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C-E-N-T-E-R-L-I-N-E-S

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#412 Wednesday, June 29, 2016

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CenterLines is the bi-weekly e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking, a program of Project for Public Spaces. CenterLines is our way of quickly delivering news and information you can use to create more walkable and bicycle-friendly communities.

T-H-E--N-A-T-I-O-N-A-L-&-I-N-T-E-R-N-A-T-I-O-N-A-L--S-C-E-N-E
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----- 21 Assumptions that Influence Traffic Forecast Outcomes
----- European FLOW Project Cycling & Walking Modeling
----- USDOT: Safer People, Safer Streets Initiative
----- States To Test Taxing Drivers’ Travel Instead of Gas
----- People Who Don't Drive Subsidize Those Who Do
----- Who Really Pays for Free Parking
----- Walkable Cities Are Better By Almost Any Metric
----- Ottawa, Canada: Police, Sonar & Safe Passing Distances
----- Call for Comments on STAR Community Rating System Version 2.0
----- Call for Survey Responses Re Transportation & Health Tool Use

R-E-G-I-O-N-A-L and L-O-C-A-L--A-C-T-I-O-N-S
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----- Portland, OR Considers Ped & Bike Access During Construction
----- West Palm Beach, FL Studies Ramblas
----- Lower Manhattan, NY Streetscape Study
----- Caltrans: Confusing Accelerated Ped Signal Call Boxes
----- MN DOT Pilot to Test Radar Bike Sensor
----- Washington, DC: See How Different Riders Use Capital Bikeshare
----- Video: Boulder, CO Bike to Work Day

T-H-E--R-E-S-E-A-R-C-H--B-E-A-T
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----- WI Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis: 2011-2013
----- More Effective Ped Crash Hot Spot Identification Approach
----- Built Environment & Walking Among Older Brazilians
----- Scotland: Seasonality, Utilitarian Walking & Urbanized Settings
----- School Location, Neighborhood Context & Walking Trips to School
----- Youth Compliance w/ Mandatory Helmet Law & Cycling to School

R-E-S-O-U-R-C-E-S
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----- TRB Report: Transit Supportive Parking Policies and Programs
----- US EPA: Innovative Green Infrastructure for Downtowns & Infill
----- ULI: Building Healthy Places Toolkit
----- T4A Report: Planning for a Healthier Future
----- SGA: Smart Growth Strategies for Economic Development
----- US EPA: Smart School Siting Tool
----- NHTSA 2014 Summary of Motor Vehicle Crashes
----- TRB Synthesis: State DOT Roundabout Practices

N-E-W-S--S-E-C-T-I-O-N-S
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- The National Scene
- Regional Actions
- The Research Beat
- Quotes R Us
- Webinars and Seminars
- Resources
- Share What You Know
- Conferences
- Jobs, Grants & RFPs
- Housekeeping
- Contact Us

THE NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL SCENE

21 ASSUMPTIONS THAT INFLUENCE TRAFFIC FORECAST OUTCOMES
-> According to StreetsBlog USA: The people who make the case for highways often present themselves as unbiased technicians, but traffic forecasting is not a neutral, dispassionate exercise. It is subject to all sorts of incentives, beliefs, and assumptions that can skew the results in a particular direction. Industry consultant Robert Bain catalogued 21 ways forecasters manipulate data to make toll road financing look attractive. (Big Numbers Win Prizes: Twenty-one Ways to Inflate Toll Road Traffic and Revenue Forecasts. http://bit.ly/2933XjC) Gaming numbers isn’t limited to toll roads — DOTs do it for taxpayer-funded projects too (http://bit.ly/28Z5XpK). The hard part for outsiders, even seasoned experts, is identifying the distortions so bad forecasts can be debunked. A good place to start is to insist that the forecaster reveal all the assumptions that went into the projection. http://bit.ly/291Jmgk

EUROPEAN FLOW PROJECT CYCLING & WALKING MODELING
-> The European Cyclists’ Federation notes many traditional traffic models are developed only to predict car traffic. Therefore it is not a surprise they register a positive result when deciding the construction of additional car lanes, and a negative one when car lanes are replaced by cycle paths. The FLOW project (http://bit.ly/2928lg4) aims to put walking and cycling on an equal footing with motorized modes as a solution to tackle urban congestion. It uses transport modeling to master traffic and predict transportation changes that did not take into account cycling or walking on an earlier stage. Most European cities involved in the FLOW project only modeled private car and public transport. Only two out of nine cities involved in the data exchange of the FLOW project do some modeling for cyclists and only one takes into account pedestrians in the traffic models. The FLOW project will now help cities introduce proper cycling and walking indicators in transport models. Check out the work Budapest, Lisbon, Ireland, Poland and others are doing. http://bit.ly/294xKaa

USDOT: SAFER PEOPLE, SAFER STREETS INITIATIVE
-> A recent Public Roads article describes Safer People, Safer Streets, a comprehensive USDOT initiative lead by Secretary Anthony Foxx to make walking and bicycling more secure and comfortable. It describes the process and outcomes of conducting road safety assessments in every state, the 240-city Mayors' Challenge, the interactive pedestrian and bicycle safety countermeasure selection systems, updated costs of pedestrian and bicyclist safety infrastructure, and the updated residents' guide to address issues that affect bike and ped safety. "Leading The Charge for Safer Streets" http://1.usa.gov/297XvcK

