?0.63; 95% CI?=?0.41, 0.96) and with bike lanes (adjusted OR?=?0.54; 95% CI?=?0.29, 1.01). Local streets also had lower risks (adjusted OR?=?0.51; 95% CI?=?0.31, 0.84). Other infrastructure characteristics were associated with increased risks: streetcar or train tracks (adjusted OR?=?3.0; 95% CI?=?1.8, 5.1), downhill grades (adjusted OR?=?2.3; 95% CI?=?1.7, 3.1), and construction (adjusted OR?=?1.9; 95% CI?=?1.3, 2.9)."

"Conclusions. The lower risks on quiet streets and with bike-specific infrastructure along busy streets support the route-design approach used in many northern European countries. Transportation infrastructure with lower bicycling injury risks merits public health support to reduce injuries and promote cycling."

Source: http://bit.ly/SFNXFb for abstract and full text
Title: "Route Infrastructure and the Risk of Injuries to Bicyclists: A Case-Crossover Study"
Author: Kay Teschke, PhD, M. Anne Harris, PhD, Conor C.?O. Reynolds, PhD, et al.

Via National Complete Streets Coalition November News: http://bit.ly/TIM9sL


-> "This report outlines the methods that can be used in the evaluation of road safety treatments, and discusses the data requirements, and the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. It is designed to assist selection of the most appropriate evaluation method and make users aware of the limitations associated with different methods."

"The report considers four different aspects of report validity: construct validity, internal validity, external validity, and statistical conclusion validity. It also considers the threats to report validity, the most pervasive of which is the regression to the mean effect. Different methods for conducting evaluations based on crash reductions are described, and their advantages and disadvantages discussed. These include cross-section studies, simple before-after studies, before-after studies with control sites, Empirical Bayes, and randomised control trials. The practical implications of the different methods in terms of assessing the validity of studies and of conducting evaluations are discussed. The report concludes with six case studies which illustrate the methods described..."

Source: http://bit.ly/TBZgeY (The full report is available to download free with log in.)
Title: "An Introductory Guide for Evaluating Effectiveness of Road Safety Treatments"
Author: Staff


-> "When I ask my children why they would rather watch TV than go outside, they say television is more fun. But what is fun for a 3 and a 5-year-old? Their tastes are hugely influenced by mine. They emulate me, poor things. And I love screens. So when I complain about the barriers that stop them from playing in the big wide world, could it be that I am a big part of the problem?"
-- David Bond, British filmmaker in a Dec. 4th Free Range Kids post "Can We 'Addict' Kids to Outdoor Play?"



-> "According to a Nov. 28th CNET posting "When a bike components company challenges artists to create sculptures and collages from bicycle parts, expect the unexpected. Like deer skulls and one-person circus machines.

"You know that greasy bike chain sitting in the corner of your garage? Take a look at the below gallery of original art made from bicycle components, and you might think twice about getting rid of it."

"Chicago-based bike parts company SRAM gave a group of handpicked artists a box each of 100 high-performance bicycle components and told them to craft something amazing. They responded with everything from a bike-centric interpretation of Vincent van Gogh's famous 'Starry Night' to a robotic ostrich, a crawling 'Sramantis,' and your typical Mary Jane-wearing bike chain quadruped with a plastic baby head..."

Source: http://cnet.co/VjqarY
Title: "Bike parts get artists' imaginations in gear"
Author: Leslie Katz


WEBINAR "New Funding, New Players, New Game 101: Why Build Safe Routes to School into Regional Governments"

Date: December 6, 2012, 2:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. ET
Presenters: Joe Fish (Mid-Ohio Regional Planning Commission, Stephanie Weber (Safe Routes to School National Partnership)
Host: Safe Routes to School National Partnership
Cost: Free
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/QocErl

WEBINAR SERIES "Professional Transportation Planner (PTP) Refresher Course Series"

Date: Thursdays, December 6 & 13 and January 10 -31, 2013, 3:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. ET
Presenters: Michael D. Meyer (Georgia Institute of Technology)
Host: ITE
Cost: $750 ITE members, $938 non-member, $375 Student Chapter member
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/S7XWD4

WEBINAR "The Innovative DOT"

