NCBW Newsroom - The Research Beat
The National & International Scene | Regional and Local Actions | The Research Beat | Resources | Jobs, Grants & RFPs
IMPACTS OF WALKABLE NEIGHBORHOODS & TRANSIT ON HEART HEALTH
-> Two new studies suggest heart health may depend, at least in part, on the sidewalks and public transportation available in the community where you live. Both studies highlight the role that good urban planning and public policy can have on the health of average citizens. http://bit.ly/1QjnyM4
In one study (Moving to a Highly Walkable Neighborhood and Incidence of Hypertension: A Propensity-score Matched Cohort Study: http://bit.ly/1WYBDTr), people are less likely to have high blood pressure if they move to a "walkable" neighborhood that is designed to encourage walking while performing errands. The other study (Commuting by Public Transportation is Associated With Lower Prevalence of Excess Body Weight, Hypertension, and Diabetes: http://bit.ly/1SXNX0c) found that people who ride a bus or train to work are less likely to be overweight, or to have diabetes or high blood pressure.
NEW ZEALAND: REALLOCATING PARKING FOR MULTI-MODAL USE & PLACEMAKING
-> A recent New Zealand Transport Agency research report (The Costs and Benefits of Inner City Parking vis- à- vis Network Optimisation: http://bit.ly/1HVgmT)I) considers the costs and benefits of inner city curbside parking, versus the opportunity cost of the corridor space being allocated for other uses. Increasing demands for multi-modal transport networks that support efficient movement of people and goods, and greater emphasis on the amenity value of inner city streets, has created competition for road space. Curbside parking reallocation is a new use of road space (such as cycle lanes, public transport infrastructure, extra vehicle lanes, or pedestrianized shared spaces and better quality urban realms) that was previously occupied by vehicle parking spaces.
BIKE-RELATED HOSPITALIZATION RATES: HELMET LAWS NOT A FACTOR
-> A new study finds bicycle helmet laws do not seem to improve rider safety (Bicycling Injury Hospitalisation Rates in Canadian Jurisdictions: Analyses Examining Associations with Helmet Legislation and Mode Share: http://bit.ly/1MUxmW4). The authors gathered Canadian data on bicycle use, cycle-related hospitalization, and a number of other variables including helmet legislation in 11 jurisdictions with and without helmet laws. They found two factors to be statistically linked with bike hospitalizations. For all types of injuries, women experienced "substantially lower" hospitalization rates than men did, and lower rates of traffic-related injuries were associated with higher cycling mode shares. Researches did not find any connection between helmet laws and bike-related hospitalization rates. http://bit.ly/1Qhxbe7
BIKE-SHARING IN SUN BELT CITIES MORE LIKELY FOR RECREATION
-> A new report (Shifting Gears: Framing Bike-sharing Trends in Sun Belt Cities: http://bit.ly/1Qu23YV) finds that Sun Belt city residents are most likely to use bike-share programs for recreation, compared with users in the Midwest or Northeast, who regularly use the same programs for their daily commute. The report offers a richer understanding of how people use bike-share programs in lower-density and traditionally car-centric cities in the Sun Belt. http://bit.ly/1Yg7QCL
WHY AMERICANS USE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SURVEY
-> It’s not always available as a choice, but when it is millions of Americans choose to use public transportation rather than drive. The "Why Americans Use Public Transportation" survey (http://bit.ly/1OPN6QF) examines why they are making that choice. Listen to an interview with Michael Townes, HNTB’s transit sector market leader and a senior vice president, about the survey. (05:52) http://bit.ly/1MRI049
WHAT BOSTON MILLENNIALS WANT
-> A new survey (What Millennials Want: http://on.uli.org/1O1Xh3p, data available to Program Sponsors) reveals Boston millennials are far more interested in using public transportation than driving a car: 80 percent of young professionals in the Boston area said access to public transportation is "very important" when choosing a community or neighborhood in which to live. "Being able to walk to amenities" was very important to 75 percent of respondents, and bike lanes and bike paths are very important or somewhat important to 59 percent of them. Only 25 percent said the availability of on-street parking was a very important factor. http://bit.ly/1Y4AZAV
LEFT-RIGHT SMART GROWTH SPLIT EMOTIONAL NOT IDEOLOGICAL
-> A recent research report (Moral Intuitions and Smart Growth: Why do Liberals and Conservatives View Compact Development so Differently: http://bit.ly/1PzaemB) concluded residents’ views on land use and development patterns aren’t ideological, they’re emotional. And it could help explain why, despite the seemingly centrist appeal of smart growth – for liberals, social equity and environmental sustainability, for conservatives, economic opportunity and a less intrusive government – the urbanist movement has been disproportionately embraced by liberals.
Get a jump start on this news by subscribing to CenterLines.