STATES TO TEST TAXING DRIVERS' TRAVEL INSTEAD OF GAS
-> Delaware, Pennsylvania, Connecticut and New Hampshire are proposing pilots to figure out how they might charge motorists a fee for the miles they travel -- rather than taxing their gas reports The Washington Post. The I-95 Corridor Coalition, which represents transportation officials from 16 states and the District of Columbia, applied for a federal grant last month to test the idea. Officials would stitch together the policies and technologies needed to count the miles driven by 50 recruits from each of the four states. They would send out "faux invoices" monthly. And they would collect the data that legislatures — and the driving public — would require to decide if the change makes sense. California plans to launch a pilot in July, also with fake invoices, and Oregon has had success with a volunteer program collecting actual cash. http://wapo.st/292tpId

PEOPLE WHO DON'T DRIVE SUBSIDIZE THOSE WHO DO
-> A recent Washington Post article notes motor vehicle parking requirements are often arbitrary (planning for parking, UCLA economist Donald Shoup writes, "is more a political activity than a professional skill"). And they fall particularly heavily on the poor, the group least likely to have access to cars. "People who are too poor to own a car," Shoup writes in the University of California's ACCESS Magazine, "pay more for their groceries to ensure that richer people can park free when they drive to the store." The cost of constructing above-ground parking in a major American city runs about $24,000 per space, not including the cost of buying the land underneath it. An underground spot costs $34,000. Either way, a single parking space costs more than twice the median net worth of black and Hispanic households in America. http://wapo.st/1UjPJuq

WHO REALLY PAYS FOR FREE PARKING
-> A Milken Institute Review article considers who really pays for two types of free parking: shopping mall parking and curbside parking. The cost of mall parking is reflected in store rents, and higher rents are reflected in the prices of the goods and services the stores sell. City dwellers may think that curbside parking is free in front of their houses. But the value of the parking is capitalized in housing prices. One way or another someone always pays, often indirectly, in the form of higher prices for something else. Moreover, the enormous amounts of land and structures needed for parking almost guarantee that mispricing parking spaces will have substantial consequences on economic efficiency and societal welfare. http://bit.ly/29796Hg

WALKABLE CITIES ARE BETTER BY ALMOST ANY METRIC
-> Fast Company reports walkable cities are better by almost any metric. A new report (Foot Traffic Ahead: Ranking Walkable Urbanism in America's Largest Metros: http://bit.ly/1iiyaLE) shows which cities are moving fastest toward "walkable urbanism." It does this by identifying walkable urban places—or "Walk-UPs"—and analyzing what proportion these areas now make to the overall mix. New York City; Washington, D.C.; Boston; Chicago; San Francisco; and Seattle come out top among 30 cities studied. San Diego, Dallas, Las Vegas, Tampa, San Antonio, Phoenix, and Orlando have the lowest walkable urbanism levels, defined by the percentage of office, retail, and multi-family development in Walk-UP places. http://bit.ly/1XsgCQ9

OTTAWA, CANADA: POLICE, SONAR & SAFE PASSING DISTANCES
-> New technology adopted by law enforcement in Ottawa could help enforce legal distance between bicyclists and people driving. A device mounted on an officer's bicycle handlebars uses sonar to measure the distance between a bicyclist and people driving by. The device will beep if the car is within one meter of the bike, the legal limit in the city of Ottawa, allowing the police rider to radio ahead to colleagues so the person driving can be pulled over. At this point, the main use of the device is to spread awareness about the safe distance law, which was passed last September to increase bicyclists' safety and reduce fatal crashes. http://wapo.st/299JwBS

CALL FOR COMMENTS ON STAR COMMUNITY RATING SYSTEM VERSION 2.0
-> Since the release of the STAR Community Rating System (STAR) in 2012, over 50 communities have been certified under STAR and hundreds of others have used the framework to guide local planning, decision-making, and investment. STAR is based on a guiding principle of continuous improvement. The proposed STAR Community Rating System Version 2.0, is now available for Public Review and Comment on its goals, objectives, and measures. The revision process does not include the detailed methodologies or additional resources published in the companion Technical Guide. Deadline: July 15, 2016, http://bit.ly/294lEhf

CALL FOR SURVEY RESPONSES RE TRANSPORTATION & HEALTH TOOL USE
-> Help US DOT & the CDC identify potential case studies for their Transportation and Health Tool (THT) launched last fall. If you have used or plan to use it for a project, plan, policy initiative, study or anything else please complete a brief survey about your use: http://svy.mk/2952Fpj The THT helps transportation decision-makers and stakeholders understand how a state or metropolitan area compares to others across a set of key transportation and health indicators. The tool also includes 25 evidence-based strategies to improve health outcomes and equity through transportation. http://1.usa.gov/1j6Rs7M


REGIONAL AND LOCAL ACTIONS

PORTLAND, OR CONSIDERS PED & BIKE ACCESS DURING CONSTRUCTION
-> Portland, OR is trying to make it easier for pedestrians and cyclists to navigate construction zones -- even when it means closing a travel lane to cars. The Portland City Council will vote on a resolution on June 29, formalizing a policy the city has already applied in recent months. It requires construction firms to create a traffic management plan that preserves access for pedestrians and cyclists. Previously, closing a traffic lane wasn't considered an option to make room for pedestrians or a bike lane. Under the new policy, closing a sidewalk is considered a last resort, and closing a traffic lane to facilitate foot traffic is fair game. http://bit.ly/297gSRt

