NCBW Newsroom - The Research Beat
-> According to a Sept. 25th League of American Bicyclists article, "A few years ago Advocacy Advance, a partnership of the League and the Alliance for Biking & Walking, recognized the rise of local ballot initiatives to boost funding for transportation as a key opportunity to raise new funding for biking and walking projects. This summer we had the opportunity to partner with Americans for Transit to invest in new research to identify voters who support funding for transit and biking infrastructure.
"For the League, we wanted to answer four basic questions
"The results are in, and it's really exciting! The webinar below [41:01 video archive] explains the research we did, the results and how to use it in local ballot initiatives..."
-> According to the abstract of an August US DOT report, "This white paper provides a review of research and current practices of integrating economic development goals in metropolitan area transportation planning. The information presented is intended to serve as a technical resource for transportation planners, clarifying essential economic development concepts and how peer practitioners can address these concepts in the metropolitan area transportation planning process. The first section summarizes research on essential economic development attributes and analytic methods drawn from a broad range of sources, including empirical and analytical research. This summary provides the context for the second section, which is a review of several best practice examples chosen to demonstrate how metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) are successfully incorporating economic development goals in planning and decision-making."
-> According to an Oct. 6th CityLab article, "A friend of mine heads an office in the White House... he asked me a question. 'What's the number one most important thing that we have to fight for?’ I said. 'Well that's easy: 10-foot lanes instead of 12-foot lanes.’...
"I have steeled myself for the task of explaining here, in a manner that can never be disputed or ignored, why the single best thing we can do for the health, wealth, and integrity of this great nation is to forbid the construction, ever again, of any traffic lane wider than 10 feet..."
[Ed. note: The article is based on the paper "The Influence of Lane Widths on Safety and Capacity: A Summary of the Latest Findings," by Theodore Petritsch, P.E. PTOE, Sprinkle Consulting. For the engineering case against 12-foot lanes see http://bit.ly/ZR8Cxq.]
-> According to a Sept. 29th State Smart Transportation Initiatives post, "This study (Who’s on Board: The 2014 Mobility Attitudes Survey: http://bit.ly/1tzZQem) reveals that Americans from regions across the country think about and use public transit in remarkably similar ways. The report is the first to compare rider and non-rider attitudes by age, income, education, family status and ethnicity, and to examine both cities and suburban areas across various regions of the U.S. The work documents the unmet need for reliable, quality transit. This preference is true across age groups and geographic regions."
-> According to a Sept. 29th Business Insider article, "Walking may never become as trendy as CrossFit, as sexy as mud runs or as ego-boosting as Ironman races but for fitness experts who stress daily movement over workouts and an active lifestyle over weekends of warrior games, walking is a super star. For author and scientist Katy Bowman, walking is a biological imperative like eating. In her book, 'Move Your DNA: Restore Your Health Through Natural Movement,’ (http://amzn.to/1yLjWdH) she suggests there are movement nutrients, just like dietary nutrients, that the body needs...
"Researchers say emerging evidence suggests that combined physical activity and inactivity may be more important for chronic disease risk than physical activity alone. 'Actively sedentary is a new category of people who are fit for one hour but sitting around the rest of the day,’ Bowman said. 'You can’t offset 10 hours of stillness with one hour of exercise.’"
-> According to the abstract of a July Journal of Physical Activity and Health article entitled "Designing Active Communities: A Coordinated Action Framework for Planners and Public Health Professionals," "...Planners and public health professionals working in Ontario, Canada were recruited to participate in a concept mapping process to identify ways they should work together to enhance the design of active communities.
"This process generated 72 actions that represent collaborative efforts planners and public health professionals should engage in when designing active communities. These actions were then organized by importance and feasibility. This resulted in a coordinated action framework that includes 19 proximal and 6 distal coordinated actions for planners and public health professionals.
"Implementation of the recommended actions has the potential to make a difference in community design as a way to enhance physical activity in community members. This Coordinated Action Framework (see slide #28 at http://bit.ly/1s9vv9U) provides a way to address physical inactivity from an environmental and policy standpoint."
-> According to a Sept. 23rd Bloomberg article, "New diabetes cases in the U.S. have leveled off after years of sharp increases in a surprising sign that health officials may be starting to get America’s obesity epidemic under control. Diabetes was diagnosed in 8.3 percent of Americans in 2012 compared with 7.9 percent in 2008, according to a study released in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The caseload had jumped dramatically from 1990 when just 3.5 percent of the U.S. population were newly diagnosed with diabetes.
"The finding fits with previous research that has showed the obesity epidemic in the U.S. is stabilizing as celebrities, governments and corporations have pushed to improve Americans’ diets and exercise. Obesity is a main cause of Type 2 diabetes, which usually develops in adults and is the most common form of the disease..."
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