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-> According to a July 15th CityLab article, "...American Community Survey data show that D.C. bicycle commuting increased an astounding 208 percent between 2000 and 2012. Yet biking to work is far less common in the lower-income areas east of the Anacostia River. Despite the recent additions of substantial cycling infrastructure, many mobility challenges remain.

"Our research examines mobility barriers, perceived or real, among low-income residents in Washington.  As cyclists ourselves, our initial study aimed to help the Washington Area Bicyclist Association plan its advocacy in D.C.'s Wards 7 and 8—areas that are more than 94 percent African-American, and with above-average poverty. With a $29 budget and a team of American University students, we surveyed more than 260 commuters in two surveys in 2012 and 2013. Below are three of our key findings.

  • "Poor respondents spend more time commuting...
  • "Most people, poor and non-poor alike, still want cars...
  • "Cycling just isn't popular among the urban poor (yet)..."

Title & Author: "How Low-Income Commuters View Cycling" by Eve Bratman & Adam Jadhav


-> According to a July 10th Human Environment Digest article, "The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty posted 'Frequently Asked Questions' about Health in Transportation ( The FAQ addresses a variety of health-related transportation topics, including what opportunities exist to address health through transportation and how health effects are addressed through Federal actions."

Title & Author: "FHWA Posts Health in Transportation FAQ" by Staff


-> According to a July 9th On the Commons article, "'Over the past five years we're seeing an infrastructure revolution, a rethinking of our streets to accommodate more users—busways, public plazas, space for pedestrians and, of course, bike lanes,' says David Vega-Barachowitz of the National Association of City Transportation Officials. 'More protected bike lanes is one of the most important parts of this.'

"Protected bike lanes separate people on bikes from rushing traffic with concrete curbs, plastic bollards or other means— and sometimes offer additional safety measures such as special bike traffic lights and painted crossings at intersections.  Protected bike lanes help riders feel less exposed to danger, and are also appreciated by drivers and pedestrians, who know where to expect bicycles. Streets work better when everyone has a clearly defined space... Protected lanes have recently popped up in more than 30 communities across the U.S. from Munhall, Pennsylvania, to Temple City, California, with many additional projects set to open later this year..."

Title & Author: "How to Inspire Millions More People to Bike: Bike lanes of the future can be seen on the streets right now" by Jay Walljasper

[See also Protected Bike Lane Inventory item below and Evaluation in Research Section later in this issue.]


-> According to a July 11th People for Bikes post, "One of the most-used resources on this website is the one we started building first: an inventory of every protected bike lane in the United States and Canada ( We hope. This month, we're updating it, and we want to make sure it's as complete as possible. For that, we need your help. Check out the Google spreadsheet and see if it includes the protected lanes you know of. If it doesn't, or if the information is wrong, send a note to with your corrections, additions or tips...

"As part of the Green Lane Project's newly revised style guide (, we've spelled out a protected bike lane's three characteristics:
1. Physical separation. ... some sort of physical, stationary, vertical element between moving motor vehicle traffic and the bike lane... Paint alone does not create a protected bike lane.
2. Exclusively for people on bikes. ... define and allocate space exclusively for people on bikes, not shared with pedestrians or motorized traffic except for brief mixing zones where necessary and at intersections....
3. On or adjacent to the roadway. ... part of the street grid... may be separated from the road by landscaping or other features, but it runs parallel and proximate to the roadway..."

Title & Author: "Tech Talk: Is Our Inventory of Protected Bike Lanes Missing Yours?" By Michael Andersen


-> According to a July 15th email message from Nancy Smith Lea of the Toronto Centre for Active Transportation, "Today, TCAT releases the eighth video in the It`s Your Move series featuring Vito Tolone, Senior Transportation Planner at the City of Burlington. ( See all 8 videos posted to date:

"This video highlights how Burlington's recent Transportation Master Plan (TMP) update explicitly recognizes that the automobile is not the only way that people travel. The update, called Go Your Way, sets out a 20-year vision for transportation to ensure that the transportation infrastructure, services and operational policies are aligned to accommodate Burlington's expected growth. To achieve this, the plan is focused on creating a balanced and accessible transportation system for all modes of travel including transit, cyclists, pedestrians and automobiles..."


-> According to a July 9th Mobility Lab article, "... Interestingly, Arlington gives as much attention to bike parking as it does auto parking. As bike ridership numbers rise in D.C. (and nationally), so does the demand for bike parking. The county currently requires developers of site-plan buildings to construct one bike parking space per 2.5 residential units. John Durham, transportation demand management planner for Arlington County Commuter Services (ACCS), believes that number may be too low because 50 percent of all households in the county own at least one bicycle.

"Not only are quality bicycle-parking facilities an effective way to encourage and influence bicycle-ridership numbers, but they also are a more efficient use of land and maximize resources. One automobile parking space can accommodate 10 bikes, according to Durham.

"Mounting research suggests that bike facilities pay off economically to business owners. In D.C., businesses located near Capital Bikeshare stations appear to benefit economically. Similarly, protected bike lanes in New York City have been shown to increase retail sales by 49 percent. Just as Arlington County is focused on moving people instead of cars, some businesses are recognizing that cars don't buy things, people do. Particularly in areas of density with scarce parking generally, it can make sense to provide bike parking as a complement to (or replacement for) car parking. The goal is to maximize foot traffic..."

Title & Author: "Bike Parking Overtakes Auto Parking in Some Places" by Paul Goddin


-> According to a July Fostering Livable Communities Newsletter article, "In 2014, the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy is launching a $1.2 million, three-year initiative to create the next generation of trail planning data collection instruments, methodologies, and analysis tools for trail planners and trail builders in the United States (U.S.). Through the Trail Modeling Assessment Platform (T-MAP), the organization is working with 12 communities across the country to develop and test a suite of analytical models that quantify trail system connectivity, trail demand, and healthcare savings from increased physical activity.

"Over the last 20 years, Federal, State, and local governments have invested billions of dollars to create trails in communities across America, but the full societal benefit has not been assessed and published, due, in part, to limited data availability. The vision for T-MAP is to transform trail development and empower trail planners with robust, evidence-based, and easy-to-use tools that will enable them to manage, prioritize, and advocate for trails.

"The T-MAP models include the following:
1. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) method for measuring trail system connectivity...
2. Demand factoring and forecasting models...
3. Tools that translate trail use into financial savings related to health and transportation impacts..."

Title & Author: "Rails-to-Trails Conservancy Takes National Trail Development to the Next Level with T-MAP" by Dr. Tracy Hadden Loh


-> According to a July 11th City Clock article, "The short video below provides a summary of how the Dutch created a cycling nation. The Dutch cycling nation before WW2 was different. The Netherlands has the most cyclists per-capita in the world.  If you have had a chance to visit, it's hard to miss the vast cycling network no matter where you are in the country.  Many think that cycle paths were always there. That isn't entirely true.  Before World War 2, the network was far less advanced.  Where cycling lanes did exist, they were much more narrow. There were intersections that didn't accommodate cyclists. The network was also not fully connected...."

Title & Author: "Documentary (6 min) – History of how the Dutch made a cycling nation" by @urban_future

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