Date: December 12, 2012, 3:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. ET
Presenters: Eric Sundquist (State Smart Transportation Initiative), Roger Millar, PE, AICP (Smart Growth America)
Host: FHWA, in partnership with the Project for Public Spaces, and INDUS Corporation
Cost: Free
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/VkitBQ

WEBINAR "Streets As Places: Strategies for Improving Transportation and Land Use to Create Destination Streets and Quality Public Spaces"

Date: December 18, 2012, 2:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET
Presenters: Gary Toth (Project for Public Spaces), Kate Rube (Project for Public Spaces)
Host: FHWA and the Surface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program (STEP), in partnership with the Project for Public Spaces and INDUS Corporation
Cost: Free
Details & Registration: http://1.usa.gov/XpgEti

WEBINAR "Wayfinding Options for Cyclists"

Date: December 19, 2012, 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET
Presenters: TBA
Host: Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP)
Cost: $50 APBP members/$75 non-APBP members, or multi-webinar discounts
Contact: Debra Goeks <info@apbp.org>
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/UFCuZg

WEBINAR SERIES "Sustainable Leadership and Decision Making"

Date: Tuesdays between January 8 and February 12, 2013, 1:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. ET
Presenter: Michael Mucha (Madison Metropolitan Sewerage District)
Host: Sustainable City Network Academy
Cost: $795
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/SMArfM

WEBINAR "New Funding, New Partners, New Game 201: How to Build Safe Routes to School into Regional Governments"

Date: January 10, 2013, 2:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. ET
Presenters: TBA
Host: Safe Routes to School National Partnership
Cost: Free
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/RQiX3E

WEBINAR "Best Practices in Pedestrian Wayfinding"

Date: January 16, 2013, 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET
Presenters: TBA
Host: Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP)
Cost: $50 APBP members/$85 non-APBP members, or multi-webinar discounts
Contact: Debra Goeks <info@apbp.org>
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/U8U4T3

WEBINAR "PTOE Refresher Course Suite"

Date: Thursdays, January 31 to February 28, 2013, 12:00 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. ET
Presenter: Robert K. Seyfried, P.E., PTOE, FITE, ( Seyfried and Associates, Inc.)
Host: Institute of Transportation Engineers
Cost: $625 ITE Member/ $781 Nonmember/$313 Student Chapter Member
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/UXzhE7

WEBINAR "Driving Deaths Down: Proven Countermeasures that Work"

Date: February 20, 2013, 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET
Presenters: TBA
Host: Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP)
Cost: $50 APBP members/$85 non-APBP members, or multi-webinar discounts
Contact: Debra Goeks <info@apbp.org>
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/WfpHrE

WEBINAR "Dynamics of Effective Advisory Committees"

Date: March 20, 2013, 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET
Presenters: TBA
Host: Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP)
Cost: $50 APBP members/$85 non-APBP members, or multi-webinar discounts
Contact: Debra Goeks <info@apbp.org>
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/VvDwXS


Date: Four weeks beginning May 4, 2013, 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET
Presenters: Jennifer Evans-Cowley, PhD, AICP (The Ohio State University), Tom Sanchez, PhD (Virginia Tech University)
Host: The Ohio State University
Cost: Free [Massive Online Open Course (MOOC)]
Details & Registration: http://bit.ly/YNKGYi [See introductory video]


Graphic poster. Asian Development Bank, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit. 2011

Interactive online version of Steps to a Walkable Community guide. America Walks and Sam Schwartz Engineering. 2012

Report by Gordon (Univ. of Michigan), BarekeT, Kostyniuk, Barnes & haGan (Univ. of Michigan Transportation Research Inst.), Kim, Cody & Skabardonis (California PATH) & Vayda (Soar Technology); Strategic Highway Research Program Report S2-S09-RW-1. 2012 (General info & link to 6.0MB pdf)

Report by the FHWA. September 2012 (General info & link to 162KB pdf))

Report by Kaufman, Qing, Levenson & Hanson (Rudin Ctr for Transportation NYU Wagner Graduate School of Public Service. November 2012 (General info & link to 9MB pdf)

-> "THEY'RE SMALL BUT POWERFUL: FHWA RECOMMENDATIONS FOR Constructing Mini-Roundabouts to Reduce Congestion and Improve Safety at Intersections throughout the United States"
Public Roads article by Wei Zhang, Bared & Jagannathan; Vol. 76 #3. November/December 2012 (general info & link to online source)


