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ECONOMIC IMPACT CASE STUDY TOOL FOR TRANSIT
-> TRB’s new "Economic Impact Case Study Tool for Transit" (http://bit.ly/1V7Hpjq) presents the results of a project to create the prototype for a searchable, web-based database of public transit investment projects and their associated, transit-driven economic and land development outcomes. This information is intended to inform future planning efforts for transit-related projects, and to support better multi-modal planning. The report covers the design and development of the case study database and web tool, and includes a set of seven prototype case studies: (http://bit.ly/1qqWJe7).
NEW PRINCIPLES FOR U.S. TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM
-> A new Smart Growth America report concludes the next president will need to create a true and comprehensive vision of America’s transportation infrastructure, a program to pursue that vision, and honest mechanisms to fund it. This report (New Principles for Our Transportation Program: http://bit.ly/1YB9aQ7) addresses the new principles that should serve as a foundation for a future transportation program that will enable America to meet its potential. Four changes should guide a future transportation program: Repair the current system first; Replace a program that moves cars, trucks, and buses with one that moves people and goods. Reward innovation through competition and performance management; and Meet transportation needs with transportation funds.
INTEGRATING HEALTH INTO TRANSPORTATION DECISION MAKING
-> FHWA’s "Framework for Better Integrating Health into Transportation Decision Making" (http://1.usa.gov/1LFVNN7) helps transportation agencies identify when and how to consider public health. It poses questions to practitioners to identify issues to consider, suggests partnership strategies, and identifies data and tools needed to support these decisions. Using examples from current practice, the Framework Case Studies highlight real-world accomplishments of five communities that tested it in their corridor studies. Check out the recording of a webinar on the background research, focus group findings, the steps and content of the Framework and the case studies highlighting lessons learned during the corridor study testing phase: http://bit.ly/1swdDtO.
CLEAN ROAD MAPPER: PICKS CYCLISTS’ BEST AIR QUALITY ROUTE
-> Navigation tools can now help pedestrians find the greenest, best lit or safest route. Now, for Toronto’s cyclists, Clean Road Mapper enables them to avoid the city’s most polluted streets by showing them the route with the best air quality. The platform uses data collected from air monitors fitted onto cars that drove around the city through the summer and winter of 2015. Interestingly, the levels of ultra-fine particles are influenced not only by the traffic density, but also the area’s architecture, since pollution builds up between tall buildings and is unable to dissipate. http://bit.ly/1OoewbX
TCAT BOOK: COMPLETE STREET TRANSFORMATIONS
-> The Toronto Centre for Active Transportation launched its new book, "Complete Street Transformations" (http://bit.ly/1TH7wsl). It profiles nine distinctly different street redesign projects throughout the Toronto region that have been made more "complete" by adding space or infrastructure to benefit people on foot, on bike, or on transit. This event will offer a chance to find out more about how effective these Complete Street designs have been, and engage in a dialogue about how municipalities in the region can build more effective and inclusive streets for all modes, ages, and abilities.
FREE MAPZEN MULTIMODAL MAPPING & OTHER TOOLS
-> Mapzen (http://bit.ly/1ODcES5), a free platform, recently released an open-source routing engine for planning multimodal journeys based on open data from government and community sources. It can be used to create analyses, visualizations, maps, and applications that take into account multiple transportation modes.
- The new version of Vector Tile service enables outdoor recreation maps and bicycling maps, and reorganizes a few labels. It includes additional information to highlight bike lanes (known as cycleways in OpenStreetMap), bike paths, routes, and junctions. They have revised how they treat bike stores, bike rental shops, and bike rental stations. They indicate nationally and regionally important bike routes out to zoom 11. http://bit.ly/1WBDZHl
- Tangram is a flexible mapping engine, designed for real-time rendering of 2D and 3D maps.
- Mapzen Turn-by-Turn is an open-source routing service for client-side routing applications.
- Mapzen Search is a geographic search engine for places based entirely on open-source tools and powered by entirely open data.
PED BEHAVIORS & TRAFFIC CONTROLS AT SIGNALIZED CROSSWALKS
-> TRB recorded presentations that present pedestrian crossing behaviors at various density levels and turning vehicle maneuver patterns at signalized crosswalks based on video data collected in the US and Japan. The presentations examine how pedestrians behave at crosswalks, where pedestrian-vehicle conflict points are located, and how trajectory paths are defined. The videos and slides are available on-demand at no cost. Understanding Pedestrian Behaviors and Traffic Controls at Signalized Crosswalks for Safety Improvement: http://bit.ly/1OCjdEk
TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS: SPEEDING
-> NHTSA’s "Traffic Safety Facts: Speeding" (http://1.usa.gov/1TVQ1UQ) provides data from the 28% of fatal crashes that were speed-related in 2014: driver age and gender, alcohol, by roadway function class, and by state (TX, CA, and PA had the most speeding-related fatalities in 2014; DC, RI and VT had the fewest.)
HUMAN FACTORS GUIDELINES FOR ROAD SYSTEMS
-> "Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems: Second Edition" (http://bit.ly/1V7IqYA) provides data and insights of the extent to which road users’ needs, capabilities, and limitations are influenced by the effects of age, visual demands, cognition, and influence of expectancies. It also provides guidance for roadway location elements and traffic engineering elements. The report also provides tutorials on special design topics, an index, and a glossary of technical terms.
[See Webinar section for a webinar on June 15 that will show how the 2-page guideline format and human factor interaction matrix can be used to solve day-to-day safety problems.]
EXAMINING TECHNOLOGY-ENABLED TRANSPORTATION SERVICES
-> "TRB Special Report 319: Between Public and Private Mobility: Examining the Rise of Technology-Enabled Transportation Services" (http://bit.ly/202bGPZ) analyzes how innovative transportation services, including ridesharing, carsharing, bikesharing, and microtransit, are changing mobility. The report offers guidance to state and local officials responsible for policy setting and regulation of for-hire transportation services in each of these areas. It also addresses the need for greater consistency in regulations across jurisdictions and calls for transportation network companies (i.e. Uber, Lyft, etc.) to share more information about the volume, frequency, and types of trips they provide to allow for informed regulation and planning of transportation services.
TRANSPORTATION AIR QUALITY SELECTED FACTS AND FIGURES
-> The updated Transportation Air Quality Selected Facts and Figures brochure provides an overview of facts and figures regarding the linkages between transportation and air quality. The focus is primarily on transportation-related emissions trends, policies, technologies, and standards that effect on-road mobile sources, including automobiles, light-duty trucks, and heavy-duty trucks. http://1.usa.gov/1R73veJ
COST EFFECTIVENESS TABLES SUMMARY FOR CMAQ-ELIGIBLE PROJECTS
-> FHWA’s Cost Effectiveness Tables Summary (http://1.usa.gov/1TiAoHO) provides a broad range of project cost-effectiveness values for CMAQ-eligible project types. The tables are intended to assist states, MPOs, and other project sponsors make the most efficient use of their CMAQ dollars in reducing on-road vehicle emissions and traffic congestion.
These online materials provide information regarding the development of estimates of cost- effectiveness for a range of representative project types previously funded under the CMAQ Program. Topics addressed include: key limitations of the cost –effectiveness analysis process; utilization of MOVES in determining emissions rates by criteria pollutant; and the selection of specific project types for analysis. The results of the relative cost analysis of CMAQ projects is displayed in bar charts by pollutant type in increasing order of project median cost. An aggregate table of summary finding displays a color-coded display for all pollutants and all project types. A companion document (Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program Cost-Effectiveness Tables Development and Methodology: http://1.usa.gov/1rStWjU) offers additional detailed information.