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GREAT BRITAIN: SPEEDING & CELLPHONE USING DRIVERS WHO KILL FACE LIFE IN PRISON
-> The Guardian reports dangerous drivers who cause death while using their mobile phones or speeding will face life in prison. The decision to go ahead with a major extension of sentences comes after a campaign by families and a cross-party group of members of Parliament. Drivers who kill while under the influence of drink or drugs will also face a life sentence. And there will be a new offense of causing serious injury through careless driving, as part of renewed efforts to improve road safety. The new measures mean such drivers could face the same length of sentence as those convicted of manslaughter, with maximum penalties raised from 14 years to life. http://bit.ly/2wZM9Ps

AUTOMATED VEHICLES, PEDESTRIANS & BICYCLISTS
-> Mobility Lab reports the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) recently hosted a Twitter chat on how bicyclists and pedestrians will interact with autonomous vehicles. It synthesized the latest thinking from Mobility Lab and other key players including America Walks, SAE International, Walk Friendly Communities, the Vision Zero Network, NACTO, the National Safety Council's Road to Zero, among others. PBIC posed 10 burning questions on the topic. Check out their compiled top tweets (http://bit.ly/2gghd70) and Mobility Lab's responses to these questions, including 5 ways cities and counties can make sure autonomous vehicles and bikes mix safely. http://bit.ly/2ghSiQq

PBIC's "Discussion Guide for Automated and Connected Vehicles, Pedestrians, and Bicyclists" (http://bit.ly/2wA29tE) presents 10 key challenge areas (including detection) that need to be at the center of automated vehicle discussions across all sectors and stakeholders, a glossary of key terms, and additional resources. To date pedestrian and bicyclist safety and health issues have not been at the forefront of automated vehicle discussions and research.

[See Webinar section for "Policy and Planning Actions to Address Connected and Automated Vehicles" on November 8, 2017; and "Regulations and Policies Impacting AV/CV Introduction in Transit" on November 16, 2017.]

TORONTO, CANADA: ECONOMIC IMPACT STUDY OF BIKE LANES
-> The Toronto Centre for Active Transportation released a report that found Bloor Street, in the vicinity of a bike lane pilot project, is economically healthy and experiencing growth. The study looked at customer counts, visit frequency, spending, and vacancy rates. Researchers found that, despite the removal of approximately 160 on-street parking spots and one traffic lane, business on Bloor Street continues to flourish. They also examined customer travel patterns before and after the bike lane's installation. They found fewer than 10% drive: 48% walk and cycling grew from 7% to 20%. Over 90% of customers were unaffected by the reduced capacity for cars. "Economic Impact Study of Bike Lanes in Toronto's Bloor Annex and Korea Town Neighbourhoods." http://bit.ly/2gh0fVX

NARRATIVES OF MARGINALIZED CYCLISTS IDENTIFY OBSTACLES
-> The National Institute for Transportation and Communities project seeks to understand perspectives of marginalized cyclists and how transportation professionals can foster a more inclusive cycling culture. In a study conducted by Portland State University, researchers collected rich, narrative data regarding obstacles to routine or utilitarian cycling for women and minorities who already see biking as a viable form of transportation, but who make relatively few bike trips. Many people of color reported feeling anxiety regarding systemic forms of racism. These issues ranged from concerns about police violence to challenges in maneuvering through public spaces. As a result of this anxiety, some individuals reported curbing their cycling habits. "Narratives of Marginalized Cyclists: Understanding Obstacles to Utilitarian Cycling Among Women and Minorities in Portland, Oregon" http://bit.ly/2yr6l0A

ONLY 10% OF OLDER ADULTS WALK FAST ENOUGH TO CROSS IN TIME
-> The Journal of Transport & Health published a study that used longitudinal data to investigate changes in walking speed, and ability to cross the road in time, in adults over 50 living in England. Only 10% of measured walking speeds were fast enough for the required 1.2 m/s pedestrian crossing speeds in the UK and the US, walking speed declined with age, and the decline accelerated with increasing age. Researchers noted their results may overestimate the proportion of older people able to cross the road in time. "Crossing the Road in Time: Inequalities in Older People's Walking Speeds" http://bit.ly/2ywnZhm

40% OF ADULTS & 19% OF YOUTH ARE OBESE
-> CNN reports nearly 40% of adults and 19% of youth are obese, the highest rate the country has ever seen in all adults, according to research by the National Center for Health Statistics. (Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults and Youth: United States, 2015-2016: http://bit.ly/2yuSPa3) What is "very striking" about this information is that there has been a 30% increase in adult obesity and 33% increase in youth obesity from 1999-2000 data to 2015-16, despite government-focused efforts to address the issue. http://cnn.it/2gc0JNh

2017 STATE OF YOUTH OBESITY RANKINGS
-> The Safe Routes to School National Partnership E-News reports obesity remains one of the biggest threats to the health of our children and our country. Check out the latest in youth obesity rates in the new 2017 State of Obesity state profiles, interactive maps, and graphics and see where your state ranks. http://bit.ly/2gk9p4f

TRAFFIC DEATHS SPIKE-WORST 2 YEARS IN LAST 50 YEARS
-> StreetsblogUSA reports that in 2016, 37,461 people were killed in motor vehicle crashes, according to official statistics recently released by U.S. DOT - a 5% increase over the previous year. (2016 Fatal Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview: http://bit.ly/2yuFr5B) Coming on top of the 9% increase in 2015, that adds up to the worst two-year swing in traffic deaths in more than 50 years. People walking or biking account for a rising share of total traffic deaths. Last year drivers killed nearly 6,000 pedestrians - an increase of 9%. The number of people killed while cycling rose slightly to 580 - still the highest toll since 1991. http://bit.ly/2yuFUF1

SAFE SYSTEMS APPROACH FOR ROADWAYS
-> UTC Spotlight reports the Collaborative Sciences Center for Road Safety (CSCRS) at the University of NC, Chapel Hill (UNC) is implementing a collaborative, multidisciplinary, safe systems approach to reducing transportation-related injuries and fatalities, and to helping traffic safety become recognized as a public health priority in the US. By engaging perspectives from behavioral, engineering, epidemiological, technological, and planning disciplines, CSCRS is implementing new research, education, and professional development activities designed to improve road safety. http://bit.ly/2ghTRxN

REACTIVE PED CROSSING ALERTS DRIVERS & PEDS
-> Springwise reports the Starling Crossing - or Stigmergic Adaptive Responsive Learning Crossing - uses familiar and understandable road markings and colors to react to different conditions in real-time. (http://bit.ly/2yvtCfv) The full-scale prototype has been temporarily installed in South London, England. Using a neural network framework, cameras track objects that are moving across the road surface, distinguishing between pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles, calculating their precise locations, trajectories and velocities and anticipating where they may move to in the next moment. If a person is distracted, looking down at their mobile, and veers too close to the road surface when a car is nearby, a warning pattern lights around them to fill their field of vision. If a child runs into the road unexpectedly, a large buffer zone is created around them to make their trajectory clear to any nearby drivers or cyclists. http://bit.ly/2yuTacx

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