Additional training opportunities are available on the National Center for Bicycling & Walking web site. Add your own items to the on-line calendar...it's quick and easy. Please be sure your calendar items pertain to training and workshops in the bicycle, pedestrian, or livable community fields. Go to:



-> 2013 National Bike Summit and Women Mean Business Event, March 4 - 6, 2013, Washington, DC.
DEADLINE: December 13, 2013

-> The 6th Making Cities Livable Conference & Sustainable Transformation Conference, June 17-19, 2013, Melbourne, Australia.
DEADLINE: February 8, 2013


-> December 11, 2012, Nevada Bicycle and Pedestrian Summit, Las Vegas, NV. Info: Kimley-Horn and Associates, Inc; Mike Colety, phone: (702) 734-5666 (office) or (702) 845-1341 (cell), email: <Mike.Colety@Kimley-Horn.com>

-> December 12, 2012, Training on the AASHTO Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, San Diego, CA.

-> December 13, 2012, 12th Annual Southwestern Pennsylvania Smart Growth Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.

-> January 13-17, 2013, Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.

-> January 30 - 31, 2013, Community Builders Summit, Bozeman, MT

-> February 1 - 3, 2013, Alliance for Bicycling and Walking Winning Campaigns Training. Minneapolis, MN.

-> February 7-9, 2013, New Partners for Smart Growth, Kansas City, MO.

-> February 26-28, 2013, Active Living Research Conference, San Diego, CA.

-> March 4-7, 2013, "Bicycling Means Business!," League of American Bicyclists National Bike Summit, Washington, DC.

-> March 6 - 8, 2013, Building a Healthier Future Summit, Partnership for a Healthier America, Washington, DC.

-> March 10-13, 2013, Asia-Pacific Cycle Congress, Gold Coast, Australia. Host: arinex pty limited, e-mail: <apcc2013@arinex.com.au>.

-> March 15 - 17, 2013, Alliance for Bicycling and Walking Winning Campaigns Training, Cleveland, OH.

-> April 5-7, 2013, Alliance for Bicycling and Walking Winning Campaigns Training, Athens, GA.

-> April 13-17, 2013, American Planning Association National Planning Conference, Chicago, IL.

-> April 14-16, 2013, Main Streets Conference, New Orleans (LA). Info: National Trust Main Street Center, phone: (202) 588-6219; email: <mainstreet@nthp.org>

-> April 14-16, 2013, Lifesavers National Conference on Highway Safety Priorities, Denver, CO.

-> April 14-17, 2013, International Trails Symposium, Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation Resort. AZ (near Scottsdale).

-> May 19 - 23, 2013, National Outdoor Recreation Conference, Traverse City, MI.

-> May 29 - June 1, 2013, CNU21, Annual Congress for the New Urbanism, Salt Lake City, UT.

-> June 2 - 7, 2013, CTAA Expo, Community Transportation Association, Albuquerque, NM.

-> June 11 - 14, 2013, "The Sound of Cycling": Velo-city Conference, Vienna, Austria.

-> June 17 - 19, 2013, The 6th Making Cities Livable Conference & Sustainable Transformation Conference, Melbourne, Australia.

-> June 23 - 27, 2013, 50th International Making Cities Livable Conference, Portland, OR.

-> July 17-19, 2013, 20th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. Info: Delft University of Technology

-> July 30 - August 2, 2013, 17th International Conference Intergenerational Pathways for Strengthening Communities, Generations United, Washington, DC.

-> August 2 - 4, 2013, Alliance for Bicycling and Walking Winning Campaigns Training, White Plains, NY.

-> August 4 - 7, 2013, ITE 2013 Annual Meeting & Exhibit, Boston, MA.

-> August 13 - 15, 2013, Safe Routes to School National Conference, Sacramento, CA.

-> August 25 - 28, 2013, International Public Works Congress & Exposition, Chicago, IL.

-> September 13 - 15, 2013, Alliance for Bicycling and Walking Winning Campaigns Training, Helena, MT.

-> October 22 - 25, 2013, Association of MPOs, Portland, OR.

-> November 2 - 6, 2013, American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA.


Please limit job announcements to about 150-250 words and include a web link for the full description. This will reduce the editor's workload! Thanks!