WEST PALM BEACH, FL STUDIES RAMBLAS
-> Walkable West Palm Beach reports their city is studying enhancements to North Broadway from 25th to 42nd St.. One proposal is to convert the center of the road to a promenade/ramblas configuration with a multi-modal pathway and parking in the center. When we think of complete streets we usually think that parking and bike facilities are located on the outside of the street and cars have use of the middle of the street. Check out photos of the middle of street being used for bikes, parking, cycle tracks, public plazas or a combination. http://bit.ly/1UUhPMC

LOWER MANHATTAN, NY STREETSCAPE STUDY
-> Recently an inventory of sidewalks in the four lower Manhattan neighborhoods (population: 69,500), documented18 permanent sidewalk features -- benches, phone booths, subway entrances, bus stops, street trees, newsstands, trash cans, etc. -- to determine what's enhancing the pedestrian environment and what's hindering mobility. In a second phase, surveys of residents and passersby asked what the biggest sidewalk hindrances were and what people most wanted improved. (Streetscape Study of Lower Manhattan: An Analysis of the Sidewalk Features and Public Space of Manhattan Community District 1: http://on.nyc.gov/296qM5W) The local community board plans to use this report to push the city into doing a more robust study of sidewalk quality, width and temporary obstacles such as construction scaffolding and trash. Ultimately they want the city to produce a comprehensive lower Manhattan mobility plan that includes transit stop reconfiguration, new signage and wayfinding, wider sidewalks and more. Next City: http://bit.ly/294D9jJ

CALTRANS: CONFUSING ACCELERATED PED SIGNAL CALL BOXES
-> As part of its Americans with Disabilities Act compliance, Caltrans began installing bright yellow boxes at Santa Maria, CA intersections with accelerated accessible pedestrian signals. The new boxes have confused people walking because signs direct them to push a button, but then only provide a sensor area rather than an actual button to push. Caltrans also plans to add new features including a vibrotactile "walk sign on" tone and a beeping countdown once the sensor is activated. KSBY News: http://bit.ly/28ZvdMr

MN DOT PILOT TO TEST RADAR BIKE SENSOR
-> The Rochester, MN Post-Bulletin reports MN DOT is conducting a pilot study to determine the effectiveness of a radar bicycle sensor designed to detect when a bicycle is waiting. It will trigger a green light for through passage or a green left turn arrow. The study will provide data to agencies and communities on equipment that can be used effectively for bicycle traffic. http://bit.ly/1XXfKUI

WASHINGTON, DC: SEE HOW DIFFERENT RIDERS USE CAPITAL BIKESHARE
-> A Next City article offers the chance to watch how different riders use DC's Capital Bikeshare. Members of Capital Bikeshare in Washington, D.C., tend to take short, quick trips on direct routes, while casual riders borrowing the bikes for just a day or two tend to take longer, more meandering rides, according to analysis done recently on District Department of Transportation data. (Bikeshare GPS Insights Highlight Stark Differences Across Types of Trips: http://bit.ly/298Hfbv) The District's DOT outfitted 130 Capital Bikeshare bikes last spring with GPS devices. The data show that the average casual users' trip was nearly twice as long in distance as a member's trip, nearly three times as long in duration, and on average nearly half as fast. http://bit.ly/298G9wt

VIDEO: BOULDER, CO BIKE TO WORK DAY
-> Check out a short bit of infectious enthusiasm for this year's Boulder, CO Bike to Work Day. http://bit.ly/291CrDV


THE RESEARCH BEAT

WI PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE CRASH ANALYSIS: 2011-2013
-> A report released by University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee studied crashes involving pedestrians and bicyclists throughout Wisconsin from 2011-2013 to determine the conditions behind those resulting in fatalities and serious injuries. Findings include higher levels of walking and bicycling were associated with greater pedestrian and bicyclist safety; however these modes were overrepresented in fatal crashes; and the highest concentrations of fatal and severe-injury pedestrian and bicycle crashes tend to be along signalized, multilane, arterial roadway corridors in urban and suburban areas with moderate to high levels of pedestrian or bicycle activity. The study, funded by WI DOT, made engineering recommendations for crash hot spots as well as education, evaluation, and enforcement programs that could reduce the number of crashes. "Wisconsin Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis: 2011-2013" http://bit.ly/292UXsp

MORE EFFECTIVE PED CRASH HOT SPOT IDENTIFICATION APPROACH
-> Authors of a recent article published in Accident Analysis & Prevention note network screening techniques to identify locations with high collision concentrations, or "hot spots" to analyze automobile collisions may not be as effective in evaluating pedestrian crashes. They propose a dynamic programming-based hot spot identification approach, which generates more hot spots with a higher number of crashes, while providing small hot spot segment lengths. "Dynamic Programming-based Hot Spot Identification Approach for Pedestrian Crashes" http://bit.ly/294M3xM

BUILT ENVIRONMENT & WALKING AMONG OLDER BRAZILIANS
-> In an article published in the Journal of Physical Activity & Health, researchers report on a population-based study in 80 census tracts in Brazil, including 1,705 adults 60 years old and older. They measured walking using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and assessed built environment characteristics through a geographic information system. Older individuals living in neighborhoods with a higher population density, higher street connectivity, a higher sidewalk proportion, and paved streets were more likely to walk for transportation. "Built Environment and Walking Behavior Among Brazilian Older Adults: A Population-Based Study" http://bit.ly/294c3ee

SCOTLAND: SEASONALITY, UTILITARIAN WALKING & URBANIZED SETTINGS
-> A recent Social Science & Medicine article finds significant geographical variations of seasonality effect on utilitarian walking in Scotland. People living in rural areas were more sensitive to seasonality impacts than those living in urban areas and these results vary across seasons. "How Does the Seasonality Influence Utilitarian Walking Behaviour in Different Urbanization Settings in Scotland?" http://bit.ly/28ZyN97

SCHOOL LOCATION, NEIGHBORHOOD CONTEXT & WALKING TO SCHOOL
-> A Journal of Physical Activity & Health article notes despite the large number of studies of children's walking to/from school (WTS), the school's location in relation to the larger neighborhood context has not been fully explored. A recent study examined the relationship between school's spatial centrality and children's WTS in urban, suburban and rural settings. (Does a More Centrally Located School Promote Walking to School? Spatial Centrality in School-Neighborhood Settings: http://bit.ly/1WyWdc2) Researchers found that more centrally located schools are likely to have higher proportions of WTS in the neighborhoods. And, among urban, suburban and rural settings, urban schools were the most and rural schools were the least likely to be centrally located in the neighborhoods.

[See Resource section for US EPA Smart School Siting Tool.]

YOUTH COMPLIANCE W/ MANDATORY HELMET LAW & CYCLING TO SCHOOL
-> In an article published in the Journal of Physical Activity & Health, researchers consider the frequency of cycling to school and helmet wearing in Valencia, Spain after the introduction of a mandatory helmet law. They also identified factors associated with the acceptance of helmet use. The implementation of the helmet-use law did not have a negative impact on the frequency of cycling to school. "The Impact of Mandatory Helmet-Use Legislation on the Frequency of Cycling to School and Helmet Use Among Adolescents" http://bit.ly/299OnDq


QUOTES R US

"If 30,000 people were killed each year in the United States by a curable illness, we would call it a public health crisis. We would deploy resources, vaccines and interventions to address the spread and bring the death toll to the only acceptable level: zero. Yet, every year 30,000+ people are killed in preventable traffic collisions in this country. Vision Zero asks us to see those traffic deaths like polio or cholera: epidemics that, with an urgent health framing and public response, can be eradicated."
-- Arielle Fleisher in The Central Role of Public Health in Vision Zero, a case study exploring how cities are using public health tools -- including epidemiology, research and a focus on the root causes of health inequities -- to advance their Vision Zero efforts. http://bit.ly/25X0WJQ

AND NOW, FOR SOMETHING COMPLETELY DIFFERENT...

CITY MAPS: A COLORING BOOK FOR ADULTS
Try your hand at coloring one of the 40 city maps, including London, Boston, Los Angles, Dhaka, and Buenos Aires. http://bit.ly/2900a5y

Send us your recommended summer reads (or something you’ve just published): news@bikewalk.org.

10 REASONS MONTANA IS THE MOST BEAUTIFUL MOUNTAINOUS STATE IN AMERICA.
Your Editor's Shameless Plug. http://bit.ly/291wIKx


WEBINARS, WEBCASTS AND SEMINARS
To better help you plan your continuing education activities, we list Webinars scheduled in the next month. Check our searchable master calendar at http://bit.ly/centerlines for opportunities farther in the future. To subscribe, look for the + Google Calendar button in the lower right corner. iCal users can subscribe automatically here: http://bit.ly/centerlines_ical.

NEXT UP

Webinar "Vision Zero" Part of US DOT Mayors' Challenge for Safer People, Safer Streets
Date: June 30, 2016, 2:00 - 3:00 pm ET
Presenters: Leah Shahum (Vision Zero Network), Keith Benjamin (Safe Routes to School National Partnership), Jonathan Rogers (D.C. DOT) & Essie Wagner (NHTSA)
Hosts: USDOT
Details: http://svy.mk/29dVvxe, free

Webinar "500 Cities Webinar" (data analysis of 27 chronic disease measures for the 500 largest American cities)
Date: June 30, 2016, 2:00 - 3:00 pm ET
Presenters: Oktawia P. Wojcik (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation), James B. Holt (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) & Judith A. Monroe (CDC Foundation)
Hosts: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Details: http://bit.ly/1TXnfYi, free

Webinar "Converting Paved Roads to Unpaved"
Date: June 30, 2016, 2:00 - 3:30 pm ET
Presenters: Presenters: Laura Fay (Western Transportation Institute), Ken Skorseth (South Dakota State Univ. -SDLTAP) & David Jones (Univ. of California Pavement Research Center)
Hosts: Transportation Research Board
Details: http://bit.ly/1Y2cxBN, free for TRB affiliates, $95 for other sites

Webinar "Another View on Urban Transportation: Scenes and Details, Policy and Action from Cities of Africa, Asia and Australia"
Date: July 7, 2016, 4:00 - 5:30 pm ET
Presenters: Cole Hendrigan (City of Red Deer)
Hosts: Simon Fraser University & partners
Details: http://bit.ly/1UyCza3, free.

Webinar "Grading the Walking Movement"
Date: July 12, 2016, 1:00 - 2:00 pm ET
Presenters: Brianna Barber (Durango Hills YMCA of Southern Nevada), Michelle Lieberman (Safe Route stop School National Partnership) & Jim McGowan (YMCA o the USA)
Hosts: America Walks
Details: http://bit.ly/29lkoG4, free.

Webinar "From Spaces for Cars to Spaces for People: How Shared Space in Auckland Moves Us Towards People-oriented Spaces"
Date: July 12, 2016, 3:00 - 4:30 pm ET
Presenters: Darren Davis (Auckland Transport)
Hosts: Simon Fraser University & partners
Details: http://bit.ly/1UyCza3, free.

Webinar "U.S. Federal Policy Briefing"
Date: July 12, 2016, 1:00 - 2:00 pm ET
Presenters: Caron Whitaker (League of American Bicyclists), Christy Kwan (Alliance for Biking & Walking) & Kit Keller (Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals)
Hosts: APBP
Details: http://bit.ly/1rucli3, free.

Webinar "Friends and Allies for the Walking Movement" America Walks Webinar Series
Date: July 14, 2016, 2:00 - 3:00 pm ET
Presenters: TBA
Hosts: America Walks
Details: http://bit.ly/1NwY0pa, free.

Webinar "Performance Measures to Evaluate New and Established Practices"
Date: July 20, 2016, 3:00-4:00 pm ET
Presenters: Peter Koonce (Portland (OR) Bureau of Transportation)
Hosts: Association of Pedestrian & Bicycle Professionals
Details: http://bit.ly/1OtXr0c, site license $50 for members, $85 for non-members


RESOURCES

TRB REPORT: TRANSIT SUPPORTIVE PARKING POLICIES AND PROGRAMS
-> "Transit Supportive Parking Policies and Programs" documents transit agency parking policies and parking management at transit stations via a scan of current research on transit supportive parking policies, a survey distributed to a sample of transit agencies, and several brief agency profiles based on interviews and existing available data. Search for the words "bicycle" and "bike" to learn about bike parking practices. http://bit.ly/292Qd86

US EPA: INNOVATIVE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR DOWNTOWNS & INFILL
-> US EPA released a report describing downtowns and infill developments that overcame challenges in green development, including sustainable transportation infrastructure. Its 12 case studies help identify successful strategies and lessons learned for overcoming common problems. "City Green: Innovative Green Infrastructure Solutions for Downtowns and Infill Locations" http://1.usa.gov/297TzZJ

ULI: BUILDING HEALTHY PLACES TOOLKIT
-> A new Urban Land Institute toolkit outlines opportunities to enhance health through changes in approaches to buildings and projects. Its strategies and tactics can create places that contribute to healthier people and communities and to enhance and preserve value. The Toolkit provides 21 evidence-based recommendations that are supported by action-oriented evidence-based and best practice strategies. It also includes seven schematics that illustrate how the recommendations can be applied across real estate product sectors. "Building Healthy Places Toolkit: Strategies for Enhancing Health in the Built Environment" http://on.uli.org/1GhD9bF

T4A REPORT: PLANNING FOR A HEALTHIER FUTURE
-> Cities and regions around the country face important choices about how to use limited resources to promote healthy communities and provide a great quality of life for all of their residents. A new resource released by T4America (Planning for a Healthier Future: Incorporating Health, Equity and Environmental Performance Measures in Regional Transportation Plans: http://bit.ly/29afAph), helps metro areas find ways to use performance measures to improve public health, address social equity concerns, and advance environmental quality. http://bit.ly/290LzZK

SGA: SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
-> Smart Growth America released "its Amazing Place: Six Cities Using the New Recipe for Economic Development" report. (http://bit.ly/291SX2y) It considers how six cities are using smart growth and placemaking strategies to attract new companies and new residents. Smart growth strategies include zoning changes, incentives for infill development, policies to make a range of housing available, street improvements, investments in transit, support for public parks and gathering spaces, and creative reuse of historic buildings.

US EPA: SMART SCHOOL SITING TOOL
-> School locations and community development are inextricably linked. School locations affect community land use patterns and infrastructure needs. School siting and other community decisions influence housing and transportation choices, neighborhood vitality, economic development, costs of community services, environmental quality, and overall community health and well-being. US EPA developed the Smart School Siting Tool to help school agencies and other local government agencies work together to better align school siting and other community development decisions. It includes a User Guide (http://1.usa.gov/28ZSVrL), Assessment & Planning Workbook (http://1.usa.gov/29aedqH), and Site Comparison Workbook (http://1.usa.gov/294PCBw) Further details at: http://1.usa.gov/29eAySY.

[See Research section study Does a More Centrally Located School Promote Walking to School? Spatial Centrality in School-Neighborhood Settings.]

NHTSA 2014 SUMMARY OF MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES
-> NHTSA released its "2014 Summary of Motor Vehicle Crashes" (http://1.usa.gov/291QBWd). The portion of nonoccupant (pedestrian, bicyclists, and other cyclists) fatalities increased from 13 percent to 18 percent between 2005 and 2014. On average, a pedestrian is killed in a motor vehicle crash every 108 minutes, and one is injured about every 8 minutes. Using 2010 data, the most recent available, the tangible economic cost for pedestrians' crashes is $11.5 billion and for bicyclists' crashes is $4.4 billion. The comprehensive costs, including quality of life factors, are $65 billion for pedestrians' crashes and $21.7 billion for bicyclists' crashes. http://1.usa.gov/291QBWd

TRB SYNTHESIS: STATE DOT ROUNDABOUT PRACTICES
-> TRB recently published "Roundabout Practices: A Synthesis of Highway Practice," a reference for creating or updating roundabout and intersection control policies. This synthesis summarizes roundabout policies, guidance, and practices within state DOTs as of 2015. http://bit.ly/1UTRn8O


SHARE WHAT YOU KNOW

-> CALL FOR CONFERENCE TOPIC/SPEAKER SUGGESTIONS - North American Bikeshare Association, 2016 Annual Conference, November 9-11, 2016, Austin, TX.
Deadline: None provided, http://bit.ly/29nMiBb

-> CALL FOR SESSION PROPOSALS - New Partners for Smart Growth, February 2-4, 2017, St. Louis, MO.
Deadline Extended: July 5, 2016, http://bit.ly/1Ue1u2y

-> CALL FOR ABSTRACTS - 9th International Urban Design Conference
Deadline: July 25, 2016, http://bit.ly/1UTJHhl

-> CALL FOR PAPERS - Journal of Case Studies in Transportation Policy Special Issue: Understanding Governance at the Nexus of Transportation and Environmental Health
Deadline: August 1, 2016, http://bit.ly/1PqQT17

-> CALL FOR PAPERS - 96th TRB Annual Meeting, January 8-12, 2017, Washington, DC.
Deadline: August 1, 2016, http://bit.ly/1svbCxW

-> CALL FOR ABSTRACTS - Velo-city 2017 Arnhem-Nijmegen, June 13-16, 2017, Arnhem and Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Deadline: September 30, 2016, http://bit.ly/1PsTedH

-> CALL FOR ABSTRACTS - 5th Urban Street Symposium, May 21-24, 2017, Raleigh, NC.
Deadline: October 31, 2016, http://bit.ly/297g67i

-> CALL FOR PAPERS - World Symposium on Transport and Land Use Research 2017, July 3-6, 2017, Brisbane, Australia.
Deadline: October 31, 2016, http://bit.ly/27x6ut0

CONFERENCES, TRAINING, & EVENTS
For a searchable calendar of conferences, training and events in the bicycle, pedestrian, or livable community fields, go to: http://bit.ly/centerlines. To subscribe, look for the + Google Calendar button in the lower right corner. iCal users can subscribe automatically here: http://bit.ly/centerlines_ical. We will continue to list the new items here since the last issue.

ON THE HORIZON

-> July 2-3, 2016 - Symposium on Innovations in Traffic Flow Theory and Characteristics in the Era of Autonomous Vehicles, Big Data, and the Internet of Things (IoT) and Traffic Flow Theory and Characteristics Committee (AHB45) 2016 Summer Meeting, Sidney, Australia.
http://bit.ly/1TdXnG1
-> July 6-8, 2016 - 2WALKandCYCLE 2016 Conference, Auckland, New Zealand.
http://bit.ly/1OFi4rV
-> July 15-17, 2016 - Montana Bicycle Celebration, Adventure Cycling Association’s 40th Anniversary, Missoula, MT.
http://bit.ly/1MU4ygA
-> July 25-29, 2016 - Comprehensive Bikeway Design 2.0, Portland State University, OR.
http://bit.ly/18zI3jJ
-> August 4-5, 2016 - Transportation Planning and Air Quality Conference, Minneapolis, MN.
http://bit.ly/1WBs503
-> August 9-11, 2016 - Mississippi Bike Walk Summit, Biloxi, MS.
http://bit.ly/25IOvhh
-> August 11, 2016 - 6th Annual Silicon Valley Bike Summit, Mountain View, CA.
http://bit.ly/1TIzTXG
-> August 14-17, 2016 - Conference on Use of Scenario Planning in Transportation Planning, Portland, OR.
http://bit.ly/1qs1TGD
-> August 14-17, 2016 - Institute of Transportation Engineers Annual Meeting & Exhibit, Anaheim, CA.
http://bit.ly/1NpzKsx
-> August 15-19, 2016 - International Summer School 2016 "Sustainable Mobility – Made in Leipzig", Leipzig, Germany. (No charge for program)
http://bit.ly/296YisG
-> August 16-21, 2016, Comprehensive Bikeway Design 1.0, Portland State University, OR.
http://bit.ly/1GDSWzR
-> August 18-21, 2016, 2016, International Open Streets Summit, Portland, OR.
http://bit.ly/1RfG1J7
-> August 29-31, 2016 - Indiana Bike & Walk Summit, Indianapolis, IN.
http://bit.ly/1PCti4K
-> August 30 - September 2, 2016 - 5th IENE International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, Lyon, France.
http://bit.ly/1OqsDgD
-> September 8-9, 2016 - 2016 Transportation and Communities Summit, Portland, OR.
http://bit.ly/1OubLnQ
-> September 10, 2016 - 3rd Annual KC Women’s Bike Summit, Kansas City, MO
http://bit.ly/1E4scqe
-> September 11-14, 2016 - American Public Transit Association Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA.
http://bit.ly/1LMVNnl
-> September 12-18, 2016 - Placemaking Week: Pro walk/Pro Bike/Pro Place; Future of Places Summit, Placemaking Leadership Forum & Jane Jacobs at 100 Celebration - Vancouver, BC, Canada.
http://bit.ly/1RRdXKT
-> September 13-21, 2016 - 2016 Physical Activity and Public Health Courses, Columbia, SC.
http://bit.ly/1PNkXsW
-> September 16–17, 2016, North Carolina Bike Summit, Asheville, NC.
http://bit.ly/1fgGco2
-> September 19, 2016 - 2016 Illinois Bike Summit, Normal, IL.
http://bit.ly/1TX3IZY
-> September 21, 2016 - European Day without a Road Death
http://bit.ly/27isZSg
-> September 24, 2016 - Bike to Your National Park Day
http://bit.ly/1OZPrJe
-> September 24, 2016 - TransportationCamp NYC 2016, New York, NY.
http://bit.ly/1ViSyOU
-> September 26-29, 2016 - NACTO Designing Cities conference, Seattle, WA.
http://bit.ly/1lvmQyb
-> September 26-27, 2016, 2016 Impact Summit GPS for Well-Being: Navigating Data for Equitable, Sustainable Communities, Washington, DC.
http://bit.ly/1TsjGtR
-> October 1-31, 2017 - EcoMobility World Festival 2017, Kaosiungm Chinese Taipei.
http://bit.ly/1W8lSsd
-> October 2-5, 2016 - 22nd National Conference on Rural Public and Intercity Bus Transportation, Asheville, NC.
http://bit.ly/1NwXa1L
-> October 3-7, 2016 - Walk 21, Hong Kong.
http://bit.ly/1Qd5bHc
-> October 4-5, 2016 - 9th Annual Growing Sustainable Communities Conference, Dubuque, IA.
http://bit.ly/1DfsQyk
-> October 5, 2016 - International Walk to School Day
http://bit.ly/1HFSofq
-> October 6-8, 2016 - CityWorks (X)po, Roanoke, VA.
http://bit.ly/1YqD0J4
-> October 9-12, 2016 - Rail~Volution 2016, San Francisco, CA.
http://bit.ly/1TXOCgL
-> October 14-16, 2016, American Bicycling Education Association I Am Traffic 2, St. Louis, MO.
http://bit.ly/1TB8meC
-> October 14-17, 2016 -World Trails Conference 2016, Tottori, Japan.
http://bit.ly/1TDjOTh
-> October 18-19, 2016 - National Shared Mobility Summit, Chicago, IL.
http://bit.ly/1VBld28
-> October 21-24, 2016, American Society of Landscape Architects Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
http://bit.ly/1OrYqwK
-> October 25-28, 2016, 2016 AMPO (Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations) Annual Conference, [Venue TBA]
http://bit.ly/1T5Whh4
-> October 29 - November 2, 2016 - American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.
http://bit.ly/1TjMUY1
-> October 31-November 1, 2016 - TRB Partners in Research Symposium: Transformational Technologies, Detroit, MI.
http://bit.ly/294FPxR
-> November 1-2, 2016 - 2016 GeoDesign Summit Europe, Delft, Netherlands.
http://bit.ly/1ZbJcCM
-> November 3, 2016 - 27th Annual CTS Transportation Research Conference, Minneapolis, MN.
http://bit.ly/1WqvHQW
-> November 7-9, 2016 - 9th International Urban Design Conference, Canberra, Australia.
http://bit.ly/1wbKTQG
-> November 9-11, 2016 - North American Bikeshare Association 2016 Annual Conference, Austin, TX.
http://bit.ly/1Yw3NDJ
-> November 10-12, 2016, International Mountain Bicycling Association (IMBA) World Summit, Bentonville, AR.
http://bit.ly/203CNyo
-> November 15, 2016 - Street Lights: Illuminating Implementation and Equity in Complete Streets, Sacramento, CA.
http://bit.ly/1OxRAqy
-> November 16-17, 2016, Capital Ideas: Raising Money for Transportation Through Innovative State Legislation, Sacramento, CA.
http://bit.ly/1qYpzTR
-> November 16-18, 2016, 2016 Trafinz Conference, Tauranga, New Zealand.
http://bit.ly/1Y74KAv
-> November 16 - 19, 2016, 6th International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health, Bangkok, Thailand.
http://bit.ly/1N1wEbE
-> December 1-2, 2016 - 10th University Transportation Center (UTC) Spotlight Conference on Bicycles and Pedestrians, Washington, DC.
http://bit.ly/1R6tmU5
-> January 8-12, 2017 - 96th TRB Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.
http://bit.ly/24Xl8r9

NEW & FURTHER OUT: See http://bit.ly/centerlines for other events more than six months from now.

-> May 21-24, 2017 - 5th Urban Street Symposium, Raleigh, NC.
http://bit.ly/297g67i


JOBS, GRANTS, AND RFPS
Please limit job announcements to about 150-250 words and include a web link for the full description. This will reduce the editor's workload! Thanks! See previous issues of CenterLines for Jobs, Grants and RFPs that may still be current at http://bit.ly/ZHi0NE.

-> JOB - MARKETING & COMMUNICATIONS MANAGER, BIKE PGH, PITTSBURGH, PA
Communications is core to BikePGH's mission and advocacy. Marketing is core to their growth and success. They are looking for a highly motivated, talented individual to lead and expand their communications and marketing, and aid in fundraising. This full-time position reports to BikePGH's Executive Director and works closely with a talented team of biking and walking advocates.
Deadline: July 8, 2016, http://bit.ly/28YPmUI

-> JOB - EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, BIKE WALK CONNECTICUT
Bike Walk Connecticut is hiring an Executive Director. Bike Walk CT is a member-supported nonprofit organization that works to make Connecticut a better place to bike and walk. The Executive Director works collaboratively with the Board of Directors, with overall operational responsibility for Bike Walk CT programs, resource development and management, membership growth, and execution of its mission.
Deadline: July 11, 2016, http://bit.ly/28ZrNK0

-> JOB - PARK & RECREATION PROGRAM MANAGER, STATE OF NEVADA
Under general direction, the Park and Recreation Program Manager is responsible for planning, organizing, coordinating and supervising the Division of State Parks' park and recreation program, which includes conducting complex studies and analyses; planning and managing archaeological and promotional contracts and grants; assigning and reviewing work performed; evaluating present and future recreational needs and opportunities; and managing land acquisitions and exchanges. This position also manages the Recreational Trails Program and provides grants for construction and maintenance of both motorized and non-motorized trails, outdoor recreation trails, and related facilities and educational projects.
Deadline: July 15, 2016, http://bit.ly/29asfaw

-> 2 JOBS - AMERICA WALKS
America Walks is a national organization leading the way in making America a great place to walk. They provide a voice for walking and walkable communities with federal agencies, provide strategy support, training and technical assistance to statewide, regional, and local organizations, and serve as the convener of the national Every Body Walk! Collaborative.

FUND DEVELOPMENT MANAGER, FROM YOUR OWN USA-BASED OFFICE
America walks is looking for an experienced professional who is excited about the opportunity to craft and implement a comprehensive fundraising strategy for their organization. The development manager is enthusiastic about putting this strategy into place to expand our resources. As an integral part of a committed, collaborative staff, this person provides overall leadership in the acquisition of resources to support the mission and collective impact goals of the organization
Deadline: Open until filled, http://bit.ly/293ptnS

COMMUNICATIONS SPECIALIST, FROM YOUR OWN USA-BASED OFFICE
America Walks is looking for an exceptional writer and editor to join their team as a part-time Communications Specialist. This person will work with the Communications Manager to write engaging and compelling content for the America Walks' website, newsletters, fundraising requests, and other communications to grow their brand and amplify their message. This position will also be part of the communications and promotional team for the 2017 National Walking Summit.
Deadline: Open until filled, http://bit.ly/298reCo

-> PRE-RELEASE ANNOUNCEMENT - FHWA 2017 ENVIRONMENTAL EXCELLENCE AWARDS
Applications will open on August 1 for the FHWA 2017 Environmental Excellence Awards (EEA). These awards recognize outstanding transportation projects, processes, and partners that use FHWA funding sources to go beyond "business as usual" to achieve environmental excellence. The 2017 EEA Program includes a strong focus on both the natural and human environment, and represents a joint effort among three FHWA offices: the Office of Project Development and Environmental Review, Office of Natural Environment, and Office of Human Environment. The 2017 EEA Program will feature a range of categories under the topic areas of Natural Environment, Human Environment, and Organization and Process Innovation. Pedestrian, bicycle, and trails projects are not restricted to the "Nonmotorized and Multimodal Transportation" category. Good projects can apply under multiple categories. To help you begin thinking about selecting a project, check out projects that won past years' awards: http://1.usa.gov/294hvhq.
Deadline: September 15, 2016, Information on how to apply will be available on the FHWA EEA website starting on August 1.

See also:
-> Alliance for Biking and Walking Job Board, http://bit.ly/1IQlOaf
-> American Planning Association Jobs Online, http://bit.ly/1FUbQ3U
-> Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals Career Center: http://bit.ly/1DhwE41
-> Alta Planning + Design, http://bit.ly/1jbgjF9
-> Burgess & Niple, http://bit.ly/1DWNrf3
-> NACTO Careers, http://bit.ly/13VnUBl
-> Sam Schwartz Engineering, http://bit.ly/PsktvP
-> Toole Design Group, http://bit.ly/1k7DPRg

[Let us know if your firm or organization has a job or RFP to announce or typically has job openings: news@bikewalk.org.]


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Editor Emeritus & Founding Editor: John Williams
Editor: Linda Tracy
Executive Editor and Program Manager: Mark Plotz, AICP
Web/Systems Administrator: Jimmy Johnston

Contributors: AASHTO Daily Transportation Update; AASHTO Journal; Megan Abundis; Association of Bicycle & Pedestrian Professionals Listserve; Emily Badger; Laura Baum; Boulder's Walk & Bike Month; Madeline Brozen; A Cartographer's Toolkit; Ed Christopher; CityLab; Josh Cohen; Complete Streets News; Christopher Douwes; ECF General Newsletter; EcoMobility Alliance Update; Gerrit Faber; Fast Company; Kay Fitzpatrick; Global PANet e-News; Tara Goddard; Brian Haussmann; H+T Friends Mailing List; Eren Inci; Journal of Physical Activity & Health; Jen Kinney; Chris Kochtitzky; KSBY News; Michael Laris; Milken Institute Review; Mobility Lab; Montana Associated Technology Roundtables; Next City; Ngani Ndimbie; Nick Olivier; Elliot Njus; Oregonlive; Gretchen Peterson; Post-Bulletin; Safe TREC Newsletter; Angie Schmitt; Ben Schiller; Social Science & Medicine; State Smart Transportation Initiative; @StreetsblogSE; StreetsBlog USA; Sustainable City Network; T4America Blog; TRB Transportation Research E-Newsletter; Karen Turner; Vision Zero eNews; Walkable West Palm Beach; The Washington Post; Robbie Webber; Jon Wergin.


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