Regarded as one of the preeminent global awards for excellence in urban design, the CNU Charter Awards honors a select number of winners and honorable mentions - including one grand professional prize, and one grand academic prize for students - across multiple categories from a competitive field of entries.

CNU convenes a jury of distinguished designers, architects, planners and scholars who review the entries and select the winners. Chairing this year's jury will be CNU Board Vice Chair Doug Farr, founding principal of Farr Associates and author of Sustainable Urbanism.

Winning projects are recognized for their excellence in fulfilling and advancing the principles of the Charter of the New Urbanism, which defines the essential qualities of walkable, sustainable places from the scale of the region down to the block and building. Recognizing outstanding architectural, landscape and urban designs built in harmony with their physical and social contexts, the Charter Awards have honored projects from Andorra to South Africa, Beijing to San Antonio.

Deadline: January 30, 2013.



NCHRP 20-6, Study Topic 20-01
The Transportation Research Board (TRB), as part of its work with the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), plans to award a contract for a study and report. TRB anticipates an estimated 345-420 hour level of effort and compensation in the $43,125.00 to $65,520.00 range for this project. Research reports sponsored by this project are published in TRB's Legal Research Digests (LRD) series or in electronic format. Publications are made available to some libraries and to approximately 4000 transportation lawyers and officials through the TRB distribution network.

Deadline: December 11, 2012.



Interested in advocating for people to be able to live in great local neighborhoods, with strong economic development opportunities and a healthy environment? Looking to gain federal, state, and local policy experience in pursuit of safe, strong communities? If so, Smart Growth America may be the place for you.

POLICY, GOV'T AFFAIRS & OUTREACH FELLOW: Smart Growth America is hiring for a Policy, Government Affairs and Outreach Fellow to contribute to our federal and local policy research and advocacy. This is an opportunity that features a great deal of responsibility, including work to move Smart Growth America's legislative priorities, direct work with our state and local coalition members as well as our coalition of smart growth real estate developers and investors, LOCUS, and a network of communities across the country doing comprehensive regional planning.

The Fellowship position requires a self-motivated, detail-oriented person with excellent writing, oral communication, and organizational skills and the ability to work independently with minimal supervision. Candidates should have a strong interest in smart growth, economic development, transportation, community growth or related areas.


COMMUNICATIONS FELLOW: Smart Growth America is hiring for a Communications Fellow to contribute to our website, online networks, and press outreach efforts. This is an opportunity that features a great deal of responsibility, direct collaboration with our supporters, and valuable hands-on experience.

The ideal Communications Fellow is an excellent writer, is tapped into news about politics and smart growth development, and can turn that information into engaging content for our website, email lists and social media. All Fellows should be excellent team players who can perform regular duties while also offering new ideas for how to make our work even better.



This position will serve as the Capital Project Manager for the Montgomery County Annual Bikeways Program, in the Department of Transportation's Division of Transportation Engineering Planning & Design Section. This position will oversee the budgeting and directing the construction of bicycle facilities, including bike lanes, multi-use trails, parking/end-of-trip facilities, pavement marking and signage plans for both safety and way finding.

Prepare and submit budget estimates, progress and cost tracking reports, manage, coordinate, and supervise the construction process from the conceptual development stage through final construction on time and within budget. Directs and/or participates in the inspection of bicycle facilities or other road projects to assure that approved design is executed and that construction meets established standards. Develops or directs the development of requests for proposals, scopes of services, bid packages, contracts, amendments and other documents for the selection and contracting of design and construction services. Position requires thorough knowledge of grading, drainage, paving (asphalt and concrete), pavement markings and signage, construction, retaining walls, and other construction scopes related to bicycle facilities. File for necessary permits for project or assists consultant or contractor to prepare documents to file. Compile and analyze bicycle planning, design, and program data with a focus on customer service, innovation, and continuous improvement. Coordinate new project development or major renovation with user agency to ensure that facility meets their requirements.

Deadline: December 16, 2012



DIRECTOR OF GOV'T RELATIONS & ADVOCACY: The full-time Director of Government Relations and Advocacy directs and executes the federal, state, and regional legislative and advocacy agendas. The position also manages legislation before the Chicago City Council and provides support and direction for local advocacy initiatives.

Position is open until filled. For priority consideration, please submit application no later than December 15, 2012.


SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL COORDINATOR - SPANISH PROFICIENCY: With grant funding from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) has launched a comprehensive initiative aimed at improving the health and well-being of Chicago's students. Active Transportation Alliance has been contracted to facilitate the Safe Routes to Schools (SRTS) portion of this initiative. The SRTS program seeks to encourage and enable children to safely walk or bicycle to school.

The Safe Routes to School Coordinator is responsible for coordinating the broad implementation of SRTS in CPS. The SRTS Coordinator will help disseminate active transportation materials and implement SRTS actions plans in CPS elementary schools. The Coordinator will develop Safe Routes Action Plans for schools (75% in communities with high levels of healthy disparities) and deliver in-depth parent, student, teacher and administrator trainings to implement the school plans.


VOLUNTEER COORDINATOR/EVENTS ASSISTANT: The Active Transportation Alliance, a nonprofit bicycling, walking and public transit advocacy organization, seeks a Volunteer Coordinator/Event Assistant to generate and manage volunteers for three biking events: Bike the Drive, one of the largest bicycling events in the country, the Four Star Bike Tour and the Chicago Bike Swap. The qualified candidate will also assist with all aspects of event production.

Qualified candidates should possess excellent writing, communication, time-management and organizational skills with an interest in working as a strong contributor to a team. Candidates should also have an interest in event management, volunteering recruitment/coordination, general nonprofit work and bicycling. This part-time to full-time, temporary position starts Tuesday, February 12 and ends Friday, September 6, 2013. Pay rate: $13/hour.

Deadline: January 4, 2013



This is mid-level professional work of more than average difficulty in city transportation planning and traffic engineering

An employee in this class is responsible for performing professional work related to the City's multi-modal transportation planning efforts in the implementation of Complete Streets, rail infrastructure, bus and trolley transit service and enhancements, as well as other City transportation and mobility initiatives. The position will assist in long range transportation planning and develop a financial plan for implementing selected projects and strategies. The position will also assist in traffic engineering elements including the City's Development Review Committee (DRC) traffic and parking review, traffic operational and safety study analysis, traffic calming implementation, maintenance of traffic plan review, traffic investigations and associated signing, pavement marking and signalization modifications to the existing road network.



Duties include implementing a bicycle and pedestrian program for LFUCG and the Lexington Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) Program whose goals are to improve conditions for bicycling and walking through sound planning and engineering policies and practices; identify funding for and facilitate implementation of bicycle and pedestrian projects; promotes the benefits and use of alternative transportation modes; improve bicycle and pedestrian safety through education; encourage the enforcement codes relating to bicycle and pedestrian facilities.

Closing Date: December 10, 2012

http://bit.ly/TFDjPG [Search for position title]


The League of American Bicyclists is seeking a Communications Manager to implement the League's communications strategy and create and manage content for print and Web. The position will manage web publishing (including writing and editing blog posts), social media, brand management, and promotional materials.

This person will also work on the bi-monthly League magazine, and will lead media and public relations. This job requires strong writing skills, excellent time management, and experience editing a variety of writers. The communications manager will assist in all aspects of social media and Web site (Drupal-based) presentation of the League's programs.

Deadline: December 7, 2012.



LivableStreets is searching for a Campaign Coordinator to play a critical part in our growing non-profit organization. We challenge people, government, and businesses to think differently about the role of transportation in our daily lives. We're working to create a system that better balances transit, walking, and biking with automobiles to make the Boston region more connected and livable. We inspire a vision, build partnerships, empower communities, and create change.




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COPYING: We encourage you to copy our content as long as you identify the source in this way: "from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking."

Editor: John Williams
Assistant Editor: Linda Tracy
Executive Editor and Program Manager: Mark Plotz, AICP
Web/Systems Administrator: Jimmy Johnston
Send news items to: <john@bikewalk.org

Contributors: Winona Bateman, Charles Bingham, John Cinatl, Mike Colety, Russell Houston, Bob Laurie, Deborah Lou, David Loutzenheiser, Harrison Marshall, Eloisa Raynault, Richard Risemberg, Bill Wilkinson, Ken Wuschke, music contributor: Amos Milburn


©2012 - NCBW | The National Center for Bicycling & Walking is a program of Project for Public Spaces, Inc. http://www.bikewalk.org/